The New Negro and the rise of Harlem came about at a time when African-Americans began to urbanize and form a unique urban culture. These African-Americans defined themselves on their own terms, were proud to be both of African descent and American citizens, and were not afraid to push back against racism. After WWI more than one million African-Americans moved from the South to Northern cities beginning in 1915 in what became known as the Great Migration. There were several push and pull factors that contributed to the Great Migration. Blacks sought to escape poverty, Jim Crow, and racism as a new KKK formed.
The Jim Crow laws enforced racial segregation where ninety percent of black Americans lived. This gave black people hope for a new better life in the Northern states where those laws weren’t enforced. This renaissance was a cultural party that helped expose black writers, musicians, poets, artists, etc. This changed the culture forever and the talent started to spillover within the black community. Art was pushed to its limits and was a form of a statement and representation.
Extended Essay: The Harlem Renaissance Question: What contribution did the Harlem Renaissance have in shaping the voice of African-Americans in New York City during the 1920’s? Introduction: For many, the 1920’s evokes images of flappies and speak-easies. But for one group of Americans, the decade was also the start of rebirth. The Harlem Renaissance was the first time African writers, musicians and artists won recognition for their achievements in vast amounts of areas. Their goal was to create an outlet for group cohesion and self determination, as a means for achieving equality and civil rights.
Have you ever thought of the changes that had to take place for all races to gain equality? The Harlem Renaissance was the revolution in America's history when the black community was being accepted and they were getting closer to equality to all. There were many things that sparked the Harlem Renaissance such as, such as jobs, opportunities for freedom and self-expression. The Harlem Renaissance is considered a Renaissance as it involved a change in the majority of society creating a rebirth type of event. The social change in this Renaissance was caused by the whites and blacks both starting to converge and easing the racial tensions.
The introduction of the uniqueness of art, jazz, literature and dancing became the new attraction. The Great Migration of many African-American people from the South to the North, and many into Harlem was the cause of this circumstance. Harlem became the midpoint of settlement. There are principles that lead to the creation of the Harlem Renaissance. During the 1916 to 1970s the great migration occurred.
Many blacks were punished for their freedom of speech, and actions. During the Harlem Renaissance many blacks were harmed due the the explicit evidence. This let whites to realize that they were harming blacks which led to social change. “Go Harlem” by Chick Webb was an upbeat rhythm that helped other African Americans relate to the society. Webb talked about, “Up and down the avenue, You see faces old and new, With a smile that, welcomes you, 'Cause it's holiday in Harlem” (Webb).
With the cotton industry taking a turn for the worst many African Americans were living very undesirable. So, they decided to pack up and head North taking their musical traditions and talents with them. The Harlem Renaissance was one of the greatest cultural movements that took place in the 1920’s. During this period of the time the African American culture began to take shape and flourish like never before. The Harlem Renaissance was a time when African American authors, poets, writers, musicians and photographers began to make their mark in big northern cities such as Washington DC, Chicago, Detroit and New York City.
The Impact of the Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance was an artistic and cultural movement during the 1920s and the 1930s. It was sparked by a migration of nearly one million African-Americans who moved to the prospering north to escape the heavy racism in the south and to partake in a better future with better tolerance. Magazines and newspapers owned by African-Americans flourished, poets and music artists rose to their feet. An inspiration swept the people up and gave them confidence. This movement inspired a rise in African-American artists and gave them a way to express their feelings in many art forms.
Surrounded with a wide variety of styles, including Pan-African perspectives,” high culture and low culture”, traditional forms in literature such as modernism, and the new form of jazz poetry. New authors attracted a great amount of national attention, which led to more opportunities for blacks to be published by mainstream houses. Some authors who became nationally known were Jean Toomer, Jessie Fauset, Claude McKay, Zora Neale Hurston, James Weldon Johnson, Alain Locke, and Langston Hughes. During the renaissance jazz musicians like Fats Waller, Duke Ellington, Jelly Roll Morton, and Willie “The Lion” Smith are considered to paved the way for future musicians of their genre because they made a new way of playing
The Great Migration occurred when African Americans left rural South for the urban North. Harlem became the cultural center for African Americans to express their artistic talent. In Harlem, writing, art, music, and theater became more important to African Americans, to express their culture