When Alexander was 18, he became the military captain.(“McGill”). But soon after that, Alexander became king of Macedon. After Alexander had a firm grip over Greece, he organized a campaign against the Persians.(“McGill”). Before Alexander left Greece with his army, he went to the town of Delphi to consult the oracle of Apollo. Alexander demanded that the oracle tell him of his future and his campaign.
After attacking Gaza, Egypt did not put a fight on and made it easy to conquer. In 331 bc, Alexander created the city of Alexandria. Later that same year Alexander defeated the Persians once again at the battle of Gaugamela. Now with the complete collapse of the Persian army, Alexander became the King of Babylon, King of Asia, and the King of Four Quarters of the World. In 327 bc, Alexander captured Ariamazes fortress.
Alexander and his mother fled to the country of Epirus to seek safety from Philip’s rage. After King philip was murdered in 336 B.C. Alexander would do anything to take control of the throne. When Alexander did take control of the throne he started to quickly eradicate all his enemies. After King Philip’s death, many countries under the control of Macedonia started to rebel and try to gain independence. Alexander quickly invaded Greece and showed that his authority would be respected.
Eighteen year old Octavius left Macedonia immediately and went to Rome when he heard that Caesar was assassinated and responded by announcing that he would avenge Caesar 's death, pay Caesar 's bequest to Roman citizens that Mark Antony ignored and celebrate gladiatorial games in honors of Julius Caesar when. Octavius actions caused him popularity and caused his rivalry, Mark Antony to withdraw and seek support outside of Rome. As Octavian was growing in age, in political skills and also by his actions, he was granted with Julius Caesars veterans and head of the army. Instead of a civil war against Anthony and his supporters in Gaul, Octavius was forced to negotiate with his opponents where he would benefit. Octavius, Lepidus and Anthony formed an alliance called ' 'the second triumvirate ' ' in which they divided the Roman empire into three parts.
The goal of both the philosophers is same, but the way they approach it is altogether different. Plato regards world of forms as eternal and calls thought/idea as the supreme reality through which he undermines the physical world. While as Rumi regards the world of meaning as supreme and everlasting through which he undermines the world of forms (physical world for Rumi). Rumi beautifully explains this through the following verses: “forms are the oil, meaning the light- otherwise, You would not keep asking why.
At this time Zhao Xie was king of Zhao, Chen Yu was in command of the army, and Zhang Er was prime minister. All fled and took refuge within the walls of Julu. Zhang Han ordered Wang Li and She Jian to encircle the city, while himself camped to the south and constructed a walled road along which to transport supplies of grain. Chen Yu, the Zhao general, with a force of some 20,000 or 30,000 men, camped north of Julu. This was the so-called Army North of the
Alexander became king of Corinthian League by eliminating his enemies. Alexander’s ego and reputation was very important to him. He inherited one of the largest empires by battling and over taking other kingdoms. He used his honorable position to launch a project his father had previously planned. The plan was called “Panhellenic project” and it was to lead the Greeks on a conquest to rule all of the land including Persia.
The Cicones are allies of the Trojans and therefore enemies of Odysseus ( IX. 26) . This shows that Odysseus has the courage and heart of an adventurer because he would dare to land on enemy territory where him and his crew are clearly outnumbered, however this doesn 't seem to phase him. Odysseus is a traveler who loves the thrill of adventure and journeying, so it certainly helped having superhuman strength and
One of the reasons Theseus is more a hero than Bellerophon or Jason is due to his early years. Unlike the other two heroes, Theseus has an immortal father. Poseidon, the Earthshaker, is Theseus’ father, who also shares the title with King Aegeus of Athens. Like all Greek heroes, Theseus has a royal, yet a mortal mother named Aethra. Although Theseus did not have a part in a prophecy upon his birth, he did have two childhood accomplishments.
29TH DYNASTY There is some discrepancy as to whether Hakoris was the second of the third king of the Twenty-ninth Dynasty. Psammuthis is the king in which the confusion is associated with because he is shown to have ruled during the same year as Hakoris (393 BC). Hakoris reigned for thirteen years and built many monuments which are found in all parts of Egypt. During his reign there was peace between Persia and Sparta. Persia was free to move against Egypt and there was a three-year war between the two.
The Thebans soon revolted after his assassination, it was then when his son Alexander the Great who quickly took control of the throne and halted the Thebans revolt, burning their city Thebes to the ground. Alexander then looked at the rest of the world and only two years later did he cross Hellespont into Asia and defeat Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Issus. This victory further pushed King Philip’s plan to get revenge on the Persians for their acts in the Peloponnesian Wars and to also take control of Asia. By the time it was 332 BC Alexander had conquered Egypt and found the city of Alexandria which he named after himself. Alexander then went to Mesopotamia where he, once again, defeated Darius III.
Darius I shifted his forces to the bay at Marathon. Highly outnumbered, the Athenians boldly confronted and defeated the Persians and forced them to renounce further invasion plans. Xerxes, son of Darius now sought the blood of his enemies.
As the first half of the fourth century approached, many frequent disputes and temporary alliances between conflicting groups in Greek cities resulted due to their own independent interests. In 360 B.C., Philip II was crowned king of Macedonia, who in less than a decade was able to defeat most of Macedonia 's neighboring enemies, including the Paionians, Illyrians and the Thracians. It was in 338 B.C when Philip II completed what was known as the last segment of his dominance, he became known as the indisputable ruler of Macedonia. His plans for expansion and war against Asia were cut short due to his assassination in 336 B.C. The reign of Alexander the Great, son of Philip II, would change the aspect of Europe and Asia forever.
Persians lost 100,000 soldiers on foot and 10,000 cavalry while Alexander only lost 1,200 in all. Although Darius wanted to return to his family, he promised Alexander half of his kingdom, Alexander refused. Instead, Alexander challenged him to stand and fight, and he wanted to meet again in Gaugamela where Darius would again run away, but this time he would meet his death. In conclusion, Alexander the Great changed many things in the ancient world.