Such low productivity leads to increasing poverty and food insecurity of rural poor farm households in the country. During the past years, the government and NGOs have undertaken various attempts to enhance agricultural productivity particularly that of cereal crops so as to achieve food security and to reduce poverty in the country. The available studies on the productivity of cereal crops in general and maize production in particular in Ethiopia found low productivity in comparison with the international standards (Alemayehu, 2009), although, the
The development of agriculture has much to do with the economic welfare of the country. India’s agriculture remained under developed for a long time. They did not produce enough food for their people. The country had to buy food-grains from other countries, but the things are changing now. India is producing more food-grains than its needs.
In addition, potato is regarded a high-potential food security crop because of its ability to provide a high yield of high-quality product per unit of input with a shorter crop cycle than major cereal crops like maize (Hirpa et al., 2010). Currently, many improved varieties of potato are disseminated by research centers, cooperatives and private suppliers to smallholders and this has contributed to the improvement and expansion of potato production in Ethiopia. However, little has been done to improve the performance of the entire potato value chain in the country and there is no clear evidence on which model works better for the overall performance of potato value chain in Ethiopia. This case study, therefore, investigates subsidized cooperative potato value chain model in Sinan and unsubsidized private investor [SolaGrow PLC] promoted potato value chain model in Debre Ziet so as to come up with valid conclusion on what model works better for inclusive value chain in the
TOPIC How can emerging black farmers join mainstream agricultural value chains as efficient and competitive players in the Northern Cape Province? 1. TITLE Factors constraining emerging farmers within the Pixley ka Seme District to be effective and competitive role player in the Kalahari kid goat project. 1.1 BACKROUND Agriculture in the Northern Cape Province is currently the second largest economy (Republic of South Africa (RSA), 2009). Although the emerging sector is underestimated, it plays a major role in contributing towards food security, poverty alleviation and job creation (Molewa and Doidge, 2010).
The significant issue confronted by the oil palm plantation is shortage of labour, which might be comprehended with the presentation of proper machineries (Ismail, 2010). Many benefits listed by Asoegwu (1998) through his study that made in Nigeria. It includes achieving low time taken in farm operation that due to the increasing of yield, low level of dependent to direct labour, reduction of losses in harvesting process and contribution to effective land use. 2.3 Manual
Though the Jamaican Agricultural Industry has faced some impediment, the enhancement of the quality of its products by comprehending and adhering to the regulations and standards demanded by regional and international markets, will allow for the country to position itself for development as a nation while producing quality agricultural products for the world at large. “Quality means doing it right when no one’s looking” The state of Jamaica places great investments of both manpower and physical resources into the Agricultural industry. According to the Encyclopedia of the Nations (2015) the agricultural sector accounts for most of the country’s economic income, being the third largest foreign exchange earner as well as the second largest employer of labor for the country. Most of the products generated by the industry are also supplied to the local agricultural market. There is however a challenge associated with the quality of the goods on the local market, as they are rarely sufficiently scrutinized by the relevant authorities for quality and safety.
In this twenty-first century, agriculture remains fundamental to economic growth, poverty alleviation, improvement to rural livelihood and environmental sustainability (World Bank, 2007). Three quarters of the world’s poor live in rural areas, particularly in Asia and Africa (Ravallion, Chen and Sangraula, 2007) and depend on agricultural as their primary source of livelihood. The success of agricultural livelihoods depends on the health of the workforce and agricultural production systems can have impacts on workers health, nutrition and well-being. And the labour market consequences of poor health are likely to be more serious for the poor, who are more likely to suffer from severe health problems and to be working in jobs for which strength and therefore good health are required (Strauss and Thomas, 1998). Agriculture is the largest component of the rural economy of Nigeria; it is the principal source of food and livelihood and the main trust of many Nigerians as is the case in most of the sub-Saharan African Countries.
When illness leads to long-term incapacitation, households may resort to withdrawing savings, selling important assets, withdrawing children from school, or reducing the nutritional value of their food consumption. All of these emergency responses can have adverse effects on the long-term output of household members (Asenso-Okyere et al., 2011). Agriculture has made remarkable progress in the past decades but progress in improving the nutrition and health of poor farmers in developing countries is lagging behind. Agriculture has the potential to greatly reduce poverty- a key contributor to poor health and under
Agriculture is not constrained to provide employment opportunities and a source of income for farmers; it is a source of substantial revenue for both central as well as state governments too. Hence, if agriculture affects badly the revenues of the both governments will be affected in the same way. In Mr. Bethu Sudhakar views” Agriculture is one of the main sources of revenue for the state especially for the state governments. Not only does the government get a substantial income from land revenue but the prosperity of the rail ways and income from many other sources is also dependent on favourable agriculture. Indeed, a bad agricultural year is a bad year all around both for the government and the people”51 Most of the poor in India still live in rural areas.
This can not be far-fetched as a sizable number of agricultural products used to feed the populace comes from remote and rural areas whose isolation means they have little or no access to power supply from the grid. Over the years, diesel powered generators have been the only source of power to most rural communities to service essential social and economic activity like health and agriculture. However, concerns about the rising cost of fuel, the inherent effect of fossil fuel power generating station on the environment and the resultant climate change phenomena has brought to fore the need to diversify the energy mix with particular interest in sustainable power generation method. Consequently, these remote locations require a sustainable source of power to support and improve farming activities such as irrigation, storage and processing of harvested crops. In this