In 1095 on November 27 in Clermont,France, Pope Urban the II called for a Crusade to help the Byzantines and free the city of Jerusalem. The official start date was set as August 15, 1096. This order little did he know would be the cause of a battle that turned into 9 war’s that last for nearly 200 years. This event in history clearly has a outcome that is way more negative than positive. Have you ever imagined being in the middle of a 200 year war people dropping like flies just because of an argument over one city?
When the First Crusade was launched, Jerusalem churches were under the Muslim rule. When Pope Urban II was elected, he found himself the head of a reformed movement to win back the holy land of Jerusalem, and relieve churches of the Muslim rule. Emperor Alexius, the emperor of the Byzantine Empire, requested help from Pope Urban because the Muslims were killing his Christian people. Since the Muslims were in command of Jerusalem, the violent acts happening in the Byzantine Empire by the Muslims were happening in Jerusalem as well. The First Crusade, which was the most successful, was launched by Pope Urban II in 1095 when he was newly elected into papacy.
As a result, a massive Christian force came into existence, uniting the Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches under one common goal: retake the Holy Land from the Muslim inhabitants (History.com staff,
In 1409 the Council of Pisa was made to resolve the split but instead it only brought in a third pope which mad things worse. The Council of Constance was created too in order to end the Schism. It was created on November the 5th 1410. However, this council did end the schism by the election of Cardinal Odo Colonna whom took the name Martin V.
The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought from 1095 to 1487. The first of the crusades began in 1095 when the Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, Alexios I, sent someone to request Pope Urban II to assist them with military support against the Turks. Pope Urban II quickly asked Catholic soldiers to join the first crusade. The first goal was to give the pilgrims access to areas in the Holy Land that Muslims were controlling. A more long-term goal would be to have the Eastern and Western parts of Christendom reunite.
Frederick Barbarossa's untimely death while crossing the Saleph River in Anatolia caused the near complete dissolution of his army. While hardly the first crusading force to meet an untimely demise in Turkey, the desertion of the army following his death highlights the risk of tying a Crusade to a single monarch. The persistent conflict between Richard the Lionheart and Philip II during the Third Crusade further displays the danger of having kings lead crusading forces. The two kings held each other in contempt from the beginning, in part because Richard had reneged on his engagement to Philip’s half-sister. After the two kings successfully captured Acre, Philip II would return home, but not until he agreed to a covenant to not attack Richard’s possessions back home.
Abbrigail Stevens Mrs. Martinez English IV, 4th Hour 4-21-16 Spanish Armada The defeat of the Spanish Armada caused Spain to become a second rate world power and forced Spain to change its goal for exploration. In the late 1500s King Philip decided he wanted to take over the world.
The conflict causing the schism in 1054 was known as an investiture controversy. An investiture controversy describes a dispute between the popes and the Holy Roman Empire over who held ultimate authority over the bishops in imperial lands. Popes of this time were corrupt and desired power. They started the Crusades to establish their power over the rightful rulers of Western Europe. The Crusades were armed pilgrimages to the Holy Land by Christians determined to recover Jerusalem from Muslim Rule.
The Cruades were a number a military attacks sanctioned by various Pope 's during the Middle Ages. The first Crusade began in 1095, the second crusade began in 1147, and the third crusade began in 1189. The first crusade started in s1095 with Jersualem, the Holy Land, under the control of the Seljuk Turks. The Byzantine Emporor Alexios I felt threatened by the Muslims and pleaded to the Western world for militairy support to fight against the Seljuk Turks.
The Massacres and riots commenced, some due to princes or kings reforming to other religions which their subjects had to also reform to. Saint Bartholomew's Day massacre resulted in the killing of 20,000 Huguenots who were French Calvinists. The Peace of Augsburg only temporarily calmed the storm in Germany over Lutheranism but it later caused the Thirty Years War in 17th century which had four phases that more or less religiously destroyed Europe and turned the religion conflict into one of political
Unfortunately this is not the case. Before Captain John Smith set out to the New World, he joined the Christian forces of the Holy Roman Empire to fight against the Muslim Ottoman Turks. Impressed by Captain Smith’s heroic deeds, Captain Bartholomew Gosnold insisted that John Smith join him to start a new colony in Virginia and was awarded a council position. He agreed and sailed off to explore a new adventure that included three ships carrying 104 English settlers. On the voyage to start this new colony in America, John Smith was arrested for mutiny (not obeying orders of higher authority) and barely escaped an unfortunate death by hanging.
In 1198, Pope Innocent III preached the Fourth Crusade to reinstate Christian lands and recapture Jerusalem. Under Innocent III, for the first time in the history of the Crusades, the pope taxed the church in order to collect money for the war. In this Crusade, advocates followed Richard the Lionheart’s procedure and travel by sea rather than by land. As a result, crusaders leased vessels from Venice. Instead of going to the Holy Land, the Crusaders attacked Zara and Constantinople in order to acquire money to pay their debt and fulfill selfish reasons.
With the goal of reconquering the Holy Lands of the Middle East, many Western Europeans supported a series of military conquests called the Crusades. As seen in the documents the religious figures who supported the Crusades had an idealized vision of the unification and religious zeal the Crusades would bring to the Christian faith, but for many of the actual crusaders, the cause of the crusades was a hope for economic gain through pillage. Although one of the original causes of the Crusades, according to religious figures, was to support the Byzantines and perhaps reunify the Eastern and Western churches, they resulted in increased feelings of tension in the Christian churches and actually aided creating a closer connection between different
The Crusades was a turning point in history because it depleted the population, made the relationships between religions very strained, and introduced a variety of new ideas and products to the Europeans/Crusaders. The Crusades began after Emperor Alexius requested Pope Urban III to find him a couple of hundred mercenaries who would help him take back the Holy lands after the Muslims had taken it over and had limited their access to their biblical sites. He supported their claim to the crusades by saying that God owns all the land and that it was meant for his children, but since the Muslims stole and inhabited his land, so they must take it back. Pope Urban III gave a speech to all of western christendom, saying, “This royal city, therefore, situated at the center of the world, is now held captive by His enemies, and is in subjection to those who do not know God, to the worship of the heathens. She seeks therefore and desires to be liberated, and does not cease to implore you to come to her aid.”.
Spanning multiple centuries and taking place in a majority of the land of eastern Europe and the Middle East, the Crusades, which began in the year 1096 A.D. and ended in 1291 A.D. were a time of religious warfare that resulted in the deaths of about three million people-- about one percent of the world population at the time. The leading motive for this bloodshed was the claiming of control of the city of Jerusalem, a city with holy sites from all of the religions involved-- Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. The city of Jerusalem contains within it, four quarters representing the three religions. Christianity has two quarters because one of them, the Armenian quarter, is also considered Christian. Judaism and Islam both have 1 quarter to themselves