He was the king of Ithaca (Staiger), so it can be inferred that he had a good reputation. His wife was Penelope, and they had a son, Telemachus (Staiger). Odysseus dreams of going home, and is forlorn when he is trapped on Calypso’s island (Homer 717-718). He fears losing Penelope, which is shown when he kills all of her suitors and weeps with joy when they are finally reunited (Homer 778, 779, 783, 784). Odysseus fits the Trickster archetype; he maneuvers situations cleverly and is a strategist, which are his strengths.
Homer shows King Alcinous and his treatment of Odysseus before Polyphemus is introduced and this skews what we would of thought of Polyphemus. Before King Alcinous could react to Odysseus, a Phaeacian Lord complained to him how, “This is no way, Alcinous. How indecent, look,/ our guest on the ground [...]Come, raise him up and seat the stranger now,/ in a silver studded chair [...] suppliants’ rights are sacred”(Homer 8.189-190).This sets the mood of how strangers should be
Despite the similarities in their usage of different arts, the painting and poem illustrate two completely different themes. In the poem, Penelope is sarcastic when saying that “they will call [Odysseus] brave”, meaning that she feels she should get the praise instead of Odysseus for keeping everything under control. Conversely, the painting shows a country engulfed in complete mayhem, suitors out of control, ineffective servants, and a distraught
After Odysseus dodged the throw, his son threatens and reprimands him. “Ktesippos, lucky for you, by heaven, not have hit him! …else you’d have my lance-head in your belly” (385). Telemakhos’ ability to stand up to the insults and deal with the suitors is quite mature. One time when a suitor provoked him with jokes about his friends, saying that he should throw him into a slave ship, Telemakhos simply ignored them.
Whether if they were written as sirens to lure men to their death or strong females that help them on their way. Penelope is Odysseus’ wife who is faced with many suitors in her home on Ithaca. She is a very powerful woman in this epic being that she is married to Odysseus and is the mother of his son, Telemachus. Since Odysseus has not returned from the war and is assumed dead, many suitors try to replace him by taking Penelope's hand in marriage and Odysseus' property. She has been holding them off by making the excuse that she must first finish weaving a shroud for
Throughout Sophocles’ tragic play, Antigone, main characters King Kreon and Antigone dramatically argue without compromise over the recently deceased brother of Antigone, Polynices. Antigone, while attempting to mourn for her family, symbolically buries Polynices, going against the King’s decree (93-100). Out of anger, and an effort to establish his power, Kreon sentences her to an undeserving death just because she decided to respect her kin (441-496). In this case, I sympathize with Antigone more than Kreon because she peacefully acted on her beliefs knowing the consequences at stake. It takes a lot to stand up for what you believe in, especially knowing that the outcome will not bode well for you.
Women’s roles in society of the modern era have the potential to greatly vary due to factors such as political beliefs, religious assertions, filial status, and much more; this was rarely the case in times of yore. In Robert Fitzgerald’s translation of Homer’s The Odyssey, a hero, Odysseus, journeys for twenty years. His crime was showing disrespect to the gods of Olympus, and his travels were the punishment for his insolence. After he has paid repentance for his wrongdoing, Odysseus is finally able to return to his home of Ithaca to see his wife, Penelope, and Telemachus, his son, once more. Within the lines and stanzas of this epic, we also see the roles women represent in Ancient Greece.
In Sophocles’ Antigone, what appears to be a Greek tragedy story is filled with several central ideas that holds weigh even in our modern times. In Antigone, Sophocles explored the concept of civil disobedience, Devine laws versus laws of man or the state, and the price of pride. As a prequel to Oedipus the King, Antigone suffers the ramification of her father’s curse as she is false to defy her king in an attempt to honor her fallen brother. Although Antigone’s main goal was to honor Polyneices, she also defied Creon for personal honor, because she believes she “will suffer nothing as great as death without glory” (5). As selfish as it may seem, her personal honor is the reward of honoring Polyneices against King Creon’s edict.
Fagles’ translation of The Odyssey does more showing than telling because it describes the events of the books to their full extent. He achieves showing by using descriptive words to keep the passage going, instead of just saying what happened with a few non-descriptive, bland words that do not describe at all. Odysseus has finally returned home, just to find many suitors for Penelope. Odysseus is outraged, so he confronts Penelope’s most prominent suitor, Antinous. Odysseus gripped his bow, “Odysseus aimed and shot Antinous square in the throat and the point went stabbing clean through the soft neck and out… food showered across the floor, the bread and meats soaked in a swirl of bloody filth.”(440).
The chorus even realizes “the mighty words of the proud are paid in full with the almighty blows of fate and at long last these blows will reach us wisdom” in reference to Creon’s excessive pride (Pg. 128). The third reason Creon illustrates the tragic hero of Antigone is because his son Haemon and the citizens of Thebes disagree with him. Haemon thinks Creon should not “be so single minded, self-involved or assume the world is wrong and [he is] right. By stating this, Haemon shows he believes Creon should take others opinion into account (Pg.95).