Organic exports are sold at impressive premiums, often at prices 20% higher than the same products produced on non-organic farms. Under the right circumstances the market returns from organic agriculture can potentially contribute to local food security by increasing family incomes. Entering this lucrative market is not easy. Farmers require hiring an organic certification organization to annually inspect and confirm that their farms and businesses adhere to the organic standards established by various trading partners. During the conversion period to organic management, which lasts 2 to 3 years, farmers cannot sell their produce as “organic” and thus, tap price premiums.
Treatment procedures for malnutrition have become slightly more effective in the past few years. Unfortunately, most patients, particularly those in rural regions, do not have access to these more developed treatments and may never have the chance to attend a proper health care setting. Malnutrition is not caused by a simple lack of food. Poverty, inequality, lack of education, climate and environmental changes are major factors that cause malnutrition… In sub-Saharan Africa, agriculture is crucial to equitable economic progress, and the future health and nutrition of Africans depend mostly on its development. Over 70% of Africans ' nourishment is made up of locally grown foods.
Last a hundred years, chocolate confectionary achieved growth, but at present supply is not enough for demand because farmers, who work at cacao sector; is not slighted. Moreover, because of the low salary, farmers are poor and also productivity has been fall. Therefore, crisis is inevitable at chocolate confectionary. Cacao prices are affected by many factors such as; climate conditions, insects and diseases speculations, and political instability in the country. With the increase of cacao prices, the demand of farmers couldn 't meet.
But why was social mobility so hard? Why were Egyptians forced to always follow in their parent’s footsteps? The way their social classes were structured also brings up some interesting questions. Farmers were at the bottom, but they provided food for the whole country. Egypt was successful because of its agriculture;so why were farmers so undervalued?
Ethiopia has a remarkable record of achievement of a two digit economic growth for the last five consecutive years. However, the contribution from the industrial sector remains minimal. To ensure the sustainable economic and social development of the country in today’s competitive world, building technological capability of the industry is critical. This could be achieved through well organized and coordinated technology transfer system based on the need of the industry and society. Most of the imported technologies to the country in the past had failed to be adopted, improved, re-engineered, and disseminated to other similar industries at the desired level, especially in
Only five nations: Norway, Sweden, Luxembourg, Denmark, and Netherlands have reached the UN target of 0.7 percent of GNI. The effectiveness of providing economical resources in order to reduce poverty and achieve other related developmental results in less-developed countries have been questioned for many decades, because there is a notion that this type of aid is not effective enough, even later it can have a negative effects on developing countries. For example, Norway is on paper the world’s most generous nation, sacrificing 1% of GDP for aid, however, this country imposes high taxes on agricultural imports, making it less profitable for less-developed nations to sell their own goods to
Haiti, which was once the most lucrative agricultural colony of its time, is today ranked 145 out of 169 countries, according to the United Nations Human Development Index in 2010. In 2003, 80% of Haiti's population fell below the poverty line, a number that is likely to have increased since the earthquake in 2010. Their economy is based primarily in the agricultural sector, with the majority of production devoted to coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, and sorghum (CIA 2011). Though agriculture is a major part of the economy of Haiti, there is little governmental support for the agricultural sector. This has had a negative effect on Haitian food production because of the financial mandates imposed since the 1980's by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), including structural adjustment programs (SAPs).
However climate change has done more good than harm so far and it is likely to continue doing so for most of this century (Gray, 2012:2). These is not a right thing, it is a consensus of expert opinion, yet almost nobody seems to know this. As discussed above, it has done more good than harm because it lowers energy costs, it leads to better agricultural yields, decreases droughts, and lastly it leads to a richer bio-diversity (Gray, 2012:2). Moreover, it leads to a decline in winter mortality due to high temperatures, leads to an increased yield for crops such as wheat, sugar, beans and potatoes. It also leads to an expansion of tourists’ destinations, better grass yields for feeding livestock and the introduction of new crops (Gray, 2012:2).