Ageing Policy

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Many countries in Asia like Malaysia became active in considering and reviewing policies on ageing and on older persons after participating in the First World Assembly on Ageing, and started concretising their action plans by drawing from the 1982 Vienna International Plan of Action on Ageing and subsequently from the 1992 Proclamation on Ageing of the United Nations, and various other internationally agreed principles. However, most countries in Asia, till very recently, did not have a long-term perspective on developing a clear-cut policy on older persons. It is mainly at the turn of the century that the attempts to develop sound formal national policy to meet the growing needs of older people became an important exercise. The Macau Plan…show more content…
Subsequently, many countries in Asia framed their policies and programs in line with MIPAA which outlined three priority directions: 1) older persons and development; 2) advancing health and well-being into old age; and 3) ensuring enabling and supportive environments for older persons (United Nations, 2002a).
Some countries in Asia, namely China, Japan, Singapore, Thailand and also Malaysia have taken this challenge seriously and have put policies on ageing and older persons in place in line with the priority directions of MIPAA. Broadly these include healthcare and long-term care, social protection and security, older workers and labour force participation, housing, ageing-in-place and enabling environments, intergenerational relationships, guarding against age discrimination, reducing old age poverty, to anticipate and head off future
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The government has strengthen formulation of laws, regulations and policies regarding older people, covering such areas as social security, welfare, services, hygiene, culture, education and sports, as well as the protection of the rights and interests of older people and related industries. Development plans for the aged encourage the extensive involvement of the whole society in efforts to care for the aged. China has established a new three-pillar system of social pooling, individuals accounts and voluntary supplementary corporate schemes, which is a worthy step in providing safety net to its retired workers but is still constrained in meeting the challenges of delayed implementation, lack of incentives and inability of beneficiaries to pay for contributions (Beland and Yu, 2004; Williamson and Deitelbaum,

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