The Battle of Stalingrad, started in July 17, 1942 - February 2, 1943, and took place in the western front of Russia in the city of Stalingrad. Hitler, the leader of Germany and his military general Marshal Zhukov tried invading Russia. On the other hand, Josef Stalin dictator of Russia/Soviet Union defending his country from the enemy. July 17, 1942, Germany bombed city of Stalingrad and also attacked Soviet Union 's ships in the Volga River. On November 19, 1942 the Red Army begins Operation Uranus to encircle German 6th army.
In 1939, right before the start of World War II, Joseph Stalin and Adolf Hitler signed a nonaggression pact. In 1941, Nazi Germany broke their pact and invaded the USSR. The Allied Forces had informed Stalin on the potential invasion, but he decided to ignore the warning, putting his own people in danger. Even though the Soviets were not prepared for a war, they quickly fought back. Stalin stayed in Moscow as the German army marched on, ordering his men to destroy anything of value that may benefit their enemy.
During world war 2 the whole world was shocked by the signing of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact which was a neutrality act that prevented two of the most feared dictators in the world, Hitler from Germany and Stalin from the USSR, to attack each other and ally or aid an enemy of the other nation throughout the continuation of the war. The pact was signed in Moscow on August 23, 1939 by ministers of foreign affairs Joachim von Ribbentrop representing Germany and Vyacheslav Molotov representing the USSR. The pact ended in June 22, 1941 after the disastrous invasion of Russia codenamed operation Barbarossa in which Hitler’s army was defeated by the Russian winter resulting in the Germans loss of momentum causing Hitler to become the military general
For example, Poland was defeated on April 9, 1940, and they started invading neutral countries; along with other countries like Italy creating an alliance called the Axis. As time passed, more invasions happened like the Battle of Britain. Along with violating the Treaty of Versailles, Germany also violated the German-Soviet Pact by invading the Union, but they drove the Germans out (Holocaust Museum, n.d.). In June 1941, mass murder began. While on July 3, Joseph Stalin, the Soviet leader, called for a scorched earth policy.
From the very beginning, Hitler and the Nazi Party had very clear ideas and objectives. They had two main aims, and in order to expand and dominate the diplomatic stage in Europe, they had to achieve these aims. Firstly, Hitler followed a revisionist policy, which was to ignore and end the Treaty of Versailles. The treaty severely limited Germany’s power, with territory loss and the creation of the Polish Corridor. Their army was reduced to 100,000 men, their navy and air force were restricted, Anschluss with Austria was forbidden and they had to pay reparations of a total of 6.6 billion pounds.
Germany had always been a divided country from the start of the Potstam meeting where that Berlin, the capital of Germany would be divided into four zones of occupation where the Allies (France, Britain and America) would occupy the Western Zones and the Soviets would occupy the Eastern zones. Whilst Russia’s aim was to cripple Germany, the other allies wanted to build it up into a strong country. It was due to this plan of Russia’s to cripple Germany that the Berlin blockade and airlift occurred. After Western Germany began to flourish in terms of economy the USSR decided to close all rail roads, canals and other forms of transport to Western Berlin in order to cripple them and 2.5 million people were cut off from food supplies. The result
Evil and ambition for power can make you do many evil things that maybe you didn't mean to do in the first place just so you can have power. Joseph Stalin and Macbeth have similar traits when they become leaders. The leader of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin can be compared to Macbeth because of the evil ways they both portray. Stalin was a paranoid that ruthlessly attached to power, He would do whatever it takes to remain the leader. Stalin went on a spree of execution, imprisoning and firing many officials (especially the officials with higher level) “The Great Purge 1934-1940.”(H-Headlines).
He made his plan in his own way and then organized for everything to be done. For example, he made sure units and divisions were organized for his soldiers. He had a personal scheme to separate the U.S. and British, then throw the Allies into confusion. His hope was that the two forces be broken up, and then a victory break up Allied supply lines. The Germans had an offensive line, and this was to disrupt the Allies, while other German soldiers took over Allied key transportation.
Europe was still very unstable because of the effects of World War I especially Germany. Their politics and economy were very unstable, so it was easy for a dictator to take the “throne”. Hitler and the Nazi party soonly took over. The Allied powers continually tried to get Hitler to stop expanding and conquering other lands. Hitler agreed, but continually disregarded them violating and denouncing the Treaty of Versailles, which ended World War I. Germany signed treaties with Japan and Italy to help them take over the world.
In Stalingrad, historian Antony Beevor calms that, “Hitler’s ability to manipulate generals was uncanny,” meaning that if he had listened to the advice of his Generals and Commanders and followed his original aims when making his tactical and strategic decisions, the outcome of the Battle of Stalingrad could have been significantly different. Vasily Chuikov, the commander of the 62nd Army in the Battle of Stalingrad, said, “The heavy casualties, the constant retreat, the shortage of food and munitions, the difficulty of receiving reinforcements... Many longed to get across the Volga, to escape the hell of Stalingrad,” depicting the terrible situation in Stalingrad for the Soviet army. After the battle, Winston Churchill said, “The guts of the German Army have been largely torn out by Russian valour and generalship,” which accurately depicted Germany’s situation. The outcome of the Battle of Stalingrad was heavily influenced by Operation Blue, a failed German strategy, the strategic reaction to Operation Uranus, and by the German tactical errors involving the German Army, which include the division of the German Army, the fact that the 6th Army was unprepared, and the bombing of Stalingrad before the 6th Army had
The invasion of Europe to defeat the German Army had begun. America was successful in battles against German forces and would continue to push forward towards Germany. The German Commander, Adolph Hitler, did not anticipate the Allied forces being able to push the German Army back so quickly. Slowly but surely, the Allied forces were pushing back the German Army which was making the German commander very frustrated. Hitler knew he would need to come up with a plan to push back or split Allied forces.
Nazi Germany broke that pact with Russia and invaded, dividing their forces into three prongs. One force would attack the city of Leningrad; one would attack the capital of Russia, Moscow; one would also attack the city of Stalingrad. Sending an army into Russia was not the best idea. The farther Hitler invaded, the longer supplies would get to the soldiers on the front lines. Not to mention Russia’s brutal weather.
Hitler wanted invade the western Soviet Union so he could repopulate it and get the recourses this area is known for. Originally the German forces gained land, with various victories and conquering the area which is the country of Ukraine. The Germans however stalled in the battle of Moscow and lost one of the most needed cities with the failed battle of Stalingrad. The push back by the soviets caused winter to come and the retreating German forces made a lot of casualties on the German side. The red army repelled all of the strongest battles and destroyed the German forces.