Percussion Instruments - Xylophone is a set of wooden bats which is struck with sticks or padded mallets. The word xylophone originated from the Greek words ‘xylon’ and ‘phonē’ which means ‘wood’ and ‘sound’. - Glockenspiel is an instrument which is made up of a set of tuned keys in the fashion of the keyboard of a piano. The glockenspiel is smaller and higher in pitch. - The tambourine is an instrument which consists of a wooden or plastic frame with pairs of metal jingles called zils.
The sound is enriched with solo lines and harmony parts played by a variety of orchestral instruments, such as harp, violin, viola, cello, trumpet, saxophone, trombone, clarinet, flugelhorn, French horn, tuba, English horn, oboe, flute (sometimes especially the alto flute and occasionally bass flute), piccolo, timpani and synth strings or a full-blown string orchestra. Drum machine is one of the instrument that using in disco music. Musical characteristic of Disco music Most disco songs have a steady four-on-the-floor beat, a quaver or semi-quaver hi-hat pattern with an open hi-hat on the off-beat, and a heavy, syncopated bass line. This basic beat would appear to be related to the Dominican merengue rhythm. Other Latin rhythms such as the rhumba, the samba and the cha-cha-cha are also found in disco recordings, and Latin polyrhythms, such as a rhumba beat layered over a merengue, are commonplace.
The first of them is culture, which is thought to be fairly ample in social tradition. African American culture was constantly recognized by solid family relations, close transaction and backing towards one another among the individuals from their social gathering. Every one of these elements helps to characterize African American community from some other one. It is clear that culture is one of the crucial parts of individuals ' life that serves to recognize a community, and its principle elements of advancement. Black character improvement has been connected to the degree to which youngster’s partner with the cultural setting of being Black.
It often has a complex African percussion to give the song an underlying groove. But the most important and prominent instrument in giving the groove is the clave, which is two wooden sticks that are hit together to make a sound. (History of Salsa Music and
They classify their musical instruments in term of gender role. Male often use instruments called the xul. Men blow xul to sound. On the other hand, female often use idiophones which is self-sounder such as marimba, and spiked vessel rattles. Plucking belongs to female category among Maya, however this action came from stringed instruments which was introduced from Europe.
African nations have cultural practices and understandings that are not always broadcasted to Western civilization. Olaudah Equiano shares a glimpse of his experience as an African man living through turmoil. Equiano's life and understanding show us that there is much more to African culture and history than might be believed if research is done through reading or film-watching as Africa is. African history is like a case study that requires ton of research. Thankfully, Equiano gives us a first-hand experience of African life, opening the eyes of all who read his biography.
The drummer plays a rhythm, and the dancer responds in a "freestyle" manner. Men and women both participated in this dance, but do not dance in a partner form or touch at all.(Donna). Improvisation plays an indispensable role in these styles of Afro-Caribbean drum-dance music. It is embodied in the seemingly unpredictable and dynamic lead roles of the repique (solo drumming), the floreo (body movements of the dancer in response to the drum solo), and the soneo (improvised lyrics of the lead singer in the call and response section). As per wardrobe men usually wear all white and fedora hat and women wear plantation shirts and a head scarf (Bofill).
Music very heavily affects our entertainment and media, but often one does not think much about the variety of instruments used in orchestrations such as movie soundtracks. These many instruments are divided into families (and in some systems, families of families.) For the most part, instruments are classified by aesthetic, and the way they produce sound, sometimes, however, instruments do not always fit neatly into a specific family- these anomalies having the characteristics of two or more families. Let us focus on some of the most widely recognized families, being: the brass family, the string family, the woodwind family, and the percussion family. The brass family also called labrosones (lip vibrated instruments), produce sound by what
Samba also has verses and choruses formed with syncopation and interlocking between the main melody line and the accompaniment. The instruments Surdos, caixas, tamborins, cuica, reco-reco and agogo usually will have their own part and they interlock and compliment each other. Sometimes, the might have an accompaniment by a guitar, cavaquinho (a 4 string guitar) or brass instrument. (McGowan and Pessanha 21) “Pelo Telefone” or On The Telephone was the first ever Samba styled song to record and register but there were some controversies as to whether it is the first-true samba recorded. Nowadays, musicologists point to “Pelo Telefone” as a Samba-maxixe and it was a hit Carnaval composition in
Introduction: Ethnomusicologist Dr. Ashok Ranade has described folk music as music of people, by people and for people. He has centred the entire definition of music around people which shows the importance of audience in folk music. Songs sung by people since generations which have percolated down to other generations is a vital element. These songs are “by people” which shows that these songs were written and composed by common people who did not have any knowledge of classical music. While Rabindranath Tagore has described it is music created by masses in excitable way in shaping the melodies in excitable language.