Her focus is wholly on the issue of gender but both writers accentuate the idea of the existence of a dominant and subordinate party through the social construction of what can be termed as being superior or inferior. Judith Lorber exemplifies her arguments through the use of Saudi Arabia where the women are forced to hide under veils because the men think of them as being the weaker party (Lorber 74). Lorber’s version of oppression, although specific to gender, supports Collins view that “the both/and position of simultaneously being oppressed and oppressor becomes conceptually impossible" (Lorber 73) as women are the oppressed while the men are the oppressors and not once do the roles
Gender inequality is a social justice issue that is prominent in several societies as it is a direct reflection of the systematic power distribution amongst the two binary genders. This form of inequality is reflected through a set of adverse behaviours projected from one individual to another, known as domestic violence. Individuals perform the identities that is associated with their gender role because it is what is culturally acceptable within their given society. Judith Butler’s theory of ‘Gender as a Performance’ depicts that the practices that individuals repeat and perform assure the elements that an identity is composed of. This theory is an embodiment of domestic violence as it establishes the inequality amongst the different genders, by allowing the male to perform his dominance, causing the female to feel inferior to this.
Each issue has a significant part that it plays in the society. Gender inequality, being one of the most distressing societal issue, prevails so as to establish a division of labor between the two genders which, consecutively, leads to stabilization of the society. One of the most common stereotypical example is that women are the nurturer whereas men are the provider for the family. The fundamental need for any human being is food, water, shelter, etc. Stability of these needs are provided by managing the social order in society.
I agree that we all experience life differently and that our gender, race, economic status makes a difference to our treatment in society. It goes without saying that people experience benefits and treatment differently. I guess the question is whether stratifying gender, race, and religion on a micro level makes a difference. Is it important to break down the differences that exist as it relates to discrimination? In order to ensure that everyone understands and empathizes as it relates to discrimination you have to identify how discrimination occurs and who it’s happening to.
When men occupy a superior position, they have the power to control women and their lives. Men determine the likelihoods of women to access opportunities, such as form of education, public facility, career, etc. The power men have over women later gives rise to gender problems between them, which is known as gender discrimination. Hosseini’s‘A Thousands Splendid Suns’ is a novel that shows the plight of women who suffer from gender discrimination in a strong patriarchal society of Afghanistan. With the feminist theory and women’s problems as the background, we are able to see that gender discrimination depicted in the novel is complex.
Feminists have recognized the factor of gender differentiation as the root cause of women’s derogatory status in the hierarchical order of most of the societies. Kate Millet in her seminal book, Sexual Politics, defines gender as a, “Personality, structure in terms of sexual category.” 10 Gender differs from sex, as sex is assigned based on anatomy of a person, while gender is assigned according to the sexuality of a person. Gender is decided by cultural, social, political and economic forces, which influence social behavior of men and women. Gender is a historical force also because we find gender bias pre-existent in the society. As soon as, a birth takes place, child gets a gender identity of a male or a female.
Differences in men’s and women’s speech People will consciously and unconsciously perform each identity. Language is a form of performance. The conventions of linguistic behaviour of men and women are strained from the performance of the felt and desired gender identity of a person. The above-mentioned conventions are based on natural discourse of the genders as well as on the ideologies of gendered speech behaviour within a society. Feminist movements realized that language was one of the instruments of female oppression by males.
The definition of discrimination is observing people’s or a groups’ dissimilarities, holding main differences against these people or groups and making them exposed to judge and sexism, racism and other forms of discrimination in cultures can’t be eliminated without changing the culture itself.Like Charlotte Bunch 's quote "Sexual, racial, gender violance and other forms of dicrimination in culture can not be eliminated without changing culture." As I stated in its description, discrimination is the experience of bias which people can’t change and can’t choose. In our lives, women are unfortunately all being exposed to discrimination due to their gender. Simply being a man or a woman is changing the way that how a person is being treated by society and sadly, most of the time, the difference is extreme. There is only one question at this point that we are not able to answer yet: Why does sexual discrimination exist?
Men are also faced with gender inequalities and gender role that they are forced to live up to my society. Men’s gender roles and inequalities should be taken into consideration, just like women’s inequalities are taken into consideration. At times no matter how many protests are held or how many posters are put up about gender inequalities, traditional concepts or methods are still derailing society. And that is why traditionally gender equality rules have been considered to be mainly as a “women’s issue” – as women have been a driving force behind gender equality approaches and struggles. This view has contributed to the awareness that women are the only ones who will benefit from a more equal
But overall this journal provide information of interest to feminist criticism in international law itself It can be concluded that sex and gender differences is important to show where the God-given and construct society. God-given is the provision of equality of women and men. While people shape gender inequality pose for one person. This causes the system of power in which the privileged men over women. Feminism is a wave of criticism as a new theory.