Agriculture revolution brought in new farming techniques, production of cash crops and raw materials for industries and new farm machineries. Crop rotation and land consolidation indirectly led to industrial revolution. As a result of these developments, there was a period of high productivity and low food prices which means people in England requires less money to spend in food. Hence, they could spend more on manufactured products. Thus, it can be concluded that industrial revolution resulted in a shift from agrarian societies to urban societies.
However, the question as to how beneficial the Agricultural Revolution was to humanity remains. Some people argue that the Agricultural Revolution offered and illusion of lavish life, but at more cost than benefit. For example, Friedrich Engels, co founder of Marxism, believed agriculture the direct cause for a loss of political innocence (Noble or Savage 2). Others argue that agricultural came as a great success for the survival of the human race, and believe it to be crucially beneficial to the development of humanity. Both arguments have their flaws and strengths, however, evidence suggests that the Agricultural Revolution benefited humanity from the perspective of a larger group, but came as a deficit to humanity from the perspective of the individual human.
Agricultural Revolution is the term used for the impact that agriculture had on the Neolithic Society. Agriculture started 10,000 years ago (during the Neolithic Revolution). Prior, to agriculture, early humans had to forage and hunt food. Forging and hunting food allowed early humans to move, not ever staying in one place. Agriculture allowed for the early humans to settle in one place, mainly near a body of water, so that crops could be properly watered.
There was a growth in the output of both agricultural goods and Z goods which led to a surge in rural household incomes. The rise in agricultural output and incomes led to an increase in demand for manufactured goods which was met by an “expanding rural industrial sector utilising labour intensive technology”. Consequently the rural non- agricultural activity grows and leads to better incomes for rural households which in turn increases the demand for agrarian products. In the Meiji period the increase in agricultural income led to the enhancement of health, nutritional and educational levels. “Higher expenditures on food and clothing; and increased use of modern facilities such as medical and dental clinics, trains, bicycles, telegraph and postal systems, electricity, and even entertainment forms such as motion pictures” point to an improving living standard for the overall rural population.
From a traditional, agrarian society, the economy evolved to take on capitalist features, revolving around the concepts of supply and demand, and using machines in conjunction with human labour with the ultimate goal of making a profit in the market. With so much demand and supply, the government listened to the new ideas and that was the evolution of the give and take between the government and their citizens. The same applied for the creation of social duty as well. These massively impacted the agricultural and manufacturing processes as well, which led to further significant changes in the economic system. For instance, farm production, which was once done manually by hand and produced with the aim of feeding the immediate family, became commercialised.
From 1760 to 1840, the Industrial Revolution appeared and developed in England. The political advantages in England launched the start of the Industrial Revolution. The Parliament, provided by the government, was created between 1800-1810, and gave permission for innovators to create machinery. This introduced a profit motive and rise of scientific ideas. With the support of political input, commoners and entrepreneurs were able to create their own wealth.
Introduction Agricultural revolution refers to a time where human beings started engaging in agriculture by cultivating the soil and domesticating animals and some plants this was between -8000 BC and 1700.It is believed that there was a slight increase in population during this period. This paper is going to discuss the possible factors that might have affected population growth rate during the agricultural revolution. Effect of agricultural revolution on population growth During the hunting and gathering period the population increased at a very slow rate, this was mainly because of high levels of mortality and lower levels of fertility; we can refer to this as a stationary population. The agricultural revolution had a huge impact on population
The cost of the agricultural products dropped caused by increase in production , the markets became less suitable for the small farmers to sell their products. The British Agricultural Revolution was the result of the complex interaction of social, economic and farming technology changes. Major developments and innovations include one of the most important developments between the 16th century and the mid-19th century was the development of private marketing. By the 19th century, marketing was nationwide and the vast majority of agricultural production was for market rather than for the farmer and his family. The 16th-century market radius was about 10 miles, which could support a town of 10,000 population.