However, Chinese immigrants are treated unfairly because more complex reasons. These reasons include historical problems, Chinese-American cultural differences and competitive level (include education level and English level also the specialize skills). For Chinese immigrants, they contribute a lot of America society both in the technology and economy according to the public affairs television; however, many Chinese-Americans think they are “living in the jail” with no civil rights. (Public Affairs Television, Between Two Worlds) signal phrase The conflicts is caused by the competitive. In one way, Chinese are trained to get good grade in the exam.
The true history of American West as I said before is based partially on myths, because the truth is very complicated and messy. Africans Americans who came West, expected a better life but experienced the same economic hardship, and racial violence that caused them to flee the South after the Civil war. The race problem in the West was not as the movies portray, with the Indians graciously handing over their land to white cowboys. The real truth is that many ethnicities and cultures came together wanting the same land, so of course, there were misunderstandings, fights, hostility and
The introduction of 13th Amendment had forced whites to morally equalize human rights to apply to blacks, which had never been of equal status before. A new era of racism in America was dawning; whites struggled to survive the competitive economic market booming in the west, as well to replace deep-rooted superiority over blacks in efforts to drive the country closer toward industrialization. In this era, formerly coined as the “nadir of American race relations,” (Logan, 1954) racism in America reached morbidly new heights in the maltreatment of non-white people, which contrasted greatly with the American ideal of inalienable freedoms. The gold rush undoubtedly pressured whites to compete with both new and old opponents, beginning with
These laws were greatly detrimental to the newly arrived immigrants, since many of them were farmers and had little choice but to become migrant workers. Some cite the formation of the Asiatic Exclusion League as the start of the anti-Japanese movement in
The push factor that enforced people in Japan to migrate was the overpopulation and the displacement, which affected farmers from the south. In the late 19th century Japanese first moved to Hawaii, Mexico, Latin America, and eventually to other cities in the United States (4). They also suffered discrimination in pursuing employment that was focused in agriculture. California was one of the striving economies that relied in the agricultural business, which was represented by the 45% of Japanese growers. While these growers become prosperous from their land produce, they soon became a threat to White Americans.
This was also a form of political racialization that resulted heavily from social and economic influences. At the time, white miners felt threatened by non-white laborers as competition for gold and wage, and demanded the segregation and exclusion of non-whites from mining. As Lee states, “competition intensified, and the Chinese miners became the targets of hostility and faced rigid racial prejudice from competing white miners as well as from local and state governments” (2015, 13-14). As a result, the enforced tax’s sole purpose was to impose a financial burden on those recognized by race to be ineligible for naturalization, in other words, non-whites (per Nationality Act). This was a political act (taxation) derived to address political and social concerns of the white laborers.
Some people rejected the idea and did not feel it was right to support the Indian Removal Act. But the actions caused by that where very harsh and taken very badly for the Native Americans. Even all the people in the south were for it and it wasn’t even alright for the Native Americans. “The New Echta treaty was used to expel 1,700 Cherokee's from their Southern homelands. In the winter of 1838- 1839, 14,000 sauntered 1.200 miles through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas into Indian land.
In particular, the Paiutes, who were the desert nomads, were constantly rebellious to the immigrants and other settlers. They continued their rebelliousness to nearly all non-Indians up to the 1840s, which the Anglos could not control. The U.S army resorted to constructing forts along the trails with a view to protect the influx of Europeans and American migrating into the area. The fight to the extreme end escalated with poor weather conditions marked by heavy rains and snow that caused extensive flooding. The natives found it difficult to survive and resorted to raiding the settlers’ cattle for survival.
During this period there were droughts, floods, and soil erosion in the South. They were held accountable for their share of the portion of crop, as well as their landlord’s, so many of them had to declare bankruptcy and they suffered financial losses. (“Great Migration: What Caused the Great Migrations” 73). African Americans moved North to escape racial discrimination such as Jim Crow Laws, poor schools, and second-class citizenship (Horton 114). They believed they would be given more rights and economic power in the North, which would have removed racial barriers and helped cause the movement (“Great Migration: What Caused the Great Migrations?” 72).
Many millions of European immigrants could become citizens, and they could vote and enjoy the other guarantees of citizenship. These guarantees included security in the ownership and transfer of property, if they were fortunate enough to have any. Native Americans and, after Emancipation following the Civil War, African Americans were hardly ever secure in their citizenship. All of these non-white people might suffer severe discrimination in earning a livelihood, even a poorly paid