Due to the natural hazard and human activity, Somalia suffered devastated instability. After cold war the United States had heavily engagement with serious implications in Africa. It is within the structure of new development in that area and competition with its old allies, that US change his policy and emphasizes on economic imperatives,
Even though, Africa was already developed, Europeans lied about them as savage backwards people when such a reality did not exist, “In complexity and prosperity, many African societies compared with those of Europe and Central America” (Clark, pg. 15). Africa had commerce and weren’t just primitive rural people (Lect. 2, 1/22). The Portuguese in West Africa found a thriving commerce of slave trade.
The social division of the population was interpreted by Europeans as being based on racial differences between Hutu and Tutsi, thus introducing fundamental discord between the two that had never existed before. The Belgian regime emphasized the excellence of the so called Tutsi race even more than their German predecessors and took them into service in order to oppress the Hutu. The Concept of Colonizers and Missionaries of Hutu and Tutsi Identity the missionaries who have been active in Rwanda, the Roman Catholics White Fathers from 1900 and the Protestants from 1907 onwards, have followed the concepts of race developed by Western social sciences in the course of the nineteenth century. With reference to a famous study by Edith Sanders, it be may state that the word ‘race’ was a favorite term in the language of the enlightenment. The presupposition was that the European race was to be considered superior to the rest of humankind.
This sense of racial dominance offers insight into the Western justification of their brutal treatment of natives –ruling through violence and intimidation rather than diplomacy. Moreover, as native Africans are degraded in the background, the wicked imperialistic operations of European companies lowered the moral standards for arbitrating the evil and madness of their
On October 1, 1990, RPF (Rwandan Patriotic Front) invaded Rwanda for their "democracy, good governance and the right of refugees displaces from earlier violence to return to Rwanda." This was said to have started the Rwandan Civil War, where they had help from the Ugandan government who demanded to share power. The Rwandan Society was characterized by ethnic and political tensions that were shared throughout the entire population. The ecosystem that they lived in was a root cause for the political system. The areas where agriculture was sustainable, were all occupied by Hutu Kingdoms and it wasn't accepted for them.
During the succession of periodization Five (1750 C.E.-1900 C.E.) leading into periodization Six (1900-present day), there were many causes and consequences of new imperialism in Africa. New imperialism was caused due to the Europeans’ desire to acquire new land and resources, along with the introduction of social darwinism. The consequences of new imperialism were the denial of natural rights to Africans, as well as the religion of Christianity rising to become a more eminent feature of African society. To begin with, Europeans believed that in order to build on their acquisitions and improve the availability of new resources they would need to conquer Africa.
Statism was therefore adopted in Cameroon under Amadu Ahidjo as the solution to fight against discrimination, poverty, marginalization and consequently the best way to handle the post-colonial state and has also been used by the present regime headed by Biya to foster integration especially with the marginalization of the English-speaking part of the country. Fifty years after independence, statism as a development model has produced the opposite of its result in Cameroon. It has led to a highly centralized system with power concentrated in the hands of a few, created a sophisticated bureaucracy which has ensured the continuous expansion of corruption in the country. The essay will try to examine the concept of corrupt by looking at various perspectives to the concept, investigate the cause and factors that facilitate the continuous expansion of corruption in Cameroon while taking into consideration the complex relations that are created and the different context and perceptions of corruption. The essay will examine
The advent of colonialism was a result of the aim to create the European Empire. The most dominant tools of colonialism were education, religion and colonial niceties. An often-ignored tool of colonialism was the depiction of Africa by Western literature. Previously, Eurocentric literature portrayed Africa as a barren place, one laden with bestiality and other inhumane traits. It sought to dehumanise the African people.
It changed the figure of Africa, it introduced new diseases, poverty etc. Globalization created the environment of social hierarchy and inequality but along with this globalization affected a constructive way and force for development. World economy is worldwide issue that unites economy policies of a country and develops a country. Globalization in Africa represents the economic activity of Africa and built undermines states, cities and town. Globalization in Africa focused on economic bearing, international equality and harmony.
African Christian converts were, thus, given an utopian orientation. The issue of missionaries has surfaced again in this critical period of world history where cultural interdependence is almost leading to cultural convergence. While this is taking place, Africans scholars are critical of apparent loss of cultural and institutional heritages in the camouflage of globalization. It is an unacceptable social price to pay in the name of cultural