Alfred Alder's Birth Order Theory

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Alfred alder’s birth order has the object of much criticism over the years with arguments such as he did not take social class, age and gender into his theory, while all this is true, one must consider that research for the birth order theory was conducted on one group of people from a particular social class and cultural background. Therefore, it is almost impossible to apply this theory to Caribbean cultures or people of different socio-economic backgrounds because his birth order theory was not designed to explain these circumstances. However when the theory is applied to the correct social class and economic background his theory truly shines. From research gathered on birth order and personal interpretation, it is in my view that…show more content…
Also according to alder the second born maybe in competition with the second born to try and surpass the level of the first born which leads most second born to be highly competitive. However, if the second born feels like he cannot surpass the first born he may not even try and become an underachiever because he thinks no matter what he does he will never surpass the first child so why…show more content…
Adler was once a student of Sigmund Freud, therefore, ome of Freud work may have a place in alders work for example when the first born is replaced the child behaves in a very volatile manner to seek attention from parents this behaviour according to Sigmund Freud could be called an ID impulse. Freud described the id as an entity “that behaves according to the pleasure principle, seeking immediate gratification of wishes and a reduction of pain and tension. Since the id is infantile and primitive by nature, it attempts to satisfy its desires by what Freud termed primary process. This means that the id is illogical, a social, impulsive, and demanding. Primary process means that there is action or discharge without thought or delay. There is no consideration of reality or the needs of others” Hedgespeth, J. (2014). Therefore, stubbornness and destructive behaviour may be expected. As mentioned earlier if the birth order theory was to viewed as a cause and effect theory such volatile behaviour may be thought of as an effect with the cause being the removal of undivided attention an love to understand why this may become such a problem for the child could be explained by operant conditioning developed by B.F Skinner in his theory he says that In operant conditioning we learn behaviours based on rewards or consequences this could in the case of the
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