The demographic, academic and economical factors frame this model to present relevant concerns the United States Department of Health & Human Services has regarding excessive drinking. This model represent (but not limited to) the HHS focus of study among excessive drinking in adolescents between the ages of 12-20 who have reported drinking in the past month. Race Ethnicity - The fastest growing ethnic groups regarding excessive alcohol consumption in U.S is Whites and Asian American, respectfully. African Americans and Latinos have the lowest rate of monthly and heavy drinking. Among gender in adolescence men are more likely to drink than women and consume more alcohol overall.
There are 283,000 Hispanics incarcerated which makes up 15 percent of the inmate population. From 1985 to 1995, Hispanic imprisonment rose by 219 percent with annual increase of 12.3 percent. Hispanics are usually four times more likely to go to jail as white men, but less likely than African Americans. According to the Bureau of Justice statistics, Hispanics are the fastest growing minority in the prison system. In states such as Connecticut and Pennsylvania, Hispanic men incarceration rate is seven times higher than whites; in Massachusetts and North Dakota the rate is six times higher.
Startling Statistical Information About Drug Abuse in Fresno County, California While Trust for America 's Health reported the state of California has the 15th lowest fatality rate (10.6 out of every 100,000 people) from drug overdose, the number is quite misleading considering the vast population of the state. The reality is drug abuse was the number one cause of accidental death in the state (see graphs provided by Visually). Furthermore, it was estimated that 85% of a vast population of addicts will never get the treatment they need. While representing a substantial part of the state 's population, it would be safe to assume Fresno County, CA residents need drug and alcohol rehab resources. Finding the Right Drug and Alcohol Rehab
In addition, Hispanics have certain disadvantages, of one way or another, of even graduating from high school. Although the Hispanic high school dropout rate continues to fall according to the City University of New York (CUNY), Hispanics have by far the highest (14%) high-school dropout rate of any group in the country compared to Blacks (7%), Asians (1%) and Whites (2%). Depicted on the graph, high school dropouts (no-High School) earn less than half what graduates make, college graduates make about eighty percent more than high school graduates, and those with graduate degrees make about two-and-one-half times more than high school graduates. Family income influences college attendance and the differences in education levels explain why less education translates to low paying jobs and low family
Communities of color were targeted for crimes and given larger prison sentences than their white counterparts. In the Rockefeller Drug Reform of 2009, the racial disparities significantly decreased in the early periods following the reform (Parsons, Wei, Henrichson, Drucker, & Trone, 2015). Black and Hispanic individuals, in 2008 were three-times more likely than whites to receive a prison sentence; by 2010, black and Hispanic individuals were only twice as likely to be charged than whites. Although this is still an issue that needs to be addressed, it is a significant accomplishment compared to previous years. There is still said to be harmful biases in the criminal justice system (Parsons, Wei, Henrichson, Drucker, & Trone,
A comparison of rates of diagnosis of diabetes mellitus by ethnicity and race disclosed that in 2010 the AAs diagnosed for diabetes were 13.2% of 29.1 million Americans (ADA, 2014). AA adults have the highest mortality rate from DM in individuals less than seventy years of age than other ethnic groups (Tancredi, et al., 2015). In 2010, diabetes mellitus has caused the deaths of 69,071 people in the United States with total percentage deaths of all males (48.2%) and females (51.4%). In 2013, their mortality rate accounted for 21.2 deaths per 100,000 populations (CDC, 2015). This alarming statistics have proven that AA adults at risk for T2DM are in a greater need for EB interventions that will be championed by the advanced practice nurses
In 2010, the U.S. Sentencing Commission reported that African Americans receive 10% longer sentences than whites through the federal system for the same crimes. In the 19th and early 20th century, that percentage was higher. Many people think that the US 's legal system truly provides justice for all people unlike back in the early 1900s, but the fact written above could be very easily compared to what racism was like in the 1930s. Although the United States’ legal system has improved some over the past 60 years through the Great Depression and many other hardships, this country’s legal system is still failing at providing justice for all people.
This law was disadvantageous for black people because they were much more likely to have crack due to economic and political factors (Elsner p. 20). This meant that having only 5 grams of crack in one 's possession meant a minimum of five years jail time while having 500 grams of powder cocaine equaled the same amount of jail time (WIKIPEDIA). This law along with pre-existing racial prejudice made it that black people are incarcerated at a rate ten times higher than whites (5D). This was observed by a sociologist Katherine Beckett and her research team in
In the United States, Latinos adolescence have lower alcohol consumption rates compared to other minority groups. Alcohol consumption among young Latino adults has been associates with education, income, acculturation, family factors, income and peer-oriented activities. (Turner & Gil, 2002). Latino adolescence are significantly more prone to report binge alcoholism in the previous two weeks in the eighth grade than either White or African American youth, and are somewhat more inclined to do as such in the tenth grade. Latino adolescence are more probable than both African American and White youth adolescence to have consumer alcohol before operating a vehicle or have ridden with a driver who has consumer alcohol.
These figures are based off of 2012 data. Oklahoma ranks 3rd in the nation for mental illness, which figures to be 22.4% of the state’s population. When it comes to substance abuse disorders, Oklahoma ranks 2nd with 11.9% of its population suffering with such disorders. These figures mean between 700,000 and 950,000 adult citizens of Oklahoma are in need of help for substance abuse disorders, help with mental illness or both. The Connection Between Mental Health and Substance Abuse Disorders: The correlation between mental illness and substance abuse isn’t completely understood.
There are a lot of things that influence African Americans lives, but jail incarceration and poverty seems to be at the root. I am mentioning poverty because unjust jail incarceration is linked adjacent to it. According to the State of Working America in a 2013 study, African Americans, poverty rates are the highest at 27%. According to the NAACP, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, “African Americans now constitute nearly 1 million of the total 2.3 million incarcerated population.” According to the U.S. Sentencing Commission in a 2010 study, African Americans offenders receive sentences that are 10% longer than white offenders for the same crimes.
According to Webster, Wellness is the state or condition of being in good physical and mental health. Although, African-American are considered to be the minority in America we are a huge fraction of the diseased American population. African Americans are 60% more likely to contract diabetes; also African Americans are more likely to suffer kidney disease, resulting from diabetes. 3 million African American’s have diabetes; the more astonish fact is that a third of the people with diabetes are oblivious to the fact they have it. African American’s develop high blood pressure earlier in life than other Americans; 45% of black women have the affliction.
Latinos, however account for 23 percent of the poor but were underrepresented seeing that on they only appeared in about 13 percent of the images. Those statistics are alarming and so are the discrepancies that come along with them. These type of assumptions are solely the products of American stereotypes. In 1991, a study was done that Doorn recorded to gauge American opinion. American’s average guess at the amount of poor African Americans was 50 percent, although the actual figure was around 29 percent.
Studies have reported that within low income communities 1 out of 3 children are considered as overweight or obese (Ogden et al., 2010). Just counting for obesity within African Americans alone obesity has spike from 10.4% to 24.4% (Ogden et al., 2010). The key points which will be discussed are the social
Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the US, resulting in 38,000 fatalities (in 2010), making it a significant public health priority. The recent study from VA 's Suicide Data Report, 2012 found “U.S. veteran suicide rates to be higher figure, 22 suicides per day, or 8,000 per year.” The VA study also recorded 11,000 non-fatal