Majority 27 (90%) of the sample was receiving HD treatment twice in a week. All 30 (100%) sample was receiving 4 hours HD treatment in each HD session. Section 2: Knowledge of patients undergoing HD regarding therapeutic diet The investigators found that in the pre-test, majority 23 (76.7) patents had good knowledge, whereas in the post-test, all 30 (100%) patients go very good knowledge. The pre-test scores ranged from 26- 34 with the mean of 29.57 whereas the post-test scores ranged from 35-40 with the mean of
The organic compounds will be separated from the aqueous mixture by extraction with an organic solvent that is immiscible with water. Therefore, they will form two layers when they are mixed together. The denser liquid will form the bottom layer. (Conversely, miscible liquids are soluble in each other.) The organic compounds would dissolve in extraction solvent and the inorganic impurities would remain dissolved in the water.
A retrospective study of 136 acute poisoning cases, majority of them were organophosphorus compounds (36%). Maximum mortality was found in patients who were brought after 8 hrs of ingestion of poison, followed by 5- 8 hrs. Patient admitted within 2 hours of ingestion had least mortality (P=0.01). Patient who died due to organophosphorus compound poisoning (n=13) had respiratory arrest (n=9), pneumonia and septicemia (n=3) and sudden cardiac arrest (n=1).12 Zaheer M S et al (2009). conducted a study in tertiary care hospital Aligarh.
Trabeculectomy Bleb Function after uneventful phacoemulsification Abstract Background: The aim of this study was to compare superior and temporal clear corneal incisions of uneventful phacoemulsification and in-the-bag intraocular lens implantation on intraocular pressure control and the bleb morphology in eyes that have undergone previous successful trabeculectomy. Methods: In this Prospective case-control study, a total of 100 eyes of 100 patients previously undergone trabeculectomy without antimetabolites, divided into two groups.
C (mg/dl) = A sample × concentration of the standard A standard. 184.108.40.206 Albumin Serum albumin was determined using Bromocresol Green (BCG) method (Peter et al 1982). Measurement of serum albumin is based on its quantitative binding to the indicator 5, 5-dicromo-o-cresolsulphonaphthaline (bromocresol green, BCG).
This formulation is equipotent to Diprivan but is associated with a higher incidence of pain on injection.24 An alternative to emulsion formulations of propofol and associated side effects (pain on injection, risk of infection, hypertriglyceridemia, pulmonary embolism) is creation of a prodrug (Aqauvan) by cleaving groups to the parent compound that increase its water solubility (phosphate monoesters, hemisuccinates). Propofol is liberated after hydrolysis by endothelial cell surface alkaline phosphatases. In this regard, injection of the water-soluble prodrug results in propofol and dose dependent sedative effects. Compared with propofol, this prodrug has a larger volume of distribution and higher potency.24 A nonlipid formulation of propofol uses cyclodextrins as a solublilizing agent.
Patients and methods In this study, 35 eyes of 20 patients with dry-eye disease were included. Ten patients (20 eyes) had dry eyes associated with systemic rheumatologic disease (Sjogren?s syndrome), five patients (10 eyes) had dry eyes after undergoing laser in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK), and five patients (five eyes) had dry eyes after cataract surgery. The patients were treated with cyclosporine 0.05% eye drops.
Those which aggregated with salt particles and formed clumps were considered hydrophobic. E.coli grown on MacConkey agar plates were inoculated into 1 ml of Phosphate buffer saline (PBS) at pH 6.8 and turbidity was matched with McFarland tubes 6 or 7 to get a colony count of 5x109 colonies/ ml. Different molar concentrations of ammonium sulphate namely 0.625M, 1.25M and 2.5M were prepared. One loopful (10µl) of bacterial suspension made in PBS was mixed with equal volume of ammonium sulphate solutions of different molarity on a clean glass slide and observed for one minute while rotating. The highest dilution of ammonium sulphate solution giving visible clumping of bacteria was noted as the salt aggregation test value.
Mannitol is commonly used as an excipient in the manufacture of chewable tablet formulations because of its negative heat of solution, sweetness, and ‘mouth feel’. 4.2.4 Hypromellose / Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose52,67 1) Nonproprietary Names BP: Hypromellose JP:
The median age was 50 years (range: 18–89years). All had pathological confirmation of the diagnosis. The male to female ratio was 1:1.2. Nonfunctional pituitary adenomas represented 60% (109/183) of the tumors. Median follow-up was 36 months (range: 1week - 78 months).
A total of 52 patients were enrolled, 25 in Group 1 and 27 in Group 2 (Table 1). The mean postoperative follow-up period was 18 months in Group 1 (range, 12–24 mo) and 18.2 months in Group 2 (range, 14–24 mo). In Group 1 (OD), there were 10 men and 15 women, with a mean age of 58 + 12.4 years. The vertebral level affected was L4–L5 in 14 patients (57.9%), L5–S1 in eight patients (42.1%) and double level in 3 patients. All patients in Group 1 presented with preoperative neurologenic claudication; 0% had motor deficits, 72% had sensory deficits (18 out of 25), and 40% had impaired or absent reflexes (10 out of 25).
In 2007–08, 898 800 people or 4.1 per cent of the Australian population reported that they had medically diagnosed diabetes. The rate for diabetes was higher for males than females in most age groups. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have one of the highest prevalence rates
CHADS2 assigns one point each for congestive heart failure, hypertension, age 75 or older, and diabetes, and two points for a previous stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). Compared to CHADS2 score, CHA2DS2-VASc score includes three additional factors: vascular disease (prior MI, PAD or aortic plaque), age 65-74 years, and female gender. Each additional factor counts as one point, while an age 75 or older was upgraded to two points. The CHA2DS2-VASc score includes categories of 0 (low risk), 1 (intermediate risk), and 2 or more (high risk). The 2014 AHA/ACC AF Guidelines recommend