Agricultural sector apart from meeting the food requirements of the people, also supplies the raw materials demanded for industrial growth. Thus it could be understood that development of agricultural sector is a precondition for India’s economic growth. Since independence Indians have always relied upon agriculture for development. Share of agriculture in gross domestic product (GDP) was around 51.8% during 1950-51 which declined to 50% during 1955-56 (CSO). The five year plans have accorded priority to agricultural development for improving the GDP.
Rice (Oryza sativa L.) crop belongs to family Poaceae or Gramineae and most important staple diet crop throughout the world (sharanapp et al., 2017). Rice crop being most important staple crop providing food for half of the world population. In developing countries, it serves as main source of income and employment for the rural community (soomro et al., 2013). Rice is a basic diet and cash crop in East Asia where vast cultivation is carried out. Major rice growing areas include India, Thailand, China, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Japan, Pakistan, Philippine, Korea, Indonesia, Vietnam and USA (Aine et al., 2017).
A simple indicator of the very limited value- added in Ethiopian export is still dominant share (roughly 80%) of agricultural export into total exports. In addition trends in three pairs of export commodities can reveal the relative sophistication of Ethiopia’s exports; whether the country is exporting more leather products (e.g. shoes) instead of hide skins more textiles/clothing instead of cotton. Reviewing trends in these three pairs of commodities shows progress in some areas but still limited overall structural change (access capital, Ethiopia’s export performance, 2010). Therefore, the country’s exports are highly concentrated in agricultural commodities while the share of nonagricultural products in total merchandise exports is almost insignificant.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION The economy of Uganda continues to depend on agriculture, which makes nearly 23.2% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (MFPED, 2013). Agricultural sector is the largest employer in Uganda providing about 70% of total employment (MAAIF, 2010). The sector meets the biggest proportion of the raw materials for the agro-based manufacturing industry. Food processing alone making close to 40% of the total manufacturing sector (UBOS, 2008). Close to 90% of the total agricultural production depends on hand held tools (FAO, 2005).
About ninety percent of the population participates in agriculture. The trade imports are larger than the exports and are in the three quarters of a billion region. The main countries that send goods over as imports include Belgium, China, Kenya, Germany, Uganda. Israel and France are countries that Rwanda gets a smaller portion of imports from. The main imports are: cement and construction material, machinery and equipment, steel, petroleum products, and foodstuffs.
Agriculture is the dominant land use category in the state. It account for about 54.11 per cent of the total geographical area. Including persons dependent on plantation, more than 80 per cent of the total population, more than 80 per cent of the total population of Assam is dependent on agriculture. With the increase of population and the development of agro technology, lots of changes take place in the agricultural scenario of the state. The net area sown as well as the gross cropped area increased significantly in the last few decades.
Haiti, which was once the most lucrative agricultural colony of its time, is today ranked 145 out of 169 countries, according to the United Nations Human Development Index in 2010. In 2003, 80% of Haiti's population fell below the poverty line, a number that is likely to have increased since the earthquake in 2010. Their economy is based primarily in the agricultural sector, with the majority of production devoted to coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, and sorghum (CIA 2011). Though agriculture is a major part of the economy of Haiti, there is little governmental support for the agricultural sector. This has had a negative effect on Haitian food production because of the financial mandates imposed since the 1980's by the World Bank and
The agriculture sector plays a leading role in economy of Sri Lanka. The population of Sri Lanka is 20.96 million people. Most of the people are living in rural areas and depending on agriculture for their livelihoods. Rice farming is very important in Sri Lanka, reason being not only the staple food of the majority of the people, but also the country’s food security, poverty alleviation and rural employment depend largely on rice
2. Methodology 2.1. Study area Guilan Province, the studied region, contributes 26% of total production of rice and 31.7% of rice farms in Iran and has the second rank after Mazandaran Province. In this province, 300,000 users grow rice across an area of over 230,000 ha of fertile lands. Rice growing is the main agricultural activity so that it is the pivot of the economics of the province (Anonymous, 2013).
Bangladesh has been well-known for growing huge diversity of tropical crops mainly rice, potato, wheat, jute, sugarcane, pulses, oilseeds so on . In this sub continent potato was introduced in the sixteenth century. Potato is one of the majorities important food crops which grown-up in more than 100 countries in the globe. More than billion people consume potato globally a distaste half a billion people in developing countries. Potato position fourth in the world and third in Bangladesh with respect to food production.