Although slavery was declared over after the passing of the thirteenth amendment, African Americans were not being treated with the respect or equality they deserved. Socially, politically and economically, African American people were not being given equal opportunities as white people. They had certain laws directed at them, which held them back from being equal to their white peers. They also had certain requirements, making it difficult for many African Americans to participate in the opportunity to vote for government leaders. Although they were freed from slavery, there was still a long way to go for equality through America’s reconstruction plan.
A social problem that arose was due Jim Crow Laws. Jim Crow Laws legalized racial segregation in all public facilities in southern states, with a supposedly "separate but equal" status for African Americans. These laws were legalized in the Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson, which stated that “separate but equal” was constitutional. This
During and after WWI, African Americans moved north to evade the rampant racism and discrimination in the south and to seize opportunities for jobs and new land (Document G). White Americans, their oppressors, began to see African Americans as humans because of their supposedly new culture and aspirations. While they weren’t viewed as equal, it was still a start. As expected, when juxtaposing the racial climate of the 1920s and 1998, there is a great disparity. In the late 90s, a time also known for great societal change, African Americans had been given the same rights as white Americans, but not quite the same societal status.
After slavery, African Americans in the south were in a time of change. Though they were free from slavery, whippings, and auctions, I believe life became difficult for them even after slavery ended. Racism began to grow increasingly, as many could not accept the fact that there was no more slavery. It became stricter when the government in the South enforced laws called Black Codes. Those laws were set to grant only certain rights to people of color.
Education During the twentieth century millions of African Americans migrated from the Southern United States to the North and West thinking that they will have a better chance of education Much of the writing on the relationship between the Great Migration and schooling has focused on the education characteristics of the migrants. This study considers how the Great Migration affected the educational demands of southern blacks for them to have their education. For them to be successful in the occupations that African Americans found in the north, they had to acquire a set of skills very different from that required in farming. It’s kinda noticeable that to think that blacks prepared themselves and their families for the migration to the North. Finding a job might of also been pretty hard for the African Americans during the Great Migration.
In the North, blacks and whites were starting to work together. Blacks were still restricted and did not have the same rights as a white man but slavery was not accepted. Blacks could not go where ever they pleased, blacks could not apply for any job and blacks could not vote. The North began to build manufactures
With the beginning of the Jim Crow Laws in the 1900s to their abolishment in 1965, and even today, America has yet to resolve the issue of “separate but equal.” Throughout the late 1800s, and late 1900’s the “Jim Crow Laws” were a form of enforced segregation against black people in many states all across America. Black segregation was heavy in the southern states especially Alabama, where slavery had been very prevalent. These laws made it legal for people to abuse and punish blacks for consorting with another race.
In the early 1890’s the Supreme Court ruled that segregation was legal. This means that blacks and whites used different restaurants, hotels theatres, and hotels. Blacks were considered inferior to white people and got less money from the government. The black schools and hospitals were considerably subpar to the white public places. Jim Crows laws in the South allowed this type of segregation and inequity to occur.
African Americans face a struggle with racism which has been present in our country before the Civil War began in 1861. America still faces racism today however, around the 1920’s the daily life of an African American slowly began to improve. Thus, this time period was known by many, as the “Negro Fad” (O’Neill). The quality of life and freedom of African Americans that lived in the United States was constantly evolving and never completely considered ‘equal’. From being enslaved, to fighting for their freedom, African Americans were greatly changing the status quo and beginning to make their mark in the United States.
“Jim Crow Laws were statues and ordinances established between 1874 and 1975 to separate the white and black races in the American south,” (U.S. History). The origin of Jim Crow Laws came from a song a black man once sang that was called “Jump Jim Crow”. This became a minstrel show performed by white men who used a very offensive black face. Black face is when a non colored person would color their faces black with a form of face paint or makeup to represent themselves as a black man and the name Jim Crow became the title of the event. “The term came to be a derogatory epithet for African Americans and designation for their segregated life,” (Urofsky Jim Crow Law ).
During the early 1800’s, President Thomas Jefferson effectively doubled the size of the United States under the Louisiana Purchase. This set the way for Westward expansion, alongside an increase in industrialism and overall economic growth. In fact, many citizens were able to thrive and make a better living in the agricultural business than anywhere else. All seemed to be going well in this new and ever expanding country, except for one underlying issue; slavery. Many African Americans were treated as the lowest of the classes, even indistinguishable from livestock.
During the reconstruction, it was the South that had to face the most economic, social, and political problems. The freed slaves had big problems too. The freed slaves could not read or write and were not educated. That made their job opportunities very limited. The only thing these freedmen were good at was manual labor, mainly in farms.