Alexander The Great Cosmopolitanism

1571 Words7 Pages

All in all, Aristotle’s philosophy made an astounding influence. In fact, it is in Aristotle’s Philosophy that Alexander the Great, which the former tutored in 347 BCE, laid down the foundations of the latter’s empire. Throughout Alexander’s rule, the influence of Aristotle, his mentor, can be seen in the former’s skillful and diplomatic handling of difficult problems throughout his career. When Alexander became a king, he had set forth on a Persian expedition to expand his empire. Perhaps, it is the experience of the encounter between people’s that played a huge role in the development of the idea of cosmopolitanism, the idea that a man is a citizen of the world.
Aristotle's writings, like Plato's, have influenced virtually every avenue …show more content…

Even before Alexander began his conquest of the known world in 336 BCE, the Greek culture had spread through the Mediterranean region. Alexander would have been a totally hellenized person if not because of his teacher, Aristotle. But being partly hellenized, he saw Hellenization as an admirable sovereign strategy because for him, it could help build unify his expanding dominion.
One of the hellenistic philosophies which prevailed during the Hellenistic period was Stoicism, which gives much credence on what the individual should do to become a better person-to become a wise, just person. One notable Stoic was Marcus Aurelius who was a Roman emperor. The stoics believed that in order for us to be better, people who are just and wise, we must train our impulses which influences how we behave. We must always be in harmony with our nature. Another Hellenistic philosophy that existed during that period was skepticism. The skeptics uphold that humans must refrain from believing all dogmas. Nothing can be really known. Rene Descartes and Michel de Montaigne were only few among the many who took as the starting point of their quest for knowledge the skeptical …show more content…

He had made a huge influence during the enlightenment era. It was him who led the transcendence from rationalism and empiricism. His theory of justice was also momentous. In contrast to Descartes’ individualistic view of justice, Kant posited a notion of justice that is grounded by the rule of law. We can’t just tap others and necessitate them to be virtuous, because virtue is a free act of the will. But even if that is the case, we can still urge them to follow the rules of the law, and that those who would violate would be

Open Document