Its impacts can make a vicious circle. Poor developing countries have high levels of crime, which thus wreck further improvement. Crime undermines improvement in various ways in African Countries. It dissolves social and human capital: It encourages skilled individuals to emigrate, demolishes trust relations between residents and makes them
Especially, Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade (Triangular Slave Trade) not only highly affected the continent but also left it with sophisticated disputes for the continuing generation because it depopulated the continent and morally undermined the peoples. Since the 18th century, even though some European governments had attempted to be abolished slave trade activities by laws; the more bad condition (colonization) could come to replace the slave trade and other trade activities. The reason is that the objective of the slave trade was to use African labor outside Africa; whereas that of colonization was to exploit their labor on their own land, in Africa, and to get the market for industrial commodities. Colonization affected the African histories, cultures and traditions and identities, and shaped the societies with European modes of life. Due to this, Africans were considered as uncivilized societies that had already psychologically and morally marginalized the people.
In the colonialism era each continent played its role, Europe and some of the Asian were the one taking over/ colonizing the other continents in order for them to start developing by others continents resources. Because Europe is the poorest continent in terms of natural resources and even though Asia has natural resources they were searching for free labour force, known as slavery. In America the natives were indians so they killed most of the indians and started taking over their continent like it was their own continent, so some of them started developing nationalism for the continent, so they started developing and also competing with Europe, China and Japan in the market. But in Africa it was different, because they started entering in the continent as friends and started making agreements, because Africa is a very rich continent so its leaders were more careful. So Europians were making negotiations but this was not what they wanted, they wanted to control the continent and its resources because Africa is the richest continent in natural resources and europians were very ambitious so they started making africans be their slaves because, africans are very hardworking people and they needed free labour force they started slaves traffic and taking africans’s resources.
“Disgrace” by J.M. Coetzee is a novel that shows how colonization has effected African culture and the way African society was structured after the end of Apartheid and how whites and native Africans act when their roles are reversed. J.M. Coetzee’s, “Disgrace”, shows how the stereotype of the African savage is false by showing what happens when the roles of the white colonists and the African population is reversed. During the time of early colonization of Africa the invading white colonists would kill or destroy the male population and would rape and integrate the female population.
The Europeans ignorant ideals of what Africa is and how the people of Africa are. Their ignorant thinking of Africans supposed barbarism and savagery, their superiority complex that lead them into thinking that they would be better suited to rule over these unruly, undeserving and unequipped to handle the rich resources that Africa had to offer. This ignorant mind set is ever so present in Kurtz. This point is made ever so clear in Chinua Achebe’s “An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s Hear of Darkness”. In it Achebe points out: “Students of Heart of Darkness will often tell you that Conrad is concerned not so much of Africa as with the deterioration of one European mind caused by solitude and sickness … that the point of the story is to ridicule Europe’s civilising mission of Africa.” In this statement Achebe’s is referring to Kurtz.
For many years racism and colonialism have been the reality of the world. Both were used to advance the idea that one race was superior to another, the blacks being inferior to the whites. The Atlantic Slave trade headed the notion of colonialism, the whites believed it was their duty to civilize the blacks as they were seen as ‘untamed beasts’ that needed to be colonized. This resulted in a number of whites exploiting the blacks to gain wealth whilst, the blacks lost everything (families, identities and even their lives). The whites were skilled at manipulating to the point that some blacks believed their views as they often found ways to justify their actions.
Although Nigeria has now attained liberation, the civil leaders continue to overpower and suspend the human rights of the people to magnify their power. Countries such as Sudan and Zimbabwe have been described to experience server human rights violations daily. Kenya has shocking statics relating to human rights violations in the country. These violations have come about despite the various declarations and charters intended to protect and support human rights in Africa and
society without being involved in history and politics. Salim moved from east coast to center in an opposite direction as the people were likely to move from center to east coast or other directions. The center of Africa represented the heart of Africans and Salim thought, he could move into heart of Africans by moving to center. Through Salim’s consciousness, Naipaul portrayed the oddities and complexities that prevailing in the African ex-colonies. Like a war reporter the novelist effectively reported the tragic vision of the mutilation and fragmentation of the sensibilities of the people amidst the violence and disorder.
Many countries, ruled by the Europeans, have struggled to secure their individuality; they eventually succeeded getting the freedom. Africa is not allowed to get its real freedom. And again Africa which seems to suffer the pain as the European culture has started to emerge, the cultural and tradition of Africa has started to submerge. It causes many local feuds and the ethnic groups continually went up against the new system. The settlers who are all already far from their native, original culture and individuality and it is inflexible for them to adapt in Africa and it is got even worse as the African society itself gone through new cultures.
It destroy lives, causes incredible pain, suffering and eventually will undermine Africa 's future by chasing away ceaselessly abilities and undercutting the gains. Crime is caused by the high unemployment rate, poverty in African countries and also the children that they do not have parents or guidance. The government must try and increase the number of police so that they can fight crime. BIBLIOGRAPHY • Anon.2011. Poverty and Crime: Breaking the vicious cycle.