Alan Turing's Artificial Intelligence

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Artificial intelligence (AI) has been a defined and active field more than the fifty years. However, either chronologically or thematically the field of artificial intelligence is very difficult. There have been many achievements in this field in many areas and still the effort is going on. The founders of AI’s were optimistic about the future, “machines will be capable, within twenty years, of doing any work a man can do” was predicted by Herbert Simon (Crevier, 1993)
The short paper “Computing Machinery and Intelligence” of Alan Turing’s which was published in 1950 has influenced philosophic discourse, research in artificial intelligence, and even Hollywood cinema, as evidenced by Hollywood movies such as Blade Runner. Movies like the terminator
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It was attended by many of those who became leaders in the field including John McCarthy, Marvin Minsky etc. Two main approaches were developed for general AI, first main approach was the “top down” approach which started with the higher level functions and implemented those, and the second main approach was the “bottom up” approach which looked at the neuron level and worked up to create higher level functions. The Intelligence is fundamentally related to neuronal and synaptic activity (Thorndike, 1932), (Hebb,…show more content…
Brooks thought researchers should focus on first creating individual modules based on different aspects of the human brain, such as a planning module, a memory module etc., which could be later combined to create intelligence. There has been a broad-based attempt to build embodied intelligences. There have been many improvements of the technologies associated with computing and robots in the recent past. The tendency towards computer simulation, termed “Artificial General Intelligence” was seen because of the difficulty and lack of success in building physical robots. In “Artificial General Intelligence” virtual agents in a virtual reality world attempt to achieve intelligent behavior. After this brief historical we discuss the AI field
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