In Greek culture honor and shame is everything to them. With honor brings great joy, but with shame disgrace us brought upon the person and their family. The Iliad opens up with this line, “Sing, goddess, the anger of Peleus’ son Achilleus and its devastation, which put pains thousandfold upon the Achaians” (75). This summarizes the whole story of the Iliad, that Achilleus will becomes greatly angered which will bring horrible atrocities upon the Achaians.
It is an almost universal taboo to shoot the messenger and a deep level of contempt is reserved for those who do. Contempt Machiavelli argues is something to be avoided. “A shrewd prince will lay his foundations on what is under his own control... He should simply take pains not to be hated” (Machiavelli 47). This is the establishment of a theme that Machiavelli continues through the rest of the book, the theme distilled is that a loathed prince cannot remain in power for his people will not support someone they hate and welcome his demise.
In Homer’s The Iliad, epic hero Achilles serves as an example of how rage, when unchecked, leads to disastrous repercussions. Achilles, though nearly superhuman in his physical abilities, struggles repeatedly to contain his anger. Throughout The Iliad, as Achilles’ fury compounds, the consequences of his actions become catastrophic, eventually leading to the death of his best friend, Patroclus. Although Achilles ultimately chooses to avenge Patroclus’ death and achieve his own kleos, or honor, his rage-driven actions lead to the death of many Achaean soldiers, and change the course of his fate.
Written by Homer, The Iliad, portrays the life of Achilles, and how the Greek Hero allowed anger to overwhelm his decision making. Complications arise when anger leads to hate, pride, or suffering, and Achilles life illustrates the results of anger. Throughout the book anger slowly consumes Achilles and significantly changes results of the Trojan War. Causing him to act foolishly, Achilles’ anger brought harm upon many Greek people. Also, The Iliad teaches that anger caused a downfall to Achilles’ life.
This quote, from Brutus, means that his own thoughts and conflicts overwhelm him. In addition, his thoughts and conflicts refer to his idea that if Caesar becomes king, that he will end up harming or endangering Rome. Brutus believes killing Caesar, results to the only solution to help and protect Rome, which relates back to his conflict. Overall, Brutus’ internal conflict involves deciding to kill Caesar, or not, because he does not necessarily want to kill Caesar, but sees it as the only way to protect Rome and its people. His love for Rome and the Roman people proves greater than his love for Caesar, who he somewhat looks to as a friend.
Through the repetition, it is clear that he is determined about his viewpoint and expresses self-destructive behaviors that inhibit Oedipus and as a result, he starts recapping the events repeatedly in his mind. The word “misery” negatively connotes his performance and thus indicating that Oedipus is degrading himself as he believes he is not worthy of happiness, love and is exceedingly embarrassed about himself and the influence he brought upon his people. Therefore, he states that nobody should ever look at his“misery.” Oedipus is eager to distort his perception of himself from a pride man with a successful future transforming it into complete
It could be said that he is not a hero because after he defeats Polyphemus, he yells to him, “If I could take your life I would and take your time away, and hurl you down to hell! The god of earthquake could not heal you there!”(479-481). By saying this, he was challenging a god and belittling Poseidon's power, which does not aline with Greek values. Still, this does not make Odysseus less of a hero. What he said was wrong, but he was punished and he changed his ways.
And at its climax, the chorus, representing his Theban people, disavowed King Oedipus and his contributions to Thebes saying it would have been better without him. These acts combined drive the humiliated Oedipus towards self-punishment, exile, and to his piteous, shameful fate. Sophocles in Oedipus the King puts the idea of truth and knowledge in the spotlight of Greek and modern audiences. Although Oedipus himself meets a collectively negative end, the power of truth is revealed through his misery. Some things are best left to the Gods rather than in the minds of men, it would have been to Oedipus’ ignorant bliss.
However, Machiavelli suggest that “when Prince and Minister are upon this footing they can mutually trust one another; but when the contrary is the case, it will always fare ill with one or other of them” (Machiavelli 63). Due to his hypocrisy and stubbornness, the brave soldiers of the country of Thebes are afraid him to report to him, and his wise subjects refuse to advise him. Creon’s inflexible mind and behavior provoke a clash between him and his subjects which would ultimately lead to his
Book Twenty-Four of The Odyssey opens with an interesting scene between the ghosts of Achilles and Agamemnon, in which Agamemnon describes the death and the funeral of Achilles. In this encounter, in which Agamemnon relates the death as well as the funeral of Achilles, Agamemnon demonstrates the Achaeans’ value of honor and glory in death. Homer reveals this value through Agamemnon’s praise of Achilles death in battle as well as through the character’s disdain with his own murder at the hands of Aegisthus, which did not bring any glory to Agamemnon. Furthermore, this scene also demonstrates the importance of a proper funeral, as Agamemnon dwells on the games that Thetis held in honor of her son, Achilles, a privilege that Agamemnon did
The Oresteia: The Metaphorical Portrayal of Men and Women The Oresteia is a collection of three tragedies written by Aeschylus for an Athenian tragedy competition in 458 BCE. This trilogy tells the story of a family who is caught up in a whirl of death all caused by the same motivation: revenge. All the dramatic murders end up leading to a civilized justice system being created instead of having people take matters into their own hands. Throughout the plays, Aeschylus portrays women characters as evil and powerful and male characters as weak, which eventually causes their death.
When observing the series of events that transpire throughout the course of The Oresteia, the three plays, we do see something of a fixation on revenge, taking vengeance for being wronged in many different scenarios, many of them resulting in deaths. In many of these situations, vengeance serves as their form of justice, though whether they are one and the same is the question. The expression goes that "An eye for an eye makes the world go blind" but another saying says that "Justice is blind". Do these people truly feel that revenge is justice? “Agamemnon” is the first of the trilogy and tells the tale of the return of King Agamemnon from the Trojan War.
The Four Great Themes are found in both the Iliad and the Odyssey. The themes; coming of age, fate, “hospitality” and women are all portrayed in some way throughout both Epics. Coming of Age is the main theme of the “Telemachy” but there are many other episodes to be noted throughout the Iliad and the Odyssey. One episode in the Iliad of Coming of Age occurs between Achilles and Thetis. Starting on page 161, line 117, Achilles states, “Yes, the warlord Agamemnon angered me.