Aggression In School Literature Review

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Aggression is an issue every individual has to deal with many times in their life. Nowadays aggressive behaviour in schools, which is commonly called bullying, is a topic strongly discussed by media and researchers for its impact on significant factors like academic achievement, mental health and interpersonal relationships (Wang, Ianotti & Nansel, 2009). A study conducted by the Angus Reid Institute in 2015 found that 47% of the Canadian adults think that bullying is a serious issue, which should gain more attention.
The literature review at hand aims to assess the central question: to what extent can conformity explain bullying in school? In order to answer this question, an explanation of aggressive behaviour in terms of bullying and its underlying determinants will be stated, which will be pursued by a definition of conformity and discussion on its impact on bullying behaviour.

Theoretical background: Aggressive behaviour in school and its underlying determinants
Aggression in general can be defined as the intentional execution of behaviour to hurt another person. There are two different types of aggression: Proactive aggression and reactive aggression. Proactive aggression, which is also called instrumental aggression, describes a circumstance, in which an individual executes aggressive behaviour in order to reach a certain aim. In contrast, reactive aggression occurs in response to a specific negative cue, which triggers aggression inside the concerned
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