There is evidence and arguments that behavioral learning can be impacted by human nature, social environment, and personal factors in human being lives . Freud psychodynamic theory plays the causes of behavior in the individual in which states that behavior was driven by unconscious impulses and complexes within the individual personal and behavior aspects. Behavioral Learning Social learning theory is one of the most influential theories because it is the view people learn by observing others. Social learning theory is one of the most influential theories of learning and human development and is rooted in many of the basic concepts of traditional learning.
As such, this self system serves a self-regulatory function by providing individuals with the capability to influence their own cognitive processes and actions and thus alter their environments. Bandura argued that self reflection is the most unique characteristic of human beings. Through self reflection, individuals evaluate their own experiences and thought processes. Self reflective judgments include perceptions of self efficacy beliefs. Potent, affective, episodic and evaluative nature of beliefs makes them a filter through which new phenomena are interpreted.
This case study throws light on the focus of the systems theory when compared with individualistic, psychotherapeutic practices such as psychodynamic or cognitive behavioural practice. Other social work theories don’t offer any base for including work with others except the client only. Social works involve working with all the elements of the society and its engagement with the client and all systems influencing the client. This theory aims at recognising the context and whether it extends from the importance of
Self-Efficacy: Self-efficacy, also referred as personal efficacy, is confidence in one 's own ability to achieve intended results. Psychologists have studied self-efficacy from many perspectives, noting various paths in the development of self-efficacy; the dynamics of self-efficacy, and lack thereof, in several different settings; interactions between self-efficacy and self-concept; and habits of attribution that contribute to, or detract from, self-efficacy. Self-efficacy affects almost each and every area of human endeavour. By determining the beliefs a person holds regarding his or her power to affect situations, it strongly influences both the choices a person is most likely and to make and the power a person actually has to face challenges
Jung’s Analytical Approach to the Therapeutic Relationship Jung’s approach digressed from Freudian deterministic psychology, with an emphasis on the development of the human psyche and its potential throughout the lifespan. In opposition to Freud, Jung advocated an open, engaging and empathic relationship between both client and therapist (Hill & Mullen, 1992). Jung (1933) proposed that the ultimate aim of therapy is a joint transformation, which mutually takes place between client and therapist. At this stage, the relationship becomes critical, whereby the therapist acts as a medium through which change is possible through his influence on his patients. Jung places importance on the client and therapist interaction, rather than the methodologies adopted.
The personhood argument can be articulated in two popular versions: Mary Anne Warren 's version and Michael Tooley 's desire version. These two more arguments take the idea of the distinction between the descriptive concept of human being and the normative concept of the person to its extreme logical conclusion. Warren is responsible for creating the distinction between genetic and moral humanity in the first place. Warren advances a strict psychological standard for personhood. According to Warren, a person is defined as a full-fledged member of a moral community.
Classic figures such as Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, Markx and Michel foucalut also invoke for the idea. Essentially, however, Ross is concerned with classifying and labeling institutions and practices, much like Max Weber a few years after him. Interactions of individuals and generations there emerges a kind of collective mind evincing itself in living ideals, conventions, dogmas, institutions, and religious sentiments which are more or less happily adapted to the task of safeguarding the collective welfare from the ravages of egoism. Order, then, is equated with peaceful social relations and a degree of collective harmony. It is equally the opposite of a ruling class’s exploitation of subordinate groups, which Ross calls class control, not Social Control (Marx Disposition)
It is the decision making component of personality. Ideally the ego works by reason, whereas the id is totally unreasonable. The ego operates according to the reality principle, working out realistic ways of satisfying the id’s demands. The ego considers social realities and norms, etiquette and rules in deciding how to behave.
Reciprocal determinism is one of the most vital ideas created by Bandura (1986) (Huitt 2006). An individual's conduct is both affected by and impacts an individual's personal factors and the environment is suggested from this viewpoint (Huitt 2006). Psychologist Albert Bandura acknowledges the use of consequences to condition an individual’s behaviour while also observing that an individual’s conduct can affect the environment (Huitt 2006). The same is valid for the relationship between personal factors, for example, cognitive skills or attitudes and behavior or the environment; each one can affect and be affected by the other