Memory is an action when information passes through three different stages: encoding, storage and retrieval. Encoding permits the recognize things to be changed and stored inside the brain and recollect later from short term or long term memory. All these stages decide whether information is remembered or forgotten. Moreover, there are also modes for memory such as: working memory, and long-term memory. First, working (Short-term) memory is the boss; because it helps you repeat information several times and move it to the long term memory.
According to the recent theories this process is carried out entirely by and inside the brain. There two region of brain’s left hemisphere helps to communicate such as, Broca’s area and Wernicke’s area (there are several others). Broca’s area is activated in hearing and signing. Wernicke’s area (there are several others). And Wernicke’s area is involved in the comprehension of both speech and signs.
Memory is the process of encoding, storing and retrieving and also includes the ability later recall information and experiences gained in the past within the brain. It can be also described as the process of maintaining information overtime. It is also said that “our lives are the sum of our memories”, which gives out an idea of how important memory is to a human brain. Everything we use in our day today lives depends on memories which are the past experiences we went through and it is the ability to remember our past. Memory is a significant component when it comes to learning.
Having gone through the psychology course successfully, I have been equipped with knowledge on various aspects of human behaviors and the scientific reasons behind them. Subsequently, in this personal reflection paper, I will select the topic of memory given its intrigues and interesting findings from the textbook. Memory refers to the process of encoding, storing, and retrieving information. It has been described as the means that enable human beings to use the knowledge that has been acquired over time in their present situations. In this case, the brain helps in storing information in the form of sounds, images, or interpretation of various situations.
This happened when we go through different situations in life and looked back on previous information or memory, bringing them up to our conscious awareness. Principles – Information Processing Model of Memory A huge part of information processing is its description of memory. Atkinson and Shiffrin model states that, information that enters into the brain must be stored or maintained. The information stored is processed in sequence of steps. Memory is regarded as a process of three separate stages: sensory memory, short-term memory (STM) and long term-memory (LTM).
The amygdala also provides the impetus for the formation of memories in all areas of the brain. Hippocampus: The hippocampus, in the first instance puts ‘reasoning’ on the presented stimulus. This cognition progressively becomes shared with the prefrontal lobes as we mature. The hippocampus is important in the formation of new memories that can be held in the short term. If memories are to become long term then the hippocampus controls their distribution and subsequent recovery across the brain.
In this paper, we look at a few such computational models of human episodic memory and perform a comparative study on them. Keywords - Episodic memory, Recall, Recognition, Event, Cues. Episodic memory is the type of memory system that handles our ability to recall previously experienced events and to recognize things as having been encountered previously . It also
Specifically, this study was conducted through the use of laboratory memory tests that were realistic to those the participants would face in the real world. The study was completed by having two groups – one from ages 20 to 30 years, and another from ages 64 to 73 – participate in tasks such neuropsychological tests of general
The activities that people carry out in their daily routine such as playing games, reading information and attending an event are stored in the brain. All the processes involved in maintaining and recovering when needed and using information about stimuli, images, events, ideas, and skills after the original information is no longer present is known as memory (Goldstein, 2008, 2011). Memory is a matter that people gain from experiences and through learning. For sure, it will be used in human’s everyday life. Generally, it is one of the crucial cognitive processes that all humans go through in life and it involves the techniques of remembering and forgetting.