The American Civil War ended in 1865, with defeat of the Southern States. Slavery as the root of the conflict between the North and the South was abolished in 1865 with passage of the Thirteenth Amendment. (Ransom, 1989) Despite the presidential efforts to deliver justice to blacks by passing the Fourteenth and the Fifteenth Amendments, racial discrimination in the U.S. continued for several decades. Blacks struggled during Reconstruction period that brings different form of servitude known as the Sharecropping.
Many African-Americans were treated unequally after the Civil War. In source 1, the text states that racial tensions across the country were extremely high after the Civil War, and African Americans continued to deal with oppression (source 1, paragraph 1). This evidence proves that even though African Americans were no longer slaves after the Civil War, they still were being treated unfair. With that in mind, many African Americans had experienced horrible times during the 1800s just because of the color of their skin. According to source 1, back in the 1800s, there were “whites only train cars” and “blacks only train cars”, and the cars were not the same quality (source 1, paragraph 5).
Black politicians in Southern government were influenced to participate due to access to education and violence against former slaves. The Reconstruction period was a time of radical social and political change as former slaves, recently emancipated by President Lincoln, sought to take advantage of their newfound freedom by pursuing political positions within the new Radical Republican governments and seeking access to education for all blacks. Though they were met with violence, adversity, and injustice, educated black leaders recognized the importance of literacy to uplift their people from long lives of physical labor, and many of these leaders went on to become educators themselves before serving in the Reconstruction government. Aggressive
African Americans had an extremely pivotal role in the outcome and consequences of the Civil War. This group of people were enslaved, and forced to work in horrible conditions, for the whole day, without pay. Slaves were one of the main causes of the Civil War. The issue of Slavery, which resulted in the eventual economic and social division between the North and South, caused the creation of the Confederate States. African Americans did not only unintentionally cause the war, but they also effected the outcome of the war, and the eventual consequences the nation would face after the war.
During the reconstruction phase after the Civil War Southerners and Northerners treated blacks different in many ways and similar in some ways as well. Many of the black began to leave the south in 1877 after the Nicodemus community was created originating in Kentucky. When many of african americans began to migrate to the North many of the Southern slave owners and master’s gave their slaves the option to stay and work for pay and housing instead of just as slaves, this was because at the time agriculture and the practice of farming was the main way for people during the time to have a source of income and bring food to the table. Many african american’s left because of how they were treated by their master’s. Some in which chose to stay
Thesis: Sharecropping provided African Americans limited opportunity, racial discontent, and another means to control the newly freed population. ¬ The end of slavery provided African Americans with a new start at life. Congressional support through Reconstruction hindered their success with the introduction of President Andrew Johnson. Johnson was not a champion of black people’s rights, moreover, his intent was to reduce the racial problems to each individual state.
The Reconstruction is the first thing I would talk about. I believe many people still have the impression that once slaves were freed in the South, that was it—all of a sudden everything was great for them, when in reality, they were essentially still slaves. I never knew about the black codes, vagrant laws, and sharecropping that took place in the South until this class. Slavery is covered as early as 7th grade, and I believe that the Reconstruction period following it is a significant enough event that it should be addressed sooner, perhaps in high school, so even those who choose to not attend college have the chance to hear about it.
The Union victory in the Civil War prompted the abolition of slavery and African American’s were granted freedom, along with rights that should have been there from the start, however, white supremacy overpowered in the South, forcing African Americans back into a state of slavery. The Reconstruction era, the postwar rebuilding of the South, proved to be an attempt towards change in the lives of African Americans but the opportunities were only available for a limited time. African Americans had hopes of a new South after the Civil War was fought yet that was only accomplished to a certain extent. African Americans have always faced discrimination in society, for that same reason they weren’t accepted into Congress. The graph shown in Document
Ok after the war Mississippi abolished slavery but refused to ratify the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments, and in March 1867, under the Congressional plan of Reconstruction, it was organized with Arkansas into a military district commanded by Gen. E. O. C. Ord. After a lot of agitation, a sponsor for the Republican constitution guaranteeing basic rights to blacks was adopted in 1869. Mississippi was taken back in to the Union early in 1870 after ratifying the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments and meeting other Congressional requirements. While some of the republicans stayed in power the government was composed of new immigrants from some of the north they had African American and obedient Caucasians. In 1874 a man known by
Unmistakable Reconstruction Although The Era of Reconstruction may be argued as a positive effect, it can also be argued that it is a negative effect for the Civil Rights Movement. And the few positive changes made during the era of reconstruction, thus resulted in passive activists, Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King Jr, fighting for a senses of hope and prosperity. Despite the fact that both Mandela and King were not alive during The Era of Reconstruction Mandela and King argue the positive outcome. The Era of Reconstruction was a positive outcome because of the changes in the constitution, the government, and the sense of hope. Initially, although Mandela was not American, but South African, he would have viewed The Era of Reconstruction
The era of reconstruction came after the civil war. People still argue that the blacks were fully free or not. African Americans were not free during the civil war. This is one example of how african americans were not fully free during the era of reconstruction . African Americans were not allowed to be in the city limits of Opelousas or they will be charged a fine of five dollars and do two days in jail and then work on public street.
The Reconstruction for black Americans was a time for a change, it provided the once enslaved people the freedom of movement (Schultz 2014). With this freedom came wonderful things, such as the right to obtain property, the benefit of more control over their family situations, and many were able to reunite with family members. Consequently, an uncounted amount of them left the plantation life they were accustomed to where they were able to join the forces of the yeoman and working-classes in some cases. The Freedman's Bureau, established in 1865, foresaw the need for schools to be established in the South so now receiving an education became possible for black Americans (Schultz 2014). Another right they gained was voting, which was taken very