The Shah’s father Reza Khan was a military officer who led a coup against the ruling Qajar dynasty in 1921, ending their 131 yearlong rule. He took power himself by suppressing rebellion and establishing himself as the head of state. When His son Muhammad Reza Pehlevi came to power he removed all political parties that conflicted with his ideologies. This way the Shah was able to rule Iran without any checks and balances in his power which gave him the freedom to create heinous crimes.
During this time period they came across the historical annals of the Moghul empire. Raiders from the north is their first fiction novel. Raiders from the north starts from the time Babur’s father the ruler of Ferghana died when a dovecot fell on him followed by an earthquake in 1494. Babur is the only child of Umar-shaikh and Kutlugh Nigar, At the age of twelve he was crowned the prince of Ferghana with the help of his maternal grand mother Esan Dawlat, who claims to be a descendant of Genghis Khan, his mother Kutlugh Nigar and his military guide and mentor Wazir Khan. As Ferghana was always under threat from the uzbeks and Shaibani Khan many felt that Babur was inept to rule, he and his chief bodyguard Wazir Khan worked together and eliminated all those who opposed him being a ruler of Ferghana including his grand Vizier.
They also appointed his brother, Abdullah as the King of Jordan. The British could claim to have kept their territorial promise, since the borders of the proposed Arab state had not been specified. Hussein had certainly believed that the state would be neighboring with the Hejaz. Hussein declared himself king of the Hejaz and all Arabs in 1917. This provoked his conflict with Ibn Saud, with whom he had fought before WWI on the side of the Ottomans in 1910.
In fact, Aurangzeb was one of the last Mughal emperors and after his rule, India was taken over by Great Britain who took advantage of the turmoil and divisions that existed because of the lack of unity and religious tolerance that had existed under the rule of Akbar. King Akbar shows us that when religious tolerance is practiced, empires flourish and its people remain united, and when it ceases to exist, conflict increases, causing societies to fall into decline and empires to
His father named Mohammad Taqi Shariati was a reform minded cleric and lived his life by doing lecture in his own religious hall (Bayat, a: 1990). His father strong advocacy for reforms in Iran had influenced Shariati’s intellectual mind the most. Despite their family including his father being shiites, the conservative Ulama of Iran accused his father as a Sunni Muslim and a Wahhabi (Abrahamian, 1982). Wahabbi the ideologue of Sunni Saudi Arabia, is Iran’s enemy in terms of propagation of religion due to some differences although both are Muslims. The major difference between Sunni and Shi’a is the issue of who succeeds Prophet Muhammad.
It was declared that only a Mujahidin (a person well conversant with Quran law) could become a leader. However, in 1726, the Afghan group overthrew the ruling dynasty after conquering the Shi’a ulama. The group introduced foreign policies and made secular laws such as levying of taxes (Duiker and Spielvogel
786–809), is his passion for arts and science made Baghdad and influential center in the world for science, philosophy, medicine, and education. Due to the massive size of the Abbasid Empire it had many connections with other cultures, and so Baghdad scholars collected and translated knowledge from all those neighboring cultures. Certainly, Harun Al Rashid legacy was carried out by his son al ma'mun. Al ma'mun enhanced his father legacy by improving scientists and scholar’s performances. One of al ma'mun establishments is “Bayt al Hikma” in Baghdad - Iraq, which is the house of wisdom.
HIST 210 ASSIGNMENT 1 QUESTION: How do you account for the success of Akbar's imperial enterprise? BY, G.SHASHANK REDDY AAA0146 Introduction Muhammad Akbar, known as Shahanshah Akbar-e-Azam (15 October 1542 – 27 October 1605), was the 3rd Mughal Emperor. He was the son of Humayun, and the grandson of Babur, the Mughal dynasty founder in India. He was 14 years old when he took up the Mughal throne in Delhi, after his father Humayun’s death. Akbar was born on 15 October 1542, at the Rajput Fortress of Umerkot, to Emperor Humayun and his wife, Hamida Banu Begum, he was named Jalalu-d-din Muhammad by Humayun, the name which he overheard in his delusion.