Majority 14 (46.7%) of the sample’s family monthly income was Rs.15,000 or less. Majority 15 (50%) of the sample was receiving HD treatment since 2 years. Majority 27 (90%) of the sample was receiving HD treatment twice in a week. All 30 (100%) sample was receiving 4 hours HD treatment in each HD session. Section 2: Knowledge of patients undergoing HD regarding therapeutic diet The investigators found that in the pre-test, majority 23 (76.7) patents had good knowledge, whereas in the post-test, all 30 (100%) patients go very good knowledge.
In most cases, water was used as the solvent to the reaction mixture to dissolve the inorganic compound. The organic compounds will be separated from the aqueous mixture by extraction with an organic solvent that is immiscible with water. Therefore, they will form two layers when they are mixed together. The denser liquid will form the bottom layer. (Conversely, miscible liquids are soluble in each other.)
A retrospective study of 136 acute poisoning cases, majority of them were organophosphorus compounds (36%). Maximum mortality was found in patients who were brought after 8 hrs of ingestion of poison, followed by 5- 8 hrs. Patient admitted within 2 hours of ingestion had least mortality (P=0.01). Patient who died due to organophosphorus compound poisoning (n=13) had respiratory arrest (n=9), pneumonia and septicemia (n=3) and sudden cardiac arrest (n=1).12 Zaheer M S et al (2009). conducted a study in tertiary care hospital Aligarh.
Trabeculectomy Bleb Function after uneventful phacoemulsification Abstract Background: The aim of this study was to compare superior and temporal clear corneal incisions of uneventful phacoemulsification and in-the-bag intraocular lens implantation on intraocular pressure control and the bleb morphology in eyes that have undergone previous successful trabeculectomy. Methods: In this Prospective case-control study, a total of 100 eyes of 100 patients previously undergone trabeculectomy without antimetabolites, divided into two groups. Group A (temporal group) including 50 patients underwent phacoemulsification with a temporal corneal incision and group B (superior group) including 50 patients underwent phacoemulsification with a superior corneal
The total serum protein concentration (C) was calculated as follows: C (mg/dl) = A sample × concentration of the standard A standard. 18.104.22.168 Albumin Serum albumin was determined using Bromocresol Green (BCG) method (Peter et al 1982). Measurement of serum albumin is based on its quantitative binding to the indicator 5, 5-dicromo-o-cresolsulphonaphthaline (bromocresol green, BCG). Non-haemoloysed serum was mixed with a buffered BCG reagent and incubated at 20-25oC for 5minutes. The absorbance of the sample and that of the standard were measured against the reagent blank at a wavelength of 630nm and albumin was calculated as follows: g/l = Δ A sample / Δ A standard × standard concentration (6%) (Where A = absorbance).
This formulation is equipotent to Diprivan but is associated with a higher incidence of pain on injection.24 An alternative to emulsion formulations of propofol and associated side effects (pain on injection, risk of infection, hypertriglyceridemia, pulmonary embolism) is creation of a prodrug (Aqauvan) by cleaving groups to the parent compound that increase its water solubility (phosphate monoesters, hemisuccinates). Propofol is liberated after hydrolysis by endothelial cell surface alkaline phosphatases. In this regard, injection of the water-soluble prodrug results in propofol and dose dependent sedative effects. Compared with propofol, this prodrug has a larger volume of distribution and higher potency.24 A nonlipid formulation of propofol uses cyclodextrins as a solublilizing agent. Cyclodextrins are ring sugar molecules that form guest (propofol)-host complexes migrating between the hydrophilic center of the cyclodextrin molecule and the water-soluble phase.
Patients and methods In this study, 35 eyes of 20 patients with dry-eye disease were included. Ten patients (20 eyes) had dry eyes associated with systemic rheumatologic disease (Sjogren?s syndrome), five patients (10 eyes) had dry eyes after undergoing laser in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK), and five patients (five eyes) had dry eyes after cataract surgery. The patients were treated with cyclosporine 0.05% eye drops. Detailed history was taken from all patients, including age, sex, previous medical and ocular diseases, and duration of symptoms. For all patients, routine ophthalmic examination was carried out.
Those which aggregated with salt particles and formed clumps were considered hydrophobic. E.coli grown on MacConkey agar plates were inoculated into 1 ml of Phosphate buffer saline (PBS) at pH 6.8 and turbidity was matched with McFarland tubes 6 or 7 to get a colony count of 5x109 colonies/ ml. Different molar concentrations of ammonium sulphate namely 0.625M, 1.25M and 2.5M were prepared. One loopful (10µl) of bacterial suspension made in PBS was mixed with equal volume of ammonium sulphate solutions of different molarity on a clean glass slide and observed for one minute while rotating. The highest dilution of ammonium sulphate solution giving visible clumping of bacteria was noted as the salt aggregation test value.
Specific tablet applications include antacid preparations, glyceryl trinitrate tablets, and vitamin preparations. Mannitol is commonly used as an excipient in the manufacture of chewable tablet formulations because of its negative heat of solution, sweetness, and ‘mouth feel’. 4.2.4 Hypromellose / Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose52,67 1) Nonproprietary Names BP: Hypromellose JP: