He used allusions, anaphora, and parallelism. King’s use of anaphora and parallelism were vital to his effectiveness. For example, he used parallelism to clarify an essential point in his speech like using, “Now is the time…” and “We can never be satisfied…” to begin sentences. His uses of allusions were also useful due to the fact they had to do with gaining equality. King used these allusions as precursors to the purpose of his speech, to gain equality using peaceful protests.
Kennedy has many emotional appeals to the audience as well. This emotional appeal, where a speaker can try and make the audience feel emotional towards the topic they are trying to convey is called pathos. John F. Kennedy said, “To those people in huts and villages of half the globe struggling to break the bond of mass misery, we pledge our best efforts to help them help themselves, for whatever period is required” (Eidenmuller). Kennedy tried to make the audience actually feel an emotional attachment to the penniless people in the United States. His reasoning for doing so was he hoped his words would touch the hearts of his audience and persuade them to work together and strive to save the unfortunate people in poverty.
Near the beginning of his renowned essay, "Civil Disobedience," Henry David Thoreau appeals to his fellow citizens when he says, "...I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government." This request serves as a starting point from which the rest of "Civil Disobedience" emerges. Thoreau 's essay is particularly compelling because of its incorporation of rhetorical strategies, including the use of logos, ethos, pathos, purposive discourse, rhetorical competence and identification. I will demonstrate how each of these rhetorical techniques benefit Thoreau 's persuasive argument. Thoreau uses logos throughout his essay to strengthen his argument with reasoning.
By using positive and negative words Kennedy is able to make his opinion clear. The audience is able to see Kennedy’s negative opinion on the rising steel prices and his positive opinion on what different organizations are doing to help with the current steel crisis. Throughout Kennedy’s speech he uses many rhetorical strategies making his address it easy to listen to understand.
“Why the Nazi’s Loved America” by James Whitman is an article highlighting what Nazism means to the U.S. and how in some ways Nazism was drawn from the American Model. Whitman uses facts and statistics (logos), emotion (pathos), and credibility (ethos) build his argument that the Nazi’s loved America. Whitman’s appeal to logic (logos) are his strongest arguments. Logos appeals to the readers’ common sense, beliefs or values. Whitman uses two kinds of proofs in order to persuade his audience.
I believe King’s letter had a stronger argument than Swifts because King knew what his ultimate goal was. He was swaying people to his side of supporting equality while I felt like I had to solve a puzzle to find out what Swift was trying to accomplish. I also felt like Swifts audience did not understand his satire. King truly believes what he is fighting for and with that mindset, nothing is unreachable. Swift did not believe in what he was saying, he only wanted to catch the people attention on problems he never clearly states.
Let both sides, for the first time, formulate serious and precise proposals for the inspection and control of arms- and bring the absolute power to destroy other nations under the absolute control of all nations.”(16) JFK uses parallelism, phrases in the statements that are repeated and identical in structure, in this quote to introduce the idea of justice and liberty between the nations. When he applies parallelism as a rhetorical device, he uses it to build up the thought of what we can accomplish together as a world instead of against each other. He stacks these motivational statements up to catch the audience's attention, in order to fulfill the purpose for his speech which is to create unity. In these five stanzas of parallelism, he confronts the world with an option between war and peace, no matter if they are an enemy or ally. Using unity as an argument he makes the audience question their stance in the world since his strong statement destroys individual nationalism, instead it creates a culturally unified country filled with justice and nationalism on a larger scale.
In the extract of President Ronald Reagan speech, Reagan discusses the critical necessity for freedom in countries and the lacking of it in Communist worlds, such as the Soviet Union. He achieves this by incorporating logos and pathos, to persuade the audience to question their own beliefs and see his point of view, multiple uses of repetition to enforce his views and thoughts, and several examples of syntax to further amplify the purpose of his essay. Logos and pathos are both used regularly by Reagan in his speech in order to persuade his listeners of taking his words into consideration and swaying their opinions. He uses pathos to emotionally persuade people by directly addressing General Secretary Gorbachev, to open the gate and tear down the Berlin wall if he truly sought peace, prosperity and liberalization. To the audience, it would seem ridiculous not to agree with Reagan’s statement, which is something both Reagan and Gorbachev would know.
Each of them tried their best to persuade the audience to choose their side. Antony gave a more persuasive speech with better use of rhetorical devices such as epistrophe, rhetorical question, and verbal irony. Mark Antony effectively uses rhetorical question throughout his speech, leaving doubt in the back of everyone's minds. “Did this in Caesar seem ambitious?”(III,ii), is the most important rhetorical question Antony kept repeating. It made the crowd wonder if Caesar was ambitious, they also began to speculate whether he was doing it for the good of the country, or for himself.
Robert F. Kennedy uses repetition to show the crowd how we are all the same, to prevent people from reacting too much and starting riots. Throought his speech kennedy repeats the words hatred, black, white, love, difficult, and passion. By saying these words he is making the crowd focus on that part of the message he is sending with the speech,really getting through to the crowd. Antony in his speech used his repetition to get the crowd to think instead of just telling them right away in the speech. He repeats “So are they all, all honorable men Come I to speak in Caesar’s funeral.He was my friend, faithful and just to me.But Brutus says he was ambitious,And Brutus is an honorable man“(act 3 scene 2).