Ali Sardar Jafri Analysis

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With the beginning of his literary career itself, Ali Sardar Jafri earned the reputation of a rebel writer. In fact his writing was so powerful that his first anthology of short story collection, “Manzil” (1938) managed to rouse the British rulers into imprisoning him in the district jails of Lucknow and Banaras. For another five decades he would continue to storm the Urdu literary world with his remarkable poetry and created a niche for himself in Urdu poetry. In fact, Sardar Jafri’s poems’ relevance is truly felt in the present day also initiating deliberations on present and past. Phir Koi Nahien Ye Poochheygaa Sardar Kahaan Hai Mahfil Mein Lekin Main Yahaan Phir Aaongaa Bachon Ke Dahan Se Bolongaa Chidyon Ki Zabaan Se Gaaongaa…show more content…
Putting his mind before heart, Sardar Ali struggles to escape from the loving gaze of his beloved. He says that he would rather trust the mind rather than the fidelity of a human being’s heart. Pyar Ki Ye Nazar Rahey Na Rahey Kaun Dasht-E-Wafaa Mein Jaltaa Hai Terey Dil Ko Khabar Rahey Na Rahey Tu Mujhey Itney Pyar Se Mat Dekh [8] Unlike some of his contemporaries who only vent feelings like love and affection, his verses are remarkable for their solidarity with the progress of mankind. One of his free verse poems, “Sar-e-Toor” is an example of his wisdom and skill in weaving verses with the present day facts. He understands that “[P]erhaps we have learnt some secrets of nature/Yet many remain unexplored.” At the same time he is proud that “[w]hen mountains loomed up in our way/We turned into quick flowing streams” [6]. He empathised with the proletariat and rooted for their upliftment in his verses. Sardar Jafri’s love for the motherland is revealed in the following verses: Main Jail Mein Baithey Baithey Aksar Ye Sochtaa Hoon Jo Ho Sakey To Avadh Ki Pyaari Zameen Ko God Mein Uthaa Loon Aur Uski Shaadaab Lahlahaati Jabeen Ko Hazaaron Boson Se Jagmagaa…show more content…
Ai watan khake watan woh bhi tujhe de denge Bach raha hai jo lahoo abke fasaddat ke baad - Awadh ki khak-i-Haseen [1] Sardar’s contemporary, Faiz Ahmed Faiz, another member of Progressive Writers Movement laments in Subah-e-azaadi: Ye daagh daagh ujala ye shab gazida sehr Voh intezar tha jiska yeh who sehr to nahi Unfortunately, the dawn of freedom turned out to be a nightmare for many innocent citizens. Similar sentiments were opined by Josh Malihabadi in his poem Matam-e-Azadi (1948) Ai ham nafas! Fasana e Hindustan naa pooch Apna gala kharosh e tarranum se phat gaya Talwar se bacha, to rag-e gul se kat gaya [1] Known for his lyrics which are full of joie de vivre, Majaz strikes a poignant tone with his verse: Hindu Muslim Sikh Isai aman ke moti ro lenge Khoon ki holi khel chuke hain rang ke dhabbe dho lenge [1] The celebrations of the first independence could not submerge the emotional verses of the poets like Sahir Ludhianwi in Chhabees Janwary: Aao ke aaj ghaur karein iss sawal par Dekhe the hamne jo, woh haseen khwab kya huye? Bekas barehngi ko kafan tak nahi

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