During the 1960s and early 1970s, there was a shift in how Chicanos, those who “love[d] the United States for reasons Mexicans [did not] understand, while loving Mexico for reasons Americans [did not] understand,” viewed themselves and their communities. Shame and embarrassment were replaced by pride of their homeland. This paper will discuss the significance of the term ‘Chicano’ and what it means to be Chicano, which began to change during this time. Also during this time, there were many educational reforms that had a deep impact to future generations. This paper will dive into the Chicano students struggle for better educational opportunities during the late 1960s and early 1970s.
The Great Migration was the movement of 6 million African-Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest and west. How did it have an effect on there families? And how did it change their lives for the better? African Americans faced many trials from the great migration they were forced to move from their homes, they moved from the south to other parts of the country, in 1900s the had set off looking for jobs some we 're looking to get away from the racism many were looking for schools to accept them, but Chicago, Pittsburgh, Cleveland, New York and Philadelphia had all experienced a spike in population. For example Detroit had a original population of maybe 6,000 in 1910, but by 1930 this number hit 120,000.
These tests used to not determine someone's future, but for every year that goes by, these standardized tests keep getting more difficult for the average student to take. It is defining who students are and that is not what these tests should be scored on. The idea of these tests are being made to select students in a faster, easier scoring area. Thousands of students take these tests every year to determine what college or university they will go to, and for public schools, it determines whether or not they will pass their grade they have been in. These standardized testing like the SAT or ACT, make it easier to judge a student.
Arthurdale was a part of the New Deal that meant moving laborers to newly built communities for them to become less economically dependent. Due to the failure she had experienced, Eleanor had to go further and find other solutions to solve racial issues. She had met Walter White the Executive Secretary of the NAACP becoming more informed on how bad the situation was. She then started constantly reminding different government officials that action had to take place, especially after she started frequently receiving letters that would describe racial violence and the appalling conditions that African-Americans lived in only because they have a different skin colour. From Eleanor’s actions, it can be assumed that she turned it into her priority to help them, even thought it might have been harder than any of the other social policies she tried to bring about.
King has provided his opinion about education is building character. Dr. King uses his words to create an audience awareness to think for yourself isn’t the same as you may call it critical thinking. Against the common assumption that colleges should teach their students “critical reasoning,” Dr. King argues that critical thinking alone is insufficient and even dangerous. Teaching one to think critically is no small task. Most students learn by constructing knowledge based on an engaged learning process rather than by absorbing knowledge from passive sources.
Affirmative action policies promote diversity in public spaces, which will prepare students for future after graduation. This is essential because the world has become rapidly diverse, especially in the United States. Furthermore, affirmative action provides an environment for minority students in which they can have more chances to overcome their handicaps and to compete equally. From many aspects, minorities still have many obstacles to excel in this society, especially due to their socioeconomic status. Proponents of affirmative action programs assert that non-minority students blame their failure on this policy.
In addition, when Mr. Antolini who was his English teacher teaches Holden the importance of getting academic experience by going to the school, Holden did not pay so much attention to what Mr. Antolini says. But, after he goes back to home, he decides to go a school again. It means that his thought is changed through his process of constructing identity, and probably his idea towards identity is changed, too. There is one more evidence that shows his way of thinking becomes different from before. In the last chapter, he says, "I sort of miss everybody I told about" (214).
I would notice my peers looking at me and treating me differently, usually from a distance because I was not of the same race as them. At a young age, I understood that children would sometimes bully each other once in awhile, but that did not happen to me. The act of bullying instead was in a more intense form of what we would call it discrimination, which is an act of unjust or unfair due to a difference of people (Replogle 2018). Where discrimination began to play in my everyday life in school for about three years. Everywhere I went, I encountered those who would called me names and tried to mimic my Asian eyes.
The most common argument against implementing school uniforms are student’s self-expression. School uniforms may limit what a student can or not wear with it, but they still can have their own ways of self-expression. One way is by having a different hairstyle, or include accessories, or by even wearing a different style of shoes. School uniforms are the most appropriate way of students expressing themselves without breaking any dress code rules. Many students that know uniforms will be beneficial, but don’t agree with school uniforms will continue to disagree with implementing them.
More opportunities in modern day society can compensate them for centuries of slavery or oppression that occurred in the past. According to a 2008 online publication by the American Civil Liberties Union, “These programs recognize and strive to correct the barriers that continue to block the paths of many individual Americans, including women, Native Americans, Arab Americans, Latinos, Asian Americans, and African Americans. Affirmative action helps ensure equal access to opportunities and...to promote diversity in academic and professional settings, and to give each and every one of us a fair chance to compete” (“Striving for Equal”). People who support Affirmative Action believe that it can balance out racial discrimination when it is actually increasing it more than it was before the policy was put into
If I were suddenly to start attending East St. Louis schools, however, the inequalities faced by my new peers would become much more apparent. Although race appears to be the source of these inequalities, it should be noted that other factors contribute as well. For instance, if a black child came from a high class family, he could afford to attend Morris High. Likewise, a white child from a low class family might only have the option of attending a school in East St. Louis. Through Kozol’s Savage Inequalities: Children in America’s Schools, it can be observed that children like those at Morris High are taught about racial inequalities, but are not taught to recognize white privilege.
There is one particular example that I can think of in my personal life that goes along with this theme of ‘white privilege.’ I attended Northeast Guilford High School, which is a primarily African American high school. Therefore, I was the minority. Right before I transitioned from middle school to high school, the district lines in my county were ‘redrawn’ and many of the black students who used to attend Eastern Guilford that lived in the lower income housing were now being sent to Northeast. It was almost as if they wanted to pull as many of the African American students into one school because they didn’t want those students of color to be attending the same school as the rich, white students. I truly don’t believe it was just a coincidence that the district lines were redrawn to bring the few black students from a primarily white school to the primarily black school.
Coming upon my junior year of high school, educational decisions by the Jefferson County School board was slowly coming to an issue throughout the whole district. Many parents, students, and community supporters were frowning upon a particular group of people within the board that had put teachers and students at a disadvantage in education. They were re-evaluating teachers and their income for their own benefit. Teachers would be subsequently be sacrificing a chunk of their income and their work they put into the school, so that the board members and even the superintendent would have an extra raise in their salary. Along that, they were putting pressure on school administration to be tougher on students and that also inevitably made their
Supreme Court Decisions Setting Precedent Discrimination may not seen as big a problem today, but people had to fight for that problem, and court cases set precedents for today. The case of Plessy versus Ferguson and Brown versus Board of Education helped change the way we view discrimination today. The case of Plessy versus Ferguson decided that segregation was legal as long as everything was equal. But on the other hand, Brown versus Board of Education included separate but equal schools made African-American children feel inferior to the white children. 1896, Supreme Court heard the Plessy versus Ferguson case.
At the end of the test there is a disclaimer stating “The results are not a definitive assessment of your implicit preference. The results may be influenced by variables related to the test (e.g., the category labels or particular items used to represent the categories on the IAT) or the person (e.g., how tired you are). The results are provided for educational purposes only,” (IAT TEST). The lack of a consistent variable could significantly alter the data recorded. It is claimed that the order a person takes the test has a small effect; however, the test would be more accurate if each individual took it in the same order.