I focused on the introduction of garden egg in the study area to assess its effects on the welfare of the farmers who have either diversified into its cultivation or still remain in the cultivation of other crops or engaging in both garden egg and other crops. It is evident that the various livelihood assets, new crop adoption decisions and the challenges encountered from pre planting to post harvest period of the crop all affect incomes that are accrued from the
• The board and management of the Land Bank has to design, identify areas and terms of strategic alliance and implement energy and water PPPs in collaboration with other state owned SOE’s like the (DBSA and IDC). • Establish Special Purpose Funding Vehicle (SPFV), or Green Credit Line, to finance Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) or Sustainable agricultural practices • Prioritise access to land and markets for small-scale farmers • Develop incubators for SMEs specializing in economic zones and agro-industries 5. STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT FOR THE LB IN RESPONSE TO SDG’S For the Land Bank to optimise its response and have a systemic impact amongst others will have to form strategic
In regions far flung market and ill-equipped with transportation facilities commercial farming is a remote possibility. Improvements in the realm of transportation and communication have rendered possinle regional specialisation and thus made feasible fuller utilisation of the peculiar features of the specific soil and climate. Next , labour supply determines the character of agriculture. Agriculture requires skilled labour so that they can appreciate the subtle relations osf season and soils with crops and adopt the requisite culture practices. Agricultural labour that determines the timely sowing ,harvesting and other cultural practices and ensures good returns.
Bello (2003) advocated for the linkage of agriculture with processing. He noted that the reason the full potential of agriculture has not been realized is because of lack of supporting infrastructure. He also stated that state governments should endeavour to develop their own innovative activities aimed at promoting entrepreneurial growth. According to Metu and Nwokoye (2014), citing (Okonkwo, 1996 and Okonjo-Iweala, 2005), entrepreneurship activities are the prime drivers of economic growth. Its ability to empower the populace to employ local raw materials ensures both vertical and horizontal connection.
INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background The major development goals of the country are poverty reduction and economic development that contribute significantly to the betterment of livelihood. Hence, the country's development policies and strategies are geared towards this end. (National Investment Brief,2008). The current economic and developmental activities of the country indicate that it has been engaged in exploiting its resources, and seize the opportunities to alleviate poverty, rise income of its people and register rebust economic growth in the country. In this regard, the water resources of the country will play major role in domestic use and bosting agricultural production.
Strategy occupies a central position in the focus and proper functioning of any country. This is because it is a plan that integrates the nation’s major goals, policies and actions into a cohesive whole. A well formulated strategy should therefore help to marshal and allocate the nations resources into a unique and viable posture based on its relative internal competencies and shortcomings and anticipated changes in the environment (Igbuzor, 2012). Alternative strategy of social entrepreneurship initiatives is expected to promote the participation of all stakeholders in the efforts aimed at engendering food security in Nigeria. The stakeholders in this social entrepreneurship initiative, from the above diagram, are individuals, farmers, schools, media, family, institutions, banks, professional institutions, non -governmental organisations, international donors and
He must look upon the administrative role as that of providing the best possible conditions for organizing and carrying out programme of social and economic change through extension education. The administrator is the leader in creating conditions of organization, human relation, financial and physical facilities that enable and encourage specialists and grass root level workers to perform their roles effectively. The specialists to be successful must, in addition to having high technical competence, be knowledgeable about the target group. In making recommendations the specialist must clearly understand the needs of the client and methods of approaching
Cervantes, Dancel, Pagoso & Rillo (2010) elaborated that agriculture is about the production of raw materials such as crops, meat and grains. Agriculture is a priority concern of the government, since having this develop will help increase income and improve the quality of life of farmers and fisher folks. On the other hand, industrialization is the processing and manufacturing of raw materials into finished products through the use of technology. Agriculture is called the backbone of economy while industry is referred to as the life of the economy, that is why they play a vital role in the development of the economy. Both of them are source of livelihood, source of food supply and raw materials, source of earnings in foreign trade, development of technology and source of resource transfer.
Sufficient infrastructure is required for the modernization and commercialization of agriculture and the achievement of income surpluses for capital accumulation. Infrastructure provides a basis for the expansion of local manufacturing industries help in enlarging markets for the outputs of these industries. Many studies have found a positive relationship between the economic development and quality of housing and access to basic amenities like electricity, safe drinking water, toilets. Infrastructure investment directly affects the economic development. Therefore, this is the only way to build up a country’s economy and raise per capita
II. DYNAMICS: Economists working on the agricultural policies are interested in the determinants of the supply and consumer demand of the agricultural policies as they provide a platform for the foundation and formulation of the agricultural policies by engaging with the markets. The policy which are formulated generally have the objective of maximizing social welfare and they are formed in such a way that they take into consideration certain facts like, there will be always be some factors over which the policy would have no control (for example- climate), there will be side effects (for example- it may benefit a certain group of the society adversely and may be detrimental to another