This study of gay/lesbian further challenges the idea or concept of normative sexualities. According to one of the articles, once you categorise or label something as “normal”, automatically another category originates which is it’s opposite or let’s say contrast and is labelled as the term “deviant”. Basically in this queer theory we not only study about homosexualities but all those groups which are
In some cases, such as Shrek 2, it depicts the emerging of coming one’s true self just as many gays and lesbians must do. Another example of how the media/ televi?sion industry has changed in the ways they want to depict gays and lesbians is the example of Ellen. Although, it failed and they had to redirect the way of the show, they used Ellen to speak on LGBTQ issues. The Ellen show also helped to get recurring gay characters in double digits. (Gibson.pg.310)
In Ellis’ mind, homosexuals were known as “inverts” and the things that they were doing were problematic in his eyes. He believed that they were their own community and they had their own practices. He speaks of clubs that they go to and he categorizes them based on their attitudes and character. Ellis seems to believe that they have a “characteristic” hip movement in the way they walk and they have very feminine voices. In the 1920s, the culture of homosexuality was placed in a very tight box.
Masculine women are more likely to be noticed by the outside community than feminine women, because it goes against traditional gender stereotypes in mainstream culture. Considered a betrayal of gender identity: the true lesbian is butch, aggressive, and masculine. Butch lesbians are noteworthy, because in some ways, it is destroying and bolstering heteronormativity. Butch lesbian “stick out like G.I. Joes in Barbie Land” due to gender expression and easily identifiable sexuality at the time. On one hand, the gender expression of a butch lesbian is very different from the femininity established for women, as they do not match the typical housewife ideal.
C.J. Pascoe, in her book Dude, You’re a Fag, argues that heterosexuality and dominant masculinity are inextricably linked. In order for boys to assert their masculinity, they must comply with the social processes that Pascoe calls “compulsive heterosexuality.” Compulsive heterosexuality builds on the concept of compulsory heterosexuality, a theory coined by researcher Adrienne Rich which refers to heterosexuality as political institution that enforces heterosexuality on women as a means of ensuring male dominance through “physical, economic, and emotional access” (86), and constructs alternative sexualities as “the other.” Compulsive heterosexuality encompases a myriad of sexualilzed gender performances and rituals, not merely to affirm one’s
In the introduction from Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick’s novel, she states that her argument is that the continuum between male “homosocial desire” and homosexuality cannot be understood outside of its relation to women and the gender system as a whole (2435). She then uses the sociological neologism "homosocial" to distinguish from "homosexual", stating that the social bonds between males can be applied to “male bonding”. She also notes that these activities may be characterized in our society by “intense homophobia, fear, and hatred of homosexuality” (2435). Following this accusation of sorts, she explains why she views this homosocial behavior as potentially erotic to hypothesize the potential unbrokenness of a continuum between homosocial and homosexual (2435). Her use of the word “desire”, rather than “love”, she mentions is in response to the fact that “in literary critical and related discourse, “love” is more easily used to name a particular emotion and “desire” to name a structure” (2435).
The DSM-5 is a mental health publication published by American Psychology Association (APA) recognize in the USA as a great guide to classifying and diagnosing mental illness. Anti-DSM-5: Anti-DSM-5 claims that the way that mental health professional diagnose mental diseases is arbitrary because they based their diagnostics on their interpretation of moral rather than science. For example, until 1970, homosexuality was listed in the DSM. That would mean before then people who acted in a way that different from the mainstream of morality was considered as being a psychiatric disorder and paraphilia.
Until early 20th century, ‘heterosexuality’ was used to refer to ‘morbid sexual practices’ between men and women such as oral and anal intercourse, as opposed to ‘normal’ procreative sex. The term homosexuality – that is so casually usedtodayand is almost an everyday vocabulary – came into being only in the late 19th century Europe when discussions on the varied expressions of sex and sexuality became acceptable in academic circles. The term was used to describe “morbid sexual passion between members of the same sex.” It was declared ‘unnatural’ by colonial laws, as unnatural as casual sex between men and women that was not aimed at conception.
Hedonism, the seeking of self pleasure, is described by the homosexual innuendos in The Picture of Dorian Gray. The idea of homosexuality was not only unaccepted in London at this time, but also illegal, therefore it is an act of self-service with no care for the laws or others opinions. “Dorian, from the moment I met you, your personality had the most extraordinary influence over me. I was dominated, soul, brain, and power, by you. You became to me the visible incarnation of that unseen ideal whose memory haunts us artists like an exquisite dream.
Preston Sprinkle goes into great detail on this issue in his book “Born this Way.” In defining the subject Sprinkle takes time to remind us that the sin occurs when someone acts out upon their lusts or entertains their lusts in their mind. Having certain feelings doesn’t make one guilty. How we entertain those thoughts does? This is certainly true outside of the homosexual debate.
Kinsey’s continuum measures sexual orientation based off of experiences, affection, and desires ranging from being exclusively heterosexual to exclusively homosexual. Kinsey’s study allowed for the fluidity of sexual orientation to be measured and exist. I think hate crimes and homophobia stems from negative beliefs towards people regarding other’s preference. Hate crimes are the act of aggression and homophobia is bias against homosexuality. I think institutions along with other social structures impact people’s beliefs and influence these inequalities systemically.
Holden v. society … Who is the real problem? Holden Caulfield is a 17 year old boy that is narrating the whole book from a mental hospital. He gets kicked out of Pency Prep, and begins his story about his trip through the big apple. Holden seems to be a lost seed and he struggles to make it day by day.
Everyone knows that death is inevitable, yet strangely, when the subject of death emerges, fear is evident in people’s faces and tone of voice. When deeply examining works of art, such as Gladiator, Myths to Live By, and world tragedies such as the horrific event that took place on September 11, 2001, the reality of death is a prime focus of human culture. Death is an event that everyone in the world will endure; however, human beings can’t live in fear with the thought of one day staring death in its face. Joseph Campbell focuses on the aspect of life that frightens people the most: death. The straightforwardness of “The Emergence of Mankind” motivates people to think about the phenomenon of death itself.
The history of the United States was heavily influenced by several bright and intelligent individuals. One of these people were Thomas Jefferson. In elementary school, you probably don’t learn much about him, but once you get to middle and high school your teachers will get into more depth about who he was and what he did to make America a better place to live in. Once you get to know more and more about him the story of his life begins to unfold, and you begin to see the side of him that most don’t know about. Most people know him as the writer of The Declaration of Independence, the 3rd President of the United States and a founding father.