Blues music had a special role in creating the genre. It is characterized by swing and blue notes, call and response vocals, polyrhythms and improvisation. Typical instruments are: horns, keyboards, bass, drums, guitar and vocals. Although it was mainly created by black experience in United States, many other cultures have developed the genre in various ways (for example white musicians created 'White Jazz' subgenre, having their own traditions and influences). Miles Davis and Louis Amstrong were very influential jazz musicians.
History of Jazz music Jazz is music genre that originated from New Orleans in the early 20th century. A major port city, people from all over the world, of different ethnic groups came together and as a result, musicians were exposed to a variety of music (Verity, 2016). Jazz was born out of and evolved from the African American experience in the United States. Jazz evolved from slave and religious folk songs and its originators were primarily African American (Dyas, 2016). However, its roots can be traced from the musical traditions of Africa and Europe.
My favorite song containing improvisation from the jazz genre is called “Blue Train” by John Coltrane. Looking further into time, it is clear that both European traditional and African traditional have combined influence into the style of jazz. For example, later on jazz does have pitched
Minimalist music is enhanced in both art and music like in expressionism. Other music styles were also influenced by Minimalist music like Pop, Techno, Ambient, Punk etc. Progressive Rock, Experimental Rock, Alternative Rock also used repetitive structures in their music. In a more broad and general sense, minimalism in the paintings, architecture and other arts influenced music. Music is generally made up with single rhythm repetition and iteration such as those of the compositions of La Monte Young, Terry Riley, Steve Reich, Philip Glass and John Adams.
New Orleans is undoubtedly the birthplace of jazz. As the magic of jazz brought about a new period in music history, and legends emerged, jazz quickly took on many forms and incarnations around the country. The originators and pioneers in New Orleans kept the original seed alive in what came to be known as “Dixieland Jazz.” New Orleans was the right place and the right time for jazz. Immigrants to the city in the late 19th century brought their traditions of brass bands with them: marching in parades, providing music for funerals, performing at community events. Most of those bands were all-white, however, and others were limited within specific ethnic communities (Italians, Croatians, Germans, etc.).
According to Nero (n.d) Rhythm and blues is a term used to describe the blues-influenced form of music predominantly performed by African Americans since late 1930’s. Jerry Wexler was the first person to introduce the term Rhythm and Blues in the billboard magazine (Sacks, 1993). However, according to Cohn(1993) the term ‘Race music’ was first used to describe this type of music and been changed into Rhythm and Blues after the world war because it was deemed to be offensive. R&B music can be said to be an evolution of blues music and only contrasted when R&B music tends to have more volume and intensity compared to blues music to suit the condition. This is done so by introducing new instruments such as electric guitar and bass (Cahoon, 2004).
One of the exciting things about the story is how the art of jazz is captures during Baldwin’s era. The story has a variety of themes which mostly move around and reflect on forms of suffering. For example, in one of the themes, Baldwin shows how important music is in bringing change and understanding within relationships yet in another, he tells how guilt can lead to suffering. “Sonny’s Blues” and “Going to meet the Man” are two short stories where Baldwin’s work is unique and
Jazz and modern dance are two different genres of dance. Jazz dance started in the early 1700’s in Africa and was brought to America through the slave trade. Two pioneers that influenced jazz dance were Jack Cole and Katherine Dunham. Jack Cole was called “the Father of theatrical jazz dance” and is remembered as the prime creator of the jazz heritage. Katherine Dunham was known for her leadership of African American jazz dance and started her own dance company.
Funk is an important music genre that began in the 1960s as an African-American music style where musicians created a new rhythmic form of music through a mixture of soul songs, jazz music and R&B. Funk minimizes melody and harmony and creates strong rhythmic patterns of electric bass, along with the drums and also a vocal style drawn from soul music. Funk songs are usually formed on a prolonged vamp on a particular chord, which effectively distinguishes them from soul music and R&B songs as these are normally based on complex chord progressions. The lyrics are commonly spiritual themes and social commentary. James Brown is generally considered the first artist to present funk in a complete form, and would not have done so without the influence
Furthermore, they didn’t only take ideas from the French but also from the Cubans. The Senegalese managed to take possession of Cuban roots and created a music of their own. They proved that Europe and North America weren’t the only reference point they had concerning cultural