Research has proved that the inoculation process is more successful that simply reinforcing original beliefs with stronger evidence. Application of Inoculation Theory The original theory of McGuire was expanded by communication scholar Michael Pfau and his colleagues to cover health communication, political communication and corporate advocacy. Their work shows that the inoculation theory has nearly unlimited applications. Components of an Inoculation Message According to Pfau, the following are the two major components in an inoculation
It includes culture and ethnicity factors. There are some advantages and disadvantages for both models proposed by many authors. (Deacon, 2013, Pages 846–861) argued that some advantages of the biomedical model is that it treats disorders and diseases by emphasizing pharmacological cures to target assumed
The combination of characteristics that defines who we are and what we are as a person based on how we think and behave is known as personality. There are different ways psychologists can study different traits and type of personality; personality types involve qualitative behavioral differences between people, whereas personality traits comprises of quantitative differences. Myers-Brig Indicator Type Inventory (MBTI) is directly related to personality types as it reveals different personality types from a set of four personalities: extroversion versus introversion, thinking versus feeling, sensing versus intuition, and perceiving versus judging. Another test, The Big Five Inventory (BFI), is more inclined towards different personality traits including openness, conscientiousness, agreeableness, extraversion, and emotion stability. It explains that there is a gradient leading from one type of personality to the other.
The theory can be put into practice by a) encouraging healthy behavior and through proper maintenance. For example, studying the behavior pattern in sickness can permit unhealthy practice of an individual to be taken into consideration. Similarly, analyzing beliefs of an individual can be helpful as it will help to change the behavior pattern. b) It has been seen that health psychologist try to study treatment and preventive strategies of “illness”. By adapting different coping strategies one can easily prevent the onset of different illness.
The understanding of nursing sensitive indicators are measures that focus on increasing quality and safety in patient care. Understanding nursing sensitive indicators can help the nurse can identify the issues in the scenario. One important nursing sensitive indicator is complication from pressure ulcers, restraint prevalence, and patient satisfaction. It was evident that Mr. J has the beginning of a pressure ulcer. In the scenario Mr. J had what can be perceived as a stage 1 pressure ulcer, he has redness over a bony prominence (Hughes, 2008) the use of a Braden scale for skin assessment should have been implemented.
This kind of medicine was categorized as crisis because it was a point of progression of an illness that can either kill a patient or naturally recover from it. The Crisis and the humorism theory of Hippocrates focused on simple easing ways in the natural therapeutic process. Hippocrates was said to be proposing this theory as they stood on a therapeutic approach and this theory was the founding base for their medicine. Moreover, Hippocratic therapy trailed nature and believed that the healing power was inherited from it and they believed in manners and to be polite to patients in treatment; they believed in being gentle and keeping the patients clean and sterilized. However, the findings of the stones in the Hippocratic medicine were because of the humble and the passive
The theoretical framework guiding the research study is Olson’s (1965) theory of collective action. The theory’s origin can be traced back to rational choice theory and early group theories. It combines ideas from economics, politics, and social sciences in an attempt to explain individual behavior and group action. Especially, the theory’s application to diverse fields of study and its continued relevance in explaining individual behavior make it suitable for the exploration of the relationship between ICT use and citizenship norms. With regard to the proposed study, the argument can be made that Olson’s (1965) theory is relevant and appropriate as society and government are inherently efforts of collective action.
Arguments on how communication skills are the results are certain traits have been made and many theories of the biological effects have been both studied and argued. b. The apprehension to communication and speech anxiety led to much of the research done in communication (Knapp & Daly, 2011). D. Physiological research as influenced interpersonal communication a great deal. a.
of radiology is to obtain images which are adequate for the clinical purpose with minimum radiation dose to the patient. If optimum performance is to be achieved, assessment of image quality must be made to balance against patient dose. X-rays are known to cause malignancies, skin damage and other side effects and therefore are potentially dangerous. It is therefore essential and mandatory to reduce the radiation dose to patients in diagnostic radiology to the barest minimum (Watkinson, Moore’s., 1984). Radiographers are technologist who create and analyze the x-ray image.
In her essay “In defence of the iGeneration,” Renee Wilson argues that today’s technology has benefitted not only the students, but also the generation as a whole. The advancement in technology allows for change, innovation and creativity that result in one of the best generations yet. Although Wilson generalizes today’s iGeneration, she succeeds in providing a compelling argument. Much of her argument is supported by scientific evidence and personal experiences that demonstrate the ability of the iGeneration to accept change and provide self-actualization. Wilson’s use of generalizations reveals a degree of disconnect between the current iGeneration and previous generations.