Afrofuturism In Jazz Music

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As I will study Afrofuturism and music in the 21st century, it is important to look at the historical and musical background of Afrofuturism in the 20th century in order to get a good image of the history of Afrofuturism. There are different musical genres and artists that can be associated with this term. I will give some examples of musical genres and artists that were involved in the Afrofuturistic music.

Jazz is the first musical genre that will be discussed. Jazz is often associated with blackness and slavery. Unsurprisingly, several jazz musicians follow the ideals of Afrofuturism. According to Davids article in 2007, Sun Ra is one of the best examples within the jazz genre. His music shares a lot of the post-human ideals. The ideas of space, the post-human, dehumanization and the future are present in his music, both in his lyrics and in the accompaniment (David, 2007). For example, he used electronic devices to produce jazz music, which was a very futuristic aspect at that time (Lewis, 2008).
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However, these feelings are not only expressed through jazz. Post-soul is also a genre that can relate to this subject. Afrofuturistic thoughts about the post-human, without any identity or subjectivity, can provide an opportunity for musicians to express their thoughts about this matter. Another form of soul associated with Afrofuturism is neo-soul. This kind of soul is aesthetically and conventionally the same as post-soul. However, there is a slight difference and to explain this I will take a neo-soul artist as an example: Erykah Badu. She is a typical neo-soul artist, not only because she creates music in this particular style. She also creates a self-conscious identity, which is the extra aspect of neo-soul (David, 2007). She uses her musical freedom to create her own identity and is therefore taking the opportunity to create her own interpretation of the

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