During the 20th century, African American starting leaving the south. They left behind the racial segregation, discrimination, and violence in search of greater economic opportunity. This was the forming of the “Great Migration” of 1.5 million African Americans that happened between 1910 and 1945. Also another 6.5 million moved north and west between 1945 and 1970. Since the 1960’s, many black urban immigrants have achieved success where as some have been left behind.
Before the global war started in 1939 between the Allies and the Axis, America decided to stay out of the war. It was not that long when Japans attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7 1941 making President Roosevelt declared war on the emperor of Japan. As the war progress, Adolf Hitler’s and his armies conquered many part of Europe, Asia, and Northern Africa. But at home, segregation was a problem for many African-Americans who wanted to fly as a pilots. For instance, African-American were not allowed to fight during WWII because of the Jim Crow laws and a report that came out in 1925 that says Black-men was unfit to serve in the military.
For African-Americans facing opposition from antagonistic whites and Jim Crow laws leaving the South made political, social, and economic sense. The South was adversely affected by the decision of African-Americans leaving the South. There are three ways in which the Southern States were affected by the Great Migration.
John Sides’ LA City Limits: African American Los Angeles from the Great Depression to the Present focuses on the migration of southern African Americans to the west between the early 1900’s and the 1970’s. Although there was a great migration of Southern African Americans to the north, there was more of an impact on African American lives in western cities like Los Angeles. Sides claims that the migration of southern African Americans was due to their desire to escape the bigotry and injustices that they faced in the southern states. Los Angeles was one of the many cities that provided hope for the southern African Americans to escape their prior social and economic conditions. While life in Los Angeles was better than the lives that the southern
African-American in the late 1800s and early in the 1900s were socially, politically and economically restricted from participating in the Southern state. Although, slaves were abolished in the 1865, even though they were free and escape the brutality in the South, their rights of human being were still taking away from them. They were given little right such as owning property in specific area. African-American could sue, be sued and testify in court only involving other African-Americans. They were given the right to get marry, however, they could not interact or have an relationship outside of race.
Conflicts during the 1930s through the 1970s were great, the mainstream idea would be due to World War II but what was significantly missed is the struggle that was at home. Different groups of individuals had to fight for their homes and jobs due to the unwillingness of equality of the white man. The values during this time were missing due to the ideas of a man who was out at war. Many different movements began and were impacted during this time women, African Americans, and Natives were all tremendous impacts on the war. Yet it seemed to take second place to the white man in history, even in areas that they significantly impacted on the war.
It was the early twentieth 100 , and the world had already changed trehands dously compared to the world of their parents and grandparents. Slavery had ended in United States more than half a century earlier. While African American English still faced tremendous economic and social obstacle in both the northern and southern DoS , there were more chance than there had been. After the Civil War (and first slightly before, especially in the Union ), Department of Education for Negroid American English -- and total darkness and white char -- had become more common . Many were not able to attend or complete schooltime time , but a substantial few were able not only to attend and complete elementary or secondary winding school, but college .
6 million African Americans moved from the rural South to the cities of the North during The Great Migration. The blacks wanted to escape the oppressive economic conditions in the south and the promise of greater fortune in the north. Some blacks was being paid to migrated from the south to the north for work and their expenses was being paid. The Pennsylvania Railroad paid the travel expenses of 12,000 blacks.
During the early 1800’s, President Thomas Jefferson effectively doubled the size of the United States under the Louisiana Purchase. This set the way for Westward expansion, alongside an increase in industrialism and overall economic growth. In fact, many citizens were able to thrive and make a better living in the agricultural business than anywhere else. All seemed to be going well in this new and ever expanding country, except for one underlying issue; slavery. Many African Americans were treated as the lowest of the classes, even indistinguishable from livestock.
Between that time, African American Families moved from the South to the North and to the West. Following the Civil War, many African Americans had packed up and migrated to urbanized areas like Chicago and New York. By 1920, almost 300,000 African Americans had moved away from the south, Harlem being a very popular destination for the traveling families. New arrivals found jobs in slaughterhouses, factories and foundries, but working conditions were strenuous to their bodies and sometimes dangerous. Many didn 't consider the amounts of people that would be migrating to New York and that made competition for living space harder.
The “discovery” by the United States that Europe had inferior and superior races was a result of the large amount of immigration from southern and eastern Europe in the late nineteenth century (Brodkin, 1994). Before this wave of immigration took place, European immigrants had been accepted into the white population. However, the European immigrants who came to the United States to work after 1880 were too numerous and too concentrated to scatter and blend in. Rather, they built working-class ethnic communities in the United States’ urban areas. Because of this, urban American began to take on a noticeably immigrant feel (Brodkin,
In the 1950s there were several laws that kept African American people separated from White Americans. African Americans were not allowed to do anything with White Americans or even be close to them. The White Americans were so harsh toward them that they established laws that said that African Americans could not vote, could not enter the same building of White Americans, they was not even allowed to drink out of the same water fountain. The people of the South were very strict to their beliefs and laws and if any African American was caught breaking any of the laws they were punished and sometimes killed. Some African Americans that were not familiar with the dangers of the south were few of the unfortunate ones to lose their life.
Throughout 1960s, African-Americans still struggled to blend in the American community. King continued his nonviolence movement along with the help of President John F. Kennedy. Racial integration slowly kicked in, such as black and white children in the same schools and buses as well as the Voting Rights Act of 1965, where more African Americans were allowed to vote. Malcolm X, a former drug addict and a huge influence to Black Power, insisted that blacks should take pride in their African roots and take action to defend their race. Moving on to the 2000s, concerning incomes of African-Americans, their average household incomes were below the nation’s median salary.
The Harlem Renaissance For African Americans during the early 1900’s was a scary place. . People were filled with racism and hate towards those who are black. Ever thought of how much power a group of people have if they all unite for a similar purpose? The Harlem Renaissance shows exactly that.
More job opportunities began to open up therefore, there was an increased need for skilled workers. Companies thought it was a great idea to hire African Americans who would be more than willing to work, grant them a smaller pay and have their business continue to thrive in the prosperous decade. The white leaders of the industry often took advantage of policies to ensure that African Americans would be confined to the least desirable jobs with the lowest wages (Phillips 33). Within the jobs, workers would also be faced with discrimination. The African Americans would receive death threats in their place of work almost daily and were made to feel as if they were only there to benefit the economy (Phillips 39) For many years in American History, African Americans only received training to be skilled workers, as it didn 't seem necessary for them to receive any further education (Blanton 1).