Introduction Agriculture in India has a significant history. Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output. The economic contribution of agriculture to India's (Gross Domestic Product) GDP is steadily declining with the country's broad-based economic growth. Still, agriculture is demographically the broadest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio-economic fabric of India. India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice, the world's major food staples.
In Pakistan it is on commercial scale it is grown on coastal areas of Sindh like Karachi, Hyderabad and Tandojam. Global papaya production in 2010 was 11.47 Metric ton (FAOSTAT, 2012). Total area under papaya cultivation in Pakistan is 1404 Hectares and total production is 6743 tonnes (Provincial crop reporting service centers, 2014-2015). Global papaya industry is facing significant problem of post-harvest losses along the marketing chain. Factors such as fungal diseases, physiological disorders, mechanical damage or a combination of these are the leading causes of post-harvest losses.
Assam is a state that derives a large chunk of its economy from the tea industry. The tea industry is a highly commercialized enterprise that employs a large number of wage laborers and interestingly almost 99% of these laborers in the state are tribal people. These people were made to migrate from the Chotanagpur belt to Assam and North Bengal on a very large scale by the colonial masters as indentured laborers, during the mid nineteenth century. However, with the passage of time, they have adhered and blended well into the Assamese culture and society, creating their own distinct identity. Assam has more than 765 (approx.)
In Pakistan it was grown on 172 thousand hectares during the year 2012 with the production of 3767.2 thousand tons which was 11.0 % more than last year (Economic survey of Pakistan, 2013). In Pakistan the production rate of the potato crop is very low compared to other countries due to the poor quality seed. Conventionally the potato crop is propagated vegetatively by seed tubers which give uniform growth and yield. The problem of deterioration of crop is faced due to virus infection and degree of deterioration changes from one crop to other and also to cropping seasons. The transmission of viruses is due to the planting of infected tubers.
The total production of rice in the State is about 0.9-1.1 million tons with a productivity of 1500 to 1800 kg/ha. The productivity of irrigated rice is nearly 2 tons/ha whereas that of unirrigated rice is nearly 1 ton/ha (Mehta et al., 2010). In Gujarat, rice is grown in 14 districts. Out of which the productivity of 5 districts each is low and very low and three districts are under medium-low productivity group. Surat district is under medium-low productivity group (1500-2000 kg/ha) comprising of three districts was 0.25 million hectares, which was 39.8% of triennium average area (0.64 million hectares) under rice in the state.
Almora Attractions Binsar temple: This temple complex is situated about 8 km from Almora. Apart from enjoying the serene atmosphere you can also appreciate the beautiful view from the nearby Binsar Top. Shiva Temples in Jageshwar: Jaheshwar Dham is a famous holy place in this region which is known for housing temples dating to hundreds of years. The place is associated with Hindu mythology and you would require atleast 4 days to explore all the shrines found here. Kalimut: As the name suggests, this scenic spot is dedicated to Goddess Kali and is located about 5kms from Almora.
Agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy as it contributes about 17% to the total GDP and provides employment to over 60% of the population. It also provides raw materials to leading industries such as cotton textiles and sugar industries. The number of various agricultural commodities like tea, coffee, spices and tobacco constitutes our main items of exports. This amounts to almost 15% of India’s total exports. Hence agriculture provides foreign exchange which helps us to purchase machines from abroad.
The eponym of Bharat is Bharata, a theological figure that Hindu scriptures describe as a legendary emperor of ancient India. Hindustan was originally a Persian word that meant “Land of the Hindus”; prior to 1947, it referred to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan. It is occasionally used to solely denote India in its entirety.Home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four world religions - Hinduism, Buddhism,Jainism, and Sikhism - originated here, whereas Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived in the 1st millennium CE and also helped shape the region’s diverse culture. Gradually annexed by and brought under the administration of the British East India Company from the early 18th century and administered directly by the United Kingdom from the mid-19th century, India became an independent
Many of the bridges are washed away while there are none at many stretches. Coupled to this is the huge pressure on the road network owing to the fact that Assam is the gateway to northeast. Also, of the total rural road network, only around fifty percent are black surfaced roads. Non surfaced roads are almost unusable when there is heavy rainfall.
Objectives To present the review about Role of Migration and Remittances in promoting livelihood in Bihar. Methodology Although migration in Bihar is well studied by Priya Deshingkar , Sushil Kumar, Harendra Kumar Chobey and Dananjay Kumar. it is arguably poorly understood in terms of its complexity and diversity of group of people and how it affects different group of people. Migration and remittance pattern in Bihar covered under the World Bank funded Bihar Rural Livelihood Project (BRLP) and the IFDA funded women’s Empowerment and livelihood Project in the mid-gangetic plain (WELPMGP) to offering suggestion for practical intervention to maximize good and bad associated with migration. The field work covered the six districts of Bihar namely