Mengzi’s view on human nature is that we are born good, but it can be altered if we do not continue to practice the four virtues derived from his teachings. Mengzi studied Kongzi work and has given his own spin on what he had learned. He offers more detailed instruction on how to perform certain deeds like how a ruler should rule his subjects. One of his lessons according to the book Introduction to Classical Chinese Philosophy are that profits should not be the main focus of a ruler, but instead provide enough where the people can practice the four virtues: which are divided into two primary benevolence and
369-286 BCE) and the Daozang from the Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE) and Sung Dynasty (960-1234 CE), compiled in the later Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 CE). All these writings have the same essence. According to Taoist principle, there are only individuals behaving poorly. There is conviction that people are good hearted naturally but just require reminders about their nature to seek uprightness over vices. Provided they are educated and guided, anyone can achieve goodness.
Confucianism is a belief or an idea. The purpose of this was to show people how to be in harmony with their place in life. Legalism is a ruling made by Shi Huangdi, who was a strict ruler in china. The purpose of this ruling was to get the people of china to follow the rule, and if they didn’t there was a very harsh punishment. Although confucianism and legalism have some similarities, but the differences between the two are amazingly clear.
Daoism strongly believes every living thing including bugs are equal. Confucianism believes that people eventually with following Confucianism beliefs and becoming a gentleman then you are perfect and equal to everyone. Another conflict or difference between the two philosophies is order. While Daoism doesn’t believe in order, it’s a strong part of Confucianism. Confucianism believes in following order and tradition and doing that will make you a better, even
By fulfilling his duties to the people, a just and benevolent ruler would then be justified to rule by the Mandate of Heaven. Although both Confucius and Mencius have a lot in common with regards to governance, the two do have varying opinions on certain matters such as the legitimacy when rulers are overthrown, and the relationship between the ruler and his people. In precedence to coming up with policies and administrative measures, one has to first consider the issue of human nature as it plays an essential role in the development of a state 's political system. In the Confucian philosophy, the belief is that goodness is innate in humans and that everyone shares this same trait [子曰：“性相近也，习相远也。”] (Analects, 17.2). Mencius further elaborated on this doctrine by stating that it is mankind’s natural tendency to be kind to others, just as water would naturally flow downwards (Mencius, 6A2).
Confucians heavily emphasized bettering the community through active learning. On the other hand, Daoists prefer a more passive approach where they withdrew themselves from the problem in order to solve it (Benjamin 9). Also, unlike Confucius, the Daoists thought about the metaphysical, such as whether or not death is really something to be feared (Benjamin 9). Nature is a large focus in Daoism, something to be respected, while Confucians emphasize respect towards humans (Benjamin 9). Even so, both Daoism and Confucianism values are adopted by many of the modern day Chinese, where they will be Confucians in the workplace and Daoists when they get some time to explore their inner selves (Benjamin
“Why should I reject the desires and influential elders, who are all a part of the people, to build a constitutional republic” (Chen, 1). Rather than Western influences continuing to change the Chinese landscape, he believes they should look to their elders who can begin to teach the youth how to merge the older customs with the advancements from the West. By combining two aspects of tradition and being able to let them work with each other, national strength will begin to increase again which will restore nationalism and the confidence of
The Tao is not a thing and it is not seen like a God because it is not worshipped, it is more of a system of guidance. It is best described as “developing oneself so as to live in complete conformity with the teaching of the Tao.” Daoism is a religion of opposites and unity. It is where yin and yang started and the principal of it is it sees the world as filled with complementary forces. Daoism practices include meditation, which is concentration or mindfulness or visualization. Another practice is Feng Shui which is the study of creating elements that are aligned with the natural flow of the universe.
Confucius who lived from 551-479 BC, was a Chinese teacher and philosopher. He emphasized on personal morality, the way in which social relationships should be approached and many more such as justice. He had strong loyalty to his family and has huge respect of elders. A huge saying that has lived on for years is his principle “Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself”, which will be discussed throughout this essay. The Analects is a text structured by a group of Confucius followers which noted key terms of ethical perspectives.