In Race in America, Matthew Desmond and Mustafa Emirbayer highlight misbeliefs that people think to be true about racism. There are five fallacies: the individualistic fallacy, the legalistic fallacy, the tokenistic fallacy, the fixed fallacy, and the ahistorical fallacy. The individualistic fallacy maintains that racism is only clear, spoken interpersonal prejudices. This is harmful because it completely ignores systematic and structural racism. People that fall under the legalistic fallacy think that removing racist laws ends racism in everyday life.
Similarly, in “America Has a Big Race Problem”, Nesbit summarizes a study conducted at the University of Chicago: “many Americans still do, in fact, harbor beliefs about racial and ethnic minorities” (Nesbit). This study confirms that racism is now of the individual, as not all Americans harbor these beliefs. Moreover, in “Government and politics won’t solve our racial problem”, the author defines the difference between racial bigotry and institutionalized racism, and declares that racial bigotry, not institutionalized racism, plagues our nation. Parker defines racial bigotry as “personal behavior...personal affairs of the heart” (Parker). The inclusion of ‘“personal” in the definition implies that the behavior is of an individual.
The piece of writing which I felt was unsuccessful for me was the Rhetorical Analysis of an article relating to a topic from our course book The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander. This piece of writing was difficult for me to organize my ideas around. The article that I decided to use for my rhetorical analysis highlighted mass incarceration among African American and the effect of civil liberties being are taken away from these individuals. I had a lot of repetition because many of the examples I used demonstrated more than one type of appeal. I found myself repeating what the purpose of the example was and how it demonstrated proper use of ethos, pathos, and logos.
Virginia” par 2).” Some of the same morals and biases used to make African- American’s feel inferior were applied to this case. The same prejudice used with Jim Crow Laws was some of Virginia’s ammunition against the Loving’s. I do agree with the court’s verdict of the case.
The author calls this a “Racial Caste System” because it discriminates like it never has before, since it allows anyone who is labeled a “felon” to be legally discriminated against with housing, education, employment and voting rights. Since many more people of color are made felons than white by mass incarceration, racial discrimination is a powerful as it was under slavery or under the post-slavery era of Jim Crow
Lee uses Miss Gates’s ironic views of Hitler and Tom’s trial to show how racial prejudice causes crimes against African Americans to be considered less than crimes committed against white people. A mockingbird is then used to symbolize Tom Robinson as an innocent person wrongly convicted of a crime because of his skin color. The misunderstood characterization of Arthur Radley shows how society will let prejudice guide their imaginated view on the lives of people they don't understand. All three characters provide examples of how a preconceived opinion of one person or a whole race can cause drastic misunderstandings and
It may not be cause for concern if one is unfairly found guilty for a simple act, such as, stealing a cookie, but what if the act in question was more severe… more intense so to say. What if one were to be blamed for a crime as serious as murder? Worst, what if the reason for conviction was based primarily on the color of an individual’s skin and an untrustworthy testimony. In order to inform his listeners of such injustice towards African-Americans within in the United States, in particular, Rubin Carter, Bob Dylan skillfully employs the rhetorical strategies of imagery, pathos, and metaphor in his popular song “Hurricane”.
To summarize the article “Racial Profiling is Morally Wrong and Based on False Assumptions”, by James A. Kowalski, he argues that racial profiling is by no means effective, or good. It solves no problems, and causes people to fear law enforcement. Racial profiling is when an individual is suspected of a crime by law enforcement because of their race, ethnicity, religion, or national origin. For example, “all blacks are gang members”. In addition to Kowalski’s arguments, he references the Zimmerman case from 2012 as an example of racial profiling gone wrong.
Minorities often receive a lower quality education that their white counterparts, live in environments not conducive to producing productive members of society, and are forced to endure unjust discrimination. The justice system has coined the phrase “innocent until proven guilty,” but a more accurate motto might be “Innocent unless not white”. There is no city that serves as a better example of how blacks are unfairly discriminated against that New York City. Since 2002, New York City has had a Stop-and-Frisk policy in place allowing police to stop any citizen on the street and search them for illegal contraband The justification for the policy is highly questionable, and the statistics on the policy prove that it has discriminatory motives. The Stop-and-Frisk street interrogations have proven to be wildly inefficient with “nearly nine out of 10” of the “more than 5 million” New Yorkers who have been stopped having been “completely innocent” (“Stop-and-Frisk” 1).
Jason L. Riley is an American journalist, who works as a member of the editorial board of the The Wall Street Journal editorial board. Some of this work includes “Mistrusting Obama on ISIS—and Refugees”, “Liberals Don’t Want a Discussion About Race”, “The False Income-Inequality Narrative”, and a lot more articles. In “The Mythical Connection Between Immigrants and Crime”, Riley discusses how it is not true that immigrant are not criminals. He argues that” that immigrants—regardless of nationality or legal status—are less likely than the native population to commit violent crimes or to be incarcerated”. I will use this article to argue against the claims that some people make against undocumented immigrants, on how every undocumented immigrant
Explain how the two rulings are examples of judicial restraint or judicial activism use evidence from the reading to back up your response. The Plessy V. Ferguson1896 case is an example of judicial restraint. It is an example of judicial restraint because the argument Plessy made supports the idea that segregation is not equality, it makes the black race feel inferior. The court disagreed because it isn’t legal or political therefore constitutional by technicality.
Racial profiling is morally wrong: I cannot stress this point enough racial profiling is morally and ethically wrong. It degrades the American psyche by treating its citizens as second class citizens. It generalizes,it paints with broad strokes that minorities are criminals and worthy of profiling. Not to mention that profiling by The United States is Hypocritical a country that promotes liberty,freedom and ideals of justice should not violate it 's citizens civil liberties,such as racial profiling does. Now,i will give a now famous example about racial profiling gone bad.
In 1991, an African American man named Anthony Wright confessed to the rape, robbery, and brutal murder of a 77-year-old woman. However, he later retracted his confession, asserting that it had been coerced by police, and requested DNA testing on the evidence prove his innocence. Despite his ardent attempts to reclaim his innocence, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania rejected the request based on the simple fact that he had previously confessed to the crime, which therefore prevented him from being able to claim his innocence (Commonwealth v. Wright, 2007). On behalf of Wright’s case, in 2008 the American Psychological Association filed an amicus curiae brief that described the many possible causes of false confessions and their role in wrongful convictions. In 2011, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania recognized that, although a confession may be admitted during trial, it does not necessarily mean that the confession was true.
Racism in the Criminal Justice System Over the years, several people have studied the subject of racism. Moreover, several people have argued about numerous topics they assert to be racist. One side of the story claims that one’s action establish his retribution, while the other side of the story says that racism is still a tremendous botheration today, especially in the Criminal Justice System. The Criminal Justice System accumulates tremendous criticism for being assumed to be racist and incriminating too many blacks.