Aging population: How to ensure a well-functioning society Nowadays, more and more countries have grown to an aging society. Worse still, this aging rate seems to accelerate. In 1900, only 5% of the British population was 65 and over, which increased to10.8% by 1950 and 15.8% by 2000, and is estimated to rise to 24.7% by 2050 (Torp, 2015). This problem is even much more severe in Japan, whose people aged 65 and over make up ¼ of its population (Torp, 2015). The whole society is unhealthy and is likely to remain stagnant when there are too many old people rather than young labors.
It is one of the biggest countries in the world when measuring by land mass, second only to Russia. The Population in Canada is 0,5 percent of the total world 's population which is about 36 280 000 people. Canada also offers free health care to their residents, just like here in Sweden. Canada is divided into ten different provinces. Each province has its own flag as well as their own capital.
Although we faced many things, we are still here after 150 years of assimilation, racism, and genocide. Canada is celebrating 150 years of confederation, yet our ancestors have been here over 130,000 years. We should be careful not to always look at the negative side of things, especially when we have so much to be thankful for. We are still here and we are still strong, and that’s all that
Rich and developed countries, on the other hand, have sustained the limit of the population growth. Controlling the population means two opposite things, the effort to increase or decrease the number of people in each and every country. In countries which lack development and where a very high rate of poverty is present, control of the population is a necessity, and poverty has a direct relation to population growth. It cannot be automatically stopped or completely prevented, and when it grows, there are chances of high competition among the members of the population, leading to war or disputes between countries and thus, reducing the total number
For instance, if “people become confident of their children's survival, than childbirth rates will drop.” (Gale, Population Growth, Environmental Encyclopedia) Besides the fact that most believe that developed countries attribute to the population growth the most, which is a misconception. Undeveloped countries are, in fact, the main contributor to the rising population rate. Most families “in poor countries often have five to ten children,” (Gale, Population Growth, Environment Encyclopedia) to insure that they have someone to take care for them in their old age. By aiding undeveloped countries, eventually they will grow to be confident that their children will survive and the numbers will decrease further. Yet, this is not the only way to limit the population growth.
The Earth produces a limited amount of fresh water and food, which is falling short of the current needs. When population growth increase, the living standards decrease because they consume resources faster than they can regenerate. Many developing countries with rapid population growth face the urgent need to improve living standards. While the populations are expanding, our demand for health care, food, fresh water and shelter have increased. According to Miller and Spoolman in Sustaining the Earth (2015), we are about 7.1 billion people on the planet and this number will increase to 9.6 billion by 2050.
In Canada, the population speaks a wide variety of languages, with a particular emphasis on English and French as the official languages. This has created many debates, such as the education of French Immersion students in Canadian schools over the years, and is still a controversial topic of discussion
The attitude of demographers and economists about the role of population in economic development has undergone a dramatic change in recent years-from a pessimistic to an optimistic view. Earlier many scholars believed that rapid growth of population puts a constraint on faster growth by diverting resources from investment to consumption. The more recent view holds that the process of demographic transition resulting from a fast decline in mortality rates and a slower decline in birth rates creates a population bulge initially in the younger age group, but creates a window of opportunity later when the young join the work force. The demographic dividend hypothesis relies on the changes in the age structure of population leading to a rise in
NOTES: What type of climate zones exist in canada? How do these varying climates lead to extreme weather? • Canada’s climate is very diverse as is its landscape. • Canada’s daytime summer temperatures can rise to about 35°C and higher. • Summers can be hot and dry on the prairies (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, and Alberta), humid in central Canada (Ontario and Quebec), milder on the coasts (New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Nova Scotia), and the arctic part of Canada is basically cold all-year round as it is.