Alasdair Macintyre's Definition Of Patriotism And Patriotism

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In Patriotism and Cosmopolitanism, Martha Nussbaum argues for a cosmopolitan education, writing that patriotism is expendable in order to fulfill cosmopolitan goals. Nussbaum, however, later alters her views on cosmopolitan and patriotism arguing instead that patriotism should be a primary goal of education and discards a rootless cosmopolitanism. There is an inherent tension that arises between cosmopolitanism and patriotism. The implication is that cosmopolitanism must be in conflict with patriotism by definition. In this paper I will argue that cosmopolitanism and patriotism are more compatible rather than being binary opposites and that this inherent tension is resolvable. To support this thesis, I will begin by looking at Alasdair MacIntyre 's definition of patriotism and Thomas Pogge’s definition of cosmopolitan. I will then look at Kwame Anthony Appiah’s argument that “cosmopolitan patriotism” is not an oxymoron at all; the two concepts are completely compatible. Second, I will examine Kok-Chor Tan’s arguments on cosmopolitan patriotism. Third, I will show that Robert Audi also supports my thesis in suggesting that patriotism and cosmopolitanism overlap in terms of what they require of humankind. I will conclude by claiming that these points support my thesis that cosmopolitanism and patriotism are more compatible than what is assumed. MacIntyre understands patriotism as a loyalty to one’s nation and he equates it to a love of one’s family, friends and

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