Al-Mawardi's Theory Of Calliphate

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Introduction: Al- Mawardi is a Muslim philosopher, therefore he presents his theory of Caliphate within the limits of Shariah. According to Al- Mawardi, caliphate is the ultimate basis of rules and regulations of any community, which make us follow the straight path and strengthen political bonds. He says that Almighty Allah has given the control of His creatures to an Imam so that the administration of the world might be properly carried on. The prime objective of an Imam is to ensure that all people of the community avoid injustice and the breaking of social ties.
Concept of Caliph or Imam: Al-Mawardi says that Imam is the divine head of Muslims. His responsibility is to run the state with social and political administration, but
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This institution is related with the verses of Holy Quran, which tells us the obedience of the laws of Allah. Al-Mawardi explains two different opinions of fuqaha as whether caliphate is necessary for rational reasons or it is prescribed in the…show more content…
He also describes the qualities of electors who choose an Imam that the elector should be just and knowledgeable and he should be able to make the right decision to choose Imam who is eligible for the post. Al-Mawardi is of the view that election of a less qualified person in the presence of a more qualified person is perfectly legal if the elected one fulfills the required conditions of Caliphate. He also says that if there is one Imam present and he has all the qualities to become an Imam then there is no need for doing election, and the available candidate will become Caliph.
2. The existing Imam can nominate his successor, without consulting the electors. Al-Mawardi is of the view that Muslim community is consensus on this point and they obey the nominated Imam with their complete heart and soul. For example, Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) nominated Hazrat Umar (R.A) and Muslims obeyed his order. Al-Mawardi also says that existing Imam can nominate more than Imam to succeed one another in turn. For example, Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) nominated Hazrat Zayd (R.A) as commander of Muslims and if he fells then Japen Bin Ali will replace him in the battle of

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