He is mostly known for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2, which has been recognized as "the world 's most famous equation". ii. Can you give me an example of one of his contributions do science? 1. In the year of 1905, Albert Einstein published a paper advancing the hypothesis that light energy is carried in discrete quantized packets to explain experimental data from the photoelectric effect.
J. Robert Oppenheimer Imagine how famous you would be if you were intelligent enough to help hundreds of scientists and physicists assemble nuclear weapons? Physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer must have felt the same way During World War II. Julius Robert Oppenheimer was born on April 22, 1904, in New York City. He was known as "The Father of the Atomic Bomb" because of his assistance with assembling nuclear weapons during World War II. He is also known for the Born-Oppenheimer Approximation; the assumption that the electronic motion and the nuclear motion in molecules can be separated.
On October 11, 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt received a letter from Albert Einstein about the splitting of the uranium atom which could be beneficial in developing weapons for America during World War II. The Manhattan Project was constructed during World War II by the United States to develop the first nuclear weapon/atomic bomb (The Manhattan Project” 2015).
The invention of the atomic bomb was a turning point in World War 2 when they dropped the bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The atomic bomb forced Japan to surrender and end the war faster. Also, Einstein had a huge contribution to the invention of the television. His quantum theory of light made scientists better understand light and what it can do. This also led to modern day screen devices such as smartphones, computers, and laptops (Advergize).
1831- Using his invention the induction ring, Michael Faraday proved that electricity can be induced (made) by changes in an electromagnetic field. Faraday’s experiments about how electric current works, led to the understanding of electrical transformers and motors. This experiment became Faraday’s Law, which became one of the Maxwell Equations (Administrator, 2007). 1890 - Heinrich Hertz (1857-1894) a German physicist, laid the ground work for the vacuum tube. He laid the foundation for the future development of radio, telephone, telegraph, and even television.
Thesis Statement and Supporting Reasons Thesis: As a result of the urgency of World War II, an immense amount of resources were provided to the Manhattan Project that ultimately lead to success in America’s creation of an atomic weapon. Reasons: Assembled together for the Manhattan Project, scientists from several different nations banded together to research and design the atomic bomb. Scientists came from America, Germany, Italy, and Austria Many fled in danger of religious or ethnic persecution (Roleff 57). The scientists were able to enlist the help of Albert Einstein in order to gain support for the Manhattan Project (McKain 18). Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard created the first nuclear pile in Chicago, 1942 (Roleff 54).
He concentrated on maintaining world peace and watched with pleasure the development of his "atoms for peace" program. Eisenhower made his "atoms for peace" speech on December 8, 1953. The speech talked about the nuclear bomb race between the United States and the Soviet Union, the United States already dropped two nuclear bombs on Japan in 1945, ending war between the US and Japan, and also in the after years of World War II the US tested even stronger bombs. In 1949 the Soviet Union achieved its own nuclear capacity, then both nations raced to create a more powerful bomb. The United States did so in 1952 making a very powerful "hydrogen bomb," a fews days after Eisenhower was elected.
Rhetorical Analysis of “Peace in the Atomic Era” The military gives people a sense of protection, which is important, but how much is too much? On February 19, 1950, Albert Einstein gave a speech at Princeton University titled “Peace in the Atomic Era”. In the speech he was discussing his opinion on what he stated was the “most important political question”. He constructed a well argument which persuaded his audience that security through ordnance isn’t a way to achieve peace throughout the nations, but collaboration is. In his speech Einstein used multiple persuasive techniques to support his argument, such as logos, pathos, and rhetorical questions.
Eisenhower used these precise words to let his audience know that the United States was not the only country who had knowledge of deadly atomic weapons. Not only our allies, but also our enemies, knew of the power of atomic weaponry. The use of promise of gain, Eisenhower is very adamant in his speech, about the great power that could be achieved by atomic energy and what great benefit it would be not only in America but the world. Eisenhower said in his speech “The more important responsibility of this atomic energy agency would be to devise methods whereby this fissionable material would be allocated to serve the peaceful pursuits of mankind. Experts would be mobilized to apply atomic energy to the needs of agriculture, medicine, and other peaceful activities.
According to the textbook, Germany had a team of scientists, which developed the idea of the atomic bomb. The United States decided to research on the atomic bomb because the country was very interested in this creation. However, Roosevelt was in fear of the consequences that could come about and therefore authorized an American atomic initiative. The result of this top-secret effort became known as the Manhattan Project and this eventually changed the course of human history. Additionally, the atomic bomb was tested and later labeled successful after the Manhattan Project began in 1942.