The ruler and his government ensures that the society is run at optimum quality. So, the Muslim ruler of the Muslim society is responsible for the society to have the key features to tackle extremism. The first step for the ruler is to ensure that all economic and social policies, local and international, are developed and formulated within Islamic values. There are two types of Muslim rulers that we find that are inadequate for a successful application of the Islamically advised policies. Some rulers, we find, are outright deniers of Islam and publicly express their commitment to the foreign ideologies and governing systems from both the west and the east.
In Islamic political system, government and the society have to do the will and order of Allah. The distribution of political power is based on the Wasatiyyah concept. Islamic democracy is sub-servient to the Divine Law and exercises its power in accordance with the commandments of Allah and within the limits prescribed by Allah so that every people can accept the action taken by government. For example, our Prime Minister, MohdNajib bin Tun Abdul Razak has injected concept of Wasatiyyah into 1Malaysia Concept. In ruling the country, the government must aware and follow the habluminallah relationship such as concern with the moderation, middle and balance styles which emphasized by Allah otherwise country will face disaster.
Politics is an estuary which backbones can not be separated by Islam. Sources of Islamic law, Al-Qur'an and Sunnah of the Messenger of the 90s do not restrict a State of settings explicitly. According to a Muslim thinker Muhammad Imara Egypt declared that islam as the country does not specify a particular Government to Muslims, since the logic about the suitability of this religion for all time and place demanded that always changed by the power of the evolution of the community, the issue should be left to human reason (think about it). Then in the structure as well as the system's attempt to islam must be based on ijtihad of the imara based on the quran and Hadith. The existence of the concept of ijtihad, which is one of the Islamic jurisprudence and privileges that are only recognized by islam, reinforcing the statement that islam provides a special place for the people and the aspirations of the people in the Islamic system, the system may be higher than democratic istem though.
A person with Taqwa is said to have a superior state of heart which keeps the person aware of Allah 's presence and His Knowledge all the times and induces him or her to carry out honorable deeds and avoid the forbidden ones. “And: 'Command your family to pray and be firm with it yourself. We are not asking any provisions of you. ln fact, We shall provide for you for the best ending is for those with taqwa”. (Surah Taha, 20: 132) It is the same very quality which was highlighted by Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in the Last Sermon as the only trait of superiority of a Muslim over another.
In caliphate, the election of the leader or the head of state does not need the agreement of the majority. For example, the appointment of the Umar al-Khattab was made by the former caliph that is Abu Bakr. It is either through the former leader or through the enormous vote from the group. In order to appoint a new caliph, there are several major steps that need to go through. The first step is the appointed leader must have influence to the citizen and most important thing is he must be a Muslim.
Leadership (Imamate) What does Imamate Mean? One of the principles of Muslims (Shia Islam) is Imamate which means leadership, and is a universal authority over people’s religious and worldly affairs. Imams are religious experts who are consciously and willingly infallible and perfect leaders who provide believers with Islamic teachings and laws to help them reach prosperity and perfection. The Difference between Imams and Prophets The followings are the differences between Imams and prophets: The prophets have brought us the religion, its axioms and God’s commandments by the means of revelation they received from God, whereas Imams protect the religion against any kind of deviation or distortion and are responsible for performance of God’s
Other Important matters concerning Islamic Jurisprudence: (fiq , fatwa) Other important matters concerning Islamic Jurisprudence would include the Fiqh and Fatwa. Fiqh means the knowledge about Islamic rulings from their sources, people try to understand the divine law, Shariah, of which is infallible. Fiqh is fallible and changeable, it is distinguished from al-fiqh, the methods of legal interpretation and analysis. Fiqh is the product of application of uaul al-fiqh, the total product of human efforts at understanding the divine will. A hukm is a particular ruling in a given case.
The major difference between Sunni and Shi’a is the issue of who succeeds Prophet Muhammad. For Sunnis, Ali was simply a central figure in early Islam and should be revered as such. However, Shiites argued that the Prophet had intended for Ali and later Ali’s sons to succeed him in leading the Muslims (Ostovar,
And as democracy predicts, the majority was successful. There is an interior problem that we need to carefully distinguish from our thesis statement. It is the building of institutions like the government, the constitution and the legal system on belief systems. It can be studied even better with the states in the Middle East which are practicing Islamic states, and all their institutions are founded on the Islamic belief system. Religions all over the world constitute belief systems, and the freedom to believe whatever one wants as long as it does not interfere with the rights of another is a right and even a privilege in a free society.
d democracy and structured upon Islamic rules and laws (Ruhollah Khomeini ) Allah says in Quran(Yusuf verse 67) ‘ The leading pioneer of India s independence Gandhi had said that he wanted such a democratic state whose ruler followed in the foot steps of Hazrat Umar ‘ Islam is not only a religion Islam is a complete code of life .all aspects of Muslim society ,individually or collectively are covered by the social structure of Islam .our holy prophet (PBUH) established a state of at Medina of a unique type based on consultation justice equality and accountability .after his passing his righteous successors maintained the same system of governance .The holy Quran has mentioned the word SHURA for governance “ the govern with mutual consultation “ the essence of a true democracy is also consultation for religion is the source of all