Alexander III Of Macedon: A Military Genius

898 Words4 Pages
Alexander III of Macedon, commonly known as Alexander the Great, was born in Pella in July 356 BCE and died in Babylon in June 323 BCE. He was the son of King Philip II of Macedon, and succeeded his father as king after his decease in 336 BCE. He then went on to conquer most of the known world of his day – subduing a realm which stretched from Macedonia and Greece, via Egypt to the Indus Valley – earning the name “Alexander the Great” for both being a military genius, and because of his diplomatic skills in how he handled the various populations of the regions he conquered.

Alexander was born to parents King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympias. He was highly influenced by his parents; Alexander learned the art of warfare from his father,
…show more content…
For instance, when conquering the city of Tyre, he slaughtered the inhabitants of the city because of their stubborn resistance, and sold the survivors into slavery. This shows just how ruthless he was.

After his conquest of the Persian Empire in 327 BCE, Alexander turned his attention towards India. However, when he had reached the river Ganges, his troops mutinied and refused to go any further. Alexander returned to Babylon, where he in June 323 BCE died after suffering from a high fever for ten days.

When Alexander defeated the Persian Empire, the bloc preventing the spread of Greek settlements into the East disappeared. Alexander’s most certain historical achievement, though it was unintended, was that the western Asia, all the way up to the Mesopotamian frontier, for the first time became part of the Greek world. As result of his conquests, the Greek culture spread through the western Asia, leading to the unification of Greek, Egyptian and Mesopotamian culture, also known as the
…show more content…
However, the anabasis has nothing to say about Alexander’s early life before he became king of Macedonia.

Another source of Alexander the Great’s existence is Plutarch 's Life of Alexander, which is one of only five extant tertiary sources on him. It includes anecdotes and descriptions of events that does not appear in any other source. Considering this, it is impossible to know how much of it is reliable, as some of the information may be inaccurate. Additionally, it is difficult to know if what he states about Alexander’s life has actually happened, due to the fact that there are no other sources. Alexander the Great is considered one of the most brilliant military commanders and rulers in history. I believe this view is correct. Alexander took part in many battles throughout his reign, and though his troops faced overwhelming numbers many times, he remained undefeated in every
Open Document