A weak and powerless continent like Africa would not be able to survive due to their vulnerability because superior countries will take advantage of them. For example, Africans had to grow crops in their own land in minimum wages for the Europeans and pay high taxes. The native Africans were not able to take any action against the Europeans because the Europeans were indomitable compared to Africa. Eventually it led to the Europeans to take advantage of the native Africans by treating them as laborers. In addition, one crucial consequence of European imperialism in China was being exposed to new advancements because new improvements would let a country to progress and become developed.
Culture, an assortment of human activities and principles, leads a group of people with common beliefs and values; but after it was taken away by the Europeans, all they felt was lost and with no identity. (Arowolo 2010, 4) Colonialism caused an abrupt decline of culture and tradition in the colonies because the Europeans imposed a new culture on the African’s traditional one. Due to Africa’s subjugation and it being controlled by the Europeans, Western civilization and life style began shaping the colonies. (2) One can say that European culture is characterized by a Christian worldview and individualism. (7) Consequently, imperialism caused African cultural heritage to become replaced by a prosperous European-based one.
Since the Europeans were unable to survive due to malaria, it provided a place for Blacks in the early days of missions in Africa. The work of evangelism in parts of Africa was due to the indigenous first-generation Christians rather than white missionaries according to
The author states that in the tropics, “ Malaria kills one African child every thirty seconds and accounts for over a million deaths a year around the world” (“Malaria”). The author is explaining that even today our world is still being affected by diseases. This also shows that the world is becoming even more unequal, while we are able to treat diseases with top notch medicine, and Africa doesn't have quite the technology and money we do. In the end, the deadly diseases that had developed has created an unequal world due to Europe’s immunity while others had struggled in the past, and even still today. This world that we live in has ended up so unequal due to those three main ideas; the location and shape of continents to spread new ideas, having domesticated animals, and deadly diseases.
The European powers only had the slave trade with the Africans along the shores of West Africa and African leaders still ruled most continent. According to Saul David, “Until the 19th century, Britain and the other European powers confined their imperial ambitions in Africa to the odd coastal outpost from which they could exert their economic and military influence…. As late as the 1870s, only 10% of the continent was under direct European control....” Joshua D. Settles in his research titled The Impact of Colonialism on African Economic Development also indicates that African economies were advancing in various fields, especially in the trade aspect. Nonetheless, everything changed in the late 1900s. With the development of technology and the discovery of quinine, the European powers started to expand their territories in Africa.
Another negative effect was that many Africans were brought to the Americas to work as slaves. The eight-week voyage across the Atlantic was very cramped and uncomfortable for the Africans below deck. Another negative effect which European imperialism had on Africans was that a large part of their land and natural resources were taken by Europeans. During the Berlin Conference, the nations of Europe divided up Africa as though no one lived on the continent and the land was free to take. Also, Europeans lived at the expense of the Africans, who received little or no pay for the labor they did and would sometimes be used as personal servants by the Europeans in the colony.
The execution of the land reform policies in Zimbabwe and South Africa, as well as their successes, have been very different. South Africa has been careful to take into account its economic stability, its employment figures, GDP growth and prosperity, whereas Zimbabwe has not. Change of land ownership was their ultimate goal. Zimbabwe has successfully transformed its land ownership from half the country being owned by whites in 1930, despite only being 2% of the population, to a country that now only has a population of 30 000 whites, 300 white commercial farms down from 16500 in 1979 and only 450 white owned farms. Robert Mugabe and his government have successfully transformed the land of colonial Zimbabwe, but the economy and the people have paid a large price.
In the late 17th century, the European nations set up several companies and trading posts along the coast of Africa and Asia. They work closely with local rulers in order to ensure the protection of European economic interests in those areas. Later in the late 18th century and early 19th century, the time period that was known as the Age of Imperialism, the trading posts started to influence the lands and established vast colonial empires in both Africa and Asia. The oblivion of cultural identity and value, the establishment of new laws, and the loss of economic benefits occurred in the colonized lands as the results of the imperialism. The cultural identity and value in Asia and Africa were completely abandoned because of the imperialism.
However, World Bank economic policy meant dropping tariffs on imported goods. Within a few years, cheaper "Miami rice" flooded the Haitian market, resulting in the destruction of domestic rice farming. Keeping Haiti politically dependent on the World Bank and Western capital are loans from the World Bank and imperialist governments that come with political strings attached, as do the SAPs. Agricultural support and credit systems were also severely diminished. Oddly enough the IMF never reduced the military budget, which was a large portion of public sector spending.
In Tanzania before independence, educational access was very restricted. In 1974 Universal primary education (UPE) was brought about to transform rural society and agriculture, which formed a majority of the livelihoods. "Project Performance Assessment Report: Tanzania", World Bank, Report No. 55383, 28 June 2010 (pages 2-3) say “By the early 1980s, external shocks (oil crises, low coffee prices, drought, and war with Uganda) and deficient economic policy caused an economic crisis that needed to be resolved through economic restructuring and recovery. Tanzania 's relationship, however, with the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) was tense because of differing perspectives on the root causes of the economic crisis and how to handle it.