African Conflict In Africa

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Ever since the Cold War ended, the number of conflicts around the world has increased leading to deep societal cleavages. These conflicts have exhibited themselves in various forms such as, ethnic conflicts, inter-state wars, intra-state conflicts and extra-state wars. Inter-state wars have dwindled whereas intra-state conflicts have increased, a bulk of them unfolding along ethnic lines (Väyrynen, 1999, p. 125; Shoup, 2008, p. 7). The end of the Cold War generated a plethora of ethnic conflicts on the African continent in addition to conflicts stemming from contested borders and boundaries. Border disputes have become part of the unfortunate legacies of Africa as they have been afflicted by a horde of quandaries that straddle villages, communities,…show more content…
Its tentacles of destruction reach out to every corner of the world. From the Balkans region to the Middle East, and even stretching as far as Asia and Northern Ireland and countless other places, becoming perchance one of the most significant sources of conflict in the post-cold war era (Christie, 1998; Caselli & Coleman, 2002). Monty and Gurr highlight, an amalgamation of poverty, weak states and weak institutions are the core causes of African conflicts (2005). Borders in Africa have also played a noteworthy role in conflict intensification. By and large, they have been observed as a barrier to peaceful relations among communities (Aswaju & Nugent, 1996). It is believed that haphazard colonial borders contribute greatly to the mushrooming of ethnic conflicts which, after the independence of African states, was seen as being part of the political evolution of the continent. As rife as the border disputes have been in Africa, similar conflicts have been noted in Asia between India and Pakistan as well in Europe between Russia and Kazakhstan, Ukraine, and Russia border dispute over the Tuzla Island, just to mention but a…show more content…
The general understanding of inter-ethnic conflicts in Kenya is that, it has been sparked by ethno-nationalism and socio-economic gains (Okoth & Ogot 2000). In the wake of multiparty politics, ethnic conflicts broke out in various parts of the country. Ethnic conflicts were experienced by the Bukusu and Sabaot communities in Bungoma, the Gabbra and Dassenetch in Marsabit county, the Luo and Abagusii in Migori , the Kalenjin and Kikuyu communities in Rift valley and several conflicts between pastoralists communities (Akiwumi, 1999). Similar tensions have been experienced between the Kalenjin and Luo communites along the Kisumu-Nandi border (Saferworld, 2015; Akiwumi 1999; Mercy Corps,

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