Carolin Hagelskamp, author of “Workplace Discrimination Predicting Racial/Ethnic Socialization Across African American, Latino, and Chinese Families” declares that, “In the 2007 National Survey of Latinos, 51% perceived workplace discrimination to be major problem and 16% reported they had been denied a job or a promotion because of their race (Carolin Hagelskamp).” Racial profiling and discrimination within a work environment is expressed through degrading comments, passive-aggressive slurs, and social interactions. “Exposure to racial/ethnic discrimination at work is associated with a host of negative outcomes for workers and their families, including decreased job satisfaction, and mental and physical health problems (Carolin Hagelskamp).” Limited knowledge has been explored about the repercussions of exposure to racial profiling may have on parents towards teaching their children. However, these actions arise questions as to how racial profiling and discrimination pertaining to work may shape parent’s beliefs about what their children must understand about race and ethnicity, and their attendant racial/ethnic socialization practices, remains underexplored (Carolin Hagelskamp). The effect racial profiling has caused is, racial
Since the Reagan administration, all proceeding presidents have continued to win votes by using this dog-whistle strategy. It sends abstract messages through coded language that sounds neutral on the surface, but plays on white resentment to minorities without appearing racially motivated (SG 16). The effectiveness of this strategy becomes obvious when reflecting on some statistics about drug usage and incarceration rates. Since 1983 when mass incarceration truly began escalating, African American incarceration has increased by 26 percent. This increase has caused approximately 80 to 90 percent of drug offenders currently in prison to be African American while no evidence exists that Blacks use or sell drugs any more than Whites (NJC).
Abstract Police departments face increasing criticism from protesters, the media, and the federal government. Many negative personal encounters and officer-involved shootings have stimulated arguments about American law enforcement. These officer involved shootings have caused racial issues across the country. Is reform necessary? With approximately 18,000 police agencies operating in the United States, is reform even possible?
Some would argue that the police are doing their job and using the skills they have learned. The ones they are using however, are over the top and resulting in injury or death of the people they are arresting. In a “study—which gathered data voluntarily reported to the FBI from 2011–2012, tracked by race (excluding Latinos)— found that 70 departments from Connecticut to California arrest Blacks at a rate 10 times more than people of other races” (Catalan, DiversityInc). In addition, they are using these harsh tactics on primarily African Americans, who most of the time are getting stopped for a traffic violation and end up being hurt or killed. In this case, many officers are abusing their powers, shooting people, and claiming it was an act of self
Echo Egbouno is a man who needed help and instead he ended up at the police station, made him look and feel like a criminal. All he needed was help because he does not feel like he has proper or stable mental health. Jacqui Dyer, speaks up for all this inequality black people in England are suffering of. She claims there is institutional inequality towards black males and females. According to Macionis, institutional inequality or racism refers to the strong use of racism in important public institutions, in this case the health care
Unfortunately, The Obama Administration soon leaves office with the worst race relations our country has faced in decades. The reason being that after failing in foreign and domestic policy, the democratic party needed a rallying point. One of those points was Black Lives Matter, which is and was a cynical effort promoted by self interest of the Democratic party to manipulate inner city blacks and win their support. In turn, votes for a democratic party that has utterly failed to bring any form of change to the impoverished black people of our
At the turn of the 21st century the majority that entered the prison system were African Americans and Latinos. (Michelle Alexander, 2010) The reason behind mass incarceration was due to the crack down on the deteriorating communities where the majority of minorities lived. Authors Scott Ehlers, Vincent Schiraldi and Jason Ziedenberg of Still Striking Out: Ten Years of California’s Three Strikes (2004) report that African Americans in prison because of the three strike law is higher per every 100,000 African American than Whites and Latinos in California. (U.S. Census Bureau
Many African American families experienced tough times living in Chicago during the 1950’s. In the 1950’s, blacks were still subjected to widespread racism, providing many disadvantages for them in society. The Younger family in Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun, exemplifies the troubles a black family endured in 1950s Chicago, particularly the father, Walter. Walter experiences many disappointments in his life and is unable to accomplish his ultimate dream of being rich and providing for his family. Walter fails to fulfill his dreams of becoming wealthy due to multiple aspects of the Great Migration, including racism, poverty, and a lack of education for African Americans.
Between 1999-2016 there were more white victims than black killed by law enforcement , however, blacks only make up 12% of the population. Breaking it down, this shows that blacks are at a 3.5 times greater risk of being one of the 776 killed by police shootings. Are blacks becoming the victims of these shootings? What might have caused these statistics? Recent studies show minimal to no consequences for misconduct
According to another article on Gale Groups, more than 1.4 million drivers were arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, while 112 millions adults admitted to operating a vehicle while impaired. Is getting arrested for something you could easily prevent just by calling a taxi worth it? An extra $20 on taxi fare is much better than a couple years in jail. Young people between the ages of 21 and 29 make up the largest group of drivers with a BAC level of 0.08 percent or higher who are involved in these fatal crashes. If the younger ages get harsher punishments, they are less likely to drunk drive when they are older.
2005, An Analysis of the NYPD 's stop and frisk policy in the context of the claim of racial bias by Andrew Gelman, Jeffrey Fagan, Alex Kiss is about the NYPD records of indicated that they were stopping black and Hispanics more often that they were stopping whites. Minorities are stopped twice as often for violent crimes and a weapons offense. Lower "hit rates" for non-whites is suggested as the targeting of minorities while another suggests dynamics of racial stereotyping and a more passive form of racial preference. Racial Incongruity stops in high rates of minority stop in predominantly white precincts. Being out of place is often a reason for suspicion.
According to New York City Police Department, “NY police 80% stops were of blacks and Latinos, when whites were stopped, only 8%” (Quigley). Blacks and Latinos aren’t treating equally in NY City. Also, in California, American Civil Liberties Union found blacks are three times more likely to be stopped than whites. This shows institutional discrimination, mainly against Blacks, Latinos and they treated based on their race
Black people consist of around 13% of America’s population, yet commit around 51% of homicides in America. The police, when they go into these types of areas, have to be on high alert and evaluate every situation individually. Despite all the pressure of these situations, police are still less likely to shoot a black person than a white one. For example, there was a study by Washington State University that police officers were 20 percent less likely to shoot a black man rather than a white one. It also concluded that it took a longer time for a police officer to shoot an armed black man than a white one.