Slaves played a huge role in the early American colonies because “communities were designed around slavery”. Slaves were commonly seen and worked throughout all colonies but were heavily used in the South. The Southern slaves were “forced to work under harsh conditions for long hours”. The majority of the men worked on plantations doing manual labor and the often times women were house servants. Their punishments could included being beaten, starved, tortured and or killed.
Slavery has been present in almost every country, culture, and people since ancient times. The conditions may not be exactly the same, but people were still “owned” by others, not having a say in their own lives. Slavery has been controversial from the very beginning, some believing that every human should be equal and others believing some humans are inferior and deserve to be enslaved. In the 1800’s there were many writers and speakers trying to convince others to rid the United States of slavery. Two of these abolitionist writers were Harriet Beecher Stowe and Frederick Douglass.
The growth of the enslaved African American population directly led to an increase in domestic slave trade in the early 1800s. As a result, by 1860 a very significant amount of slaves worked on plantations in the Deep South. Hot temperatures, long work days, and harsh treatment made slave life unfathomably difficult. Families were destroyed, in fact, a third of children under the age of fourteen were separated from their parents and about a quarter of marriages were split, due to slave trade. Slavery was dehumanizing, but maintaining and creating culture and traditions was a way for slaves to have an identity, and in many ways was a resistance to the demeaning nature of slavery.
Throughout the development of the colonies in America, slave trade grew to be a significant source of labor in primarily southern plantations within the late seventeenth to eighteenth centuries. During the era, with slaves being condemned to be considered socially inferior by law, and the increase in demand of goods such as rice and indigo, the slave labor force became a notable source for southern plantations in the eighteenth century. Slaves and people of color had always been considered to be socially inferior even before the colonies existed. With a sense of paternalism in Great Britain, people have always believed that those considered slaves,or servants rather, were second class citizens, and these people needed to be suppressed for their own best interests.
In the early nineteenth century, series of compromises had been made in order to keep the states unified rather than divided. The overall reason for the sectionalism in the nation had all started from slavery. Compromises passed by Congress were used to keep the nation unified hoping to resolve the political disputes by trying to appeal to the South, by feeding into their “need” of slaves. However, political disputes could no longer be resolved by compromise due to different social views, lack of government interference, and the belief over whether the north or the south is more superior. Therefore, from 1820-1860, compromises could no longer help solve political disputes.
Slavery took place in almost every country around the world; each country participated in slavery in one way, shape, or form. When the American Colonies began to from by English settlers, the idea of indentured servitude was brought over with them. Elite families depended on indentured servants to serve until their debt was paid, but as more settlers came, less people choose to come over and serve as indentured servants. As indentured servitude began to become less accepted, slavery was becoming more reliable through the slave trade. Slavery was introduced in Jamestown, Virginia in 1690 to help with the production of tobacco.
Between the 1820s and 1860s, a time period that was greatly influenced by the Industrial Revolution, people were willing to work hard so that they could provide for their families. Slaves were still being used to help develop the United States of America by harvest crops such as cotton, and please their “masters.” were forced to work and help develop the country. Both slavery and industry helped the country grow financially. Slaves had to work harder to meet higher cotton demands. The introduction of the cotton gin also aided in the aided in the rapid production of cotton (PIIP 9).
The Course, Patterns, and Reasons for the Development of Slavery in Colonial America Slavery is considered as the most brutal and harshest institution in the history of America. Especially, slavery existed in America from early 17th century until mid-19th century, after Congress had passed the 13th Amendment. During this dispensation, there were more than 4 million African American slaves living in America. The first people to enslaved in colonial America were native Americans. For thousands of years, aboriginal societies had engaged in various forms of slavery; at the time, the practice was, however, a temporary condition utilized as sign of status and not for money making (Franklin and Moss, Jr. 12).
In the mid-nineteenth-century, the economic power switched in the South from the “upper South” to the “lower South,” which was expanding agriculturally. This switch resulted in the growth of a cotton-based economy. Economically, the change from cultivating tobacco and rice to cotton helped immensely. The high demand for cotton led to tremendous profits in the South and this drew the population to move to the prospering agricultural lands. The increase in cotton farming made African American slaves a necessity to the white males.
The life of an African-American in colonial times was anything but glamorous, working hard hours on farms or in domestic settings with hardly any praise, but they found ways to make it a little less miserable. Making African-Americans slaves was a result of the need for cheap labor in the late 17th century which caused a trade system of humans that was happening internationally. African-American slaves made up a large part the New England colonies. With the majority of them working on farms in the Chesapeake region, crops flourished, which resulted in a stable trade and economic system. The slaves didn’t get a break, working from dawn until dusk, so they had to come up with ways of passing the time.
America turned to slavery in the 17th century when the spread of Tabaco increased the demand for labor. Slavery has existed for most of human’s history, however America’s use of slavery based on plantation culture. It became connected to race, and the cruel treatment increased which resulted in high death rates. In this paper, I will argue that slavery shaped the foundations of the United States through the spread of religion, rebellions, the cruel treatment of slaves, criticism that emerged about slavery and the tension with foreign power. The use of slaves created a harsh reality for the US filled with fear and hatred, creating a defined social hierarchy.
The plantation system is the basis of South Carolina’s economy. Significant income comes from agriculture of rice, tobacco and indigo. Plantation are privately owned units of land meant for the production and export of raw materials. Yet, cultivating this crops is intensive labor, and there is a pressing need for laborers. It is arguable that the use of African Americans for this task would solve the issue; it would be economically convenient, yet it also raises a moral dilemma when considering the harsh work and living conditions slaves endure.