Agriculture In Ethiopia Essay

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The agriculture sector in Ethiopia plays pivotal roles in economic growth, poverty alleviation, employment creation, foreign exchange earnings and food security. Despite the enormous contribution over the past years, its significance is limited because of various factors and hence it is becoming increasingly difficult to meet the food requirements of the growing population (Jon, 2007; Abera, 2011; UNDP, 2013). One of the significant contributors for its deprived performance is the low productivity of the sector in general and cereal production in particular over the past years (Alemayehu, 2009; Alemayehu et al. 2012). Such low productivity leads to increasing poverty and food insecurity of rural poor farm households in the country. During the past years, the government and NGOs have undertaken various attempts to enhance agricultural productivity particularly that of cereal crops so as to achieve food security and to reduce poverty in the country. The available studies on the productivity of cereal crops in general and maize production in particular in Ethiopia found low productivity in comparison with the international standards (Alemayehu, 2009), although, the…show more content…
Among others the existence of production inefficiency at farm level, lack of and inexistence of improved production technologies are the main factors that affect productivity of maize (Arega, 2003; Arega and Rashid, 2005; Jon, 2007). There are also different risk factors, which adversely affect maize yield. Weather risk and market risks are the major challenges for farmers. In addition to the above mentioned factors, low level of crop management practices, weeds, pest and diseases, erratic rainfall, erosion, low soil fertility, poor infrastructure, and post harvest crop losses are also a growing concerns for the low productivity of maize crop in Ethiopia (ECEA, 2009; Legesse et al.,

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