Black women have been apart of social movements for over a hundred years. Black feminist have made efforts to work with organizations as well as create organizations to improve the life and liberty, and pursuit of happiness for African American women in America. Black feminist participated in these movements in hopes of helping with nationalism, racial and ethnic struggles, also to broaden humanistic and nurturing problems, finally to protect women’s rights and sexuality. One of the most influential black feminist women’s movements was The National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA). The National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) is an American organization that was created in 1890 by the merge of two rival women’s rights
Until the Civil war, she never stopped working for the American Anti-Slavery Society. But then she was more focused on pursuing women's rights. She started claiming the rights of both sexes and she established with her friend Stanton the American Equal Rights Association. In 1863 both Susan Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton established the Women's Loyal National League to demand some constitution amendments in the United States. It was the first American Women’s organization for anti-slavery movement as it was the only political tool for women at that time.
Stanton’s upbringing played a major role in her participation in the woman’s rights and suffrage movements. She was the daughter of a wealthy family that afforded her the opportunity of a great education, which included practical law skills from her father (National Parks Service, n.d.). Equipped with knowledge, Stanton became one of the most well known voices of woman suffrage and helped to create the First Women’s Rights Convention in 1848 (National Parks Service, n.d.). Her main goal was a “broader, more radical vision of complete gender equality,” (Hogan, 2006, p.1). Stanton continuously strived to make women seen as equals to men in all aspects of life.
Instead of sitting quietly in peaceful protests and campaigns, she refused to be a small voice in a sea of power-hungry men and oppressed women and made herself and women’s struggles known to America. She grabbed America’s attention through various tactics, including marches and picketing in front of the White House, and fought for equality until her death. As a young girl, Alice Paul had originally been introduced to the women’s suffrage movement through her mother, who would often take her to
Shirley had her way with words by speeches and speaking out her mind, she wasn 't shy to back off, she spoke for the people because she knew no one else would do it. In the speech Equality Rights For Women it says “... There is a calculated system of prejudice that lies unspoken behind that question. Why is it acceptable for women to be secretaries, librarians, and teachers, but totally unacceptable for them to be managers, administrators, doctors, lawyers, and Members of Congress... It has been observed before, that society for a long time discriminated against another minority, the blacks on the same basis - that they were different and inferior.
Erica Huggins and Andrea Jones, were elected in 1972 to the Berkeley Community Development Council Board of Directors. Kathleen Cleaver, was the first female to become a part of the decision making body within the party. White feminist movement had little to offer Black women and according to Elbaum, “…white women did not invite Black women to one of the first major feminist conferences because of worries they would shift the agenda too heavily toward racism. (Elbaum pg 137). Most BPP women saw their struggle alongside Black men, and defined gender equality within BPP.
It’s important to remember our history as American women. The Women’s Reform Movement was crucial in the U.S. because it was a precursor to women being able to vote. Some of the key leaders were Susan B Anthony, Anna Howard Shaw, Carrie Chapman Catt, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Lucy Stone. They used various strategies such as lectures, pamphlets, lobbying for better education, women’s labor unions, speeches, and conventions. Speeches, particularly the one made by Susan B. Anthony, were influential in affecting the way people viewed the rights of women.
Arnold Schwarzenegger once said, “In our society, the women who break down barriers are the ones that ignore limits.” Rebecca J. Cole was an ideal embodiment of this quote because of the obstacles she had to overcome to become the second African American female physician in the United States. Rebecca J. Cole was influenced and shaped by her determination to break racial and gender barrier during a time notorious for the concept of separate but equal in the case of minorities. Rebecca J. Cole was born on March 16, 1846 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania as the second of five children. She is of African and European ancestry. Cole attended the prestigious Institute for Colored Youth, a rigorous school with the curriculum of Latin, mathematics, and Greek, where she excelled.
Crawford et. al, also focuses on women, who participated in the Civil Rights Movement. They examine Bates’ role in the movement and what she is most notably known for the integration of Little Rock Central High School. In addition, they examine the roles that Bates played in the movement, not just as a leader of
The NAWSA did not keep Black women from creating their own campaign as individuals and organization put their own efforts into the suffrage movement. Fannie Barrier Williams states on racist attitudes. We can see white women such as Alice Paul and Carrie Chapman Catt as heroes because she was asked by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) to state the NAWSA’S position on the Jones