The exploitative political systems within Fritz Lang’s film Metropolis (1927) and George Orwell’s 1984 position the reader to invest emotionally in the plight of individuals. The texts offer a critique of the repressive social conditions within the composers’ social, historical and cultural context. Lang’s avant-guarde film focuses on problematic social tensions between the capitalist elite and proletariat in the Weimer Republic. 1984 also explores concerns about the hierarchical division of power, satirising totalitarian systems of indoctrination and repression in a post WWII society. In this sense, the didactic representations extrapolate from contextual fears but through an evaluation of the intertextual perspectives, they offer different
From the psychological point of view, it means ‘abandonment' loss, insanity and derangement of mental faculties. According to Marx, the alienation of the worker in his product means that not only solely that his labour becomes an associated object, assumes an external existence however that it exists independently, outside himself which it stands against him. Marx distinguishes clearly between externalization and the alienation of the product. According to Marx, the alienation of product and labour has
He argues that with all the pressures of class conflict and the imbalance of capitalism there is no way that this pattern can continue without a major revolution. Marx compares capitalism to anarchy, in the sense that there is no organization within which only causes chaos. The common pattern of capitalism is a boom followed by a bust, and that bust leads to recession and social unrest. This sort of fickle economy, Marx believes, will furthermore contribute to the downfall of capitalism. This socialist revolution would, “abolish private ownership of key elements of economy and change nature of relationships from ones based on marriage and property.” (Allen, Lecture 5: Marx and His Life, 2014).
Aqsa Khalid Miss Kanza Javed Modern Novel II 25th April 2016 Application of Marxist Criticism on “The Kite Runner” by Khaled Hosseini Karl Marx (1818-1883) was a German philosopher, theorist and historian. He thoroughly studied the social organizations and came to the conclusion that human history was full of constant struggle and clash between classes. He divided the society into two classes. One is the Bourgeoisie- which is the possessor of all the means of sources of production and income of a society. And the second one is Proletariat which is the laborer or the working class.
Works of literature often portray ideas relating to Marxist theory, this is why in a dystopian society, class distinctions dominate the social climate, using Marxist ideologies as a tool to define the lives of the narrator and those around her. In Margaret Atwood’s novel, The Handmaid’s Tale, ideologies from Marxist theory dominate the society in which Offred, the narrator, lives in, evidenced by the strict class systems and limited interaction between them. In writing the novel, Atwood makes a point to create a world that could exist using technology and ideas already accessible in today’s society, meaning the events that take place in The Handmaid’s Tale could happen in present day. Offred lives in a reality where class distinctions dominate society, and women, especially fertile women. These women are displaced downwards, although there are those women who attempt to resist the grip of society.
As mentioned previously Feminists link Frankenstein to several gender inequality issues, like Elizabeth being dependent to Victor. Marxist, however, link it to the everlasting conflicts between the Bourgeoisie and the Working Class – Victor ‘owning’ the Creature. Others
One of the theorists of the classical liberalism as well as a prominent economist and sociologist of the twentieth century Friedrich August von Hayek in his book “The Road to Serfdom” defined socialism as a road to slavery. In his book which is dedicated to socialism he argues that socialism is interlinked with such elements as planned economy, collectivism and nationalization of the social life of the population which together inevitably lead to totalitarianism in the political structure of the society. This paper will argue about the failure and negative impact of the idea of socialism on the society and political system in general reviewing the book “The Road to Serfdom” by Friedrich Hayek. Friedrich Hayek is well known for his significant impact on the economy as well as political philosophy of the twentieth century. He was the leading economist of his time and was awarded with the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his work in the theory of money and economic fluctuation.
It uses Marxist theory, to understand the oppression of women through capitalist sources. Marxism deals with inequalities and oppression that arise because of class differences in a capitalist society. As Marxism study the difference of classes, Feminism, on the other hand, study difference of sexes. Marxist Feminism explains the roll of capitalism in the oppression on women. Marxist Feminists believe that there are two type of labors in capitalism; Productive, in which individuals are paid wages, and reproductive, in which works like cleaning, cooking etc are involved, works that people do for themselves, and which are not accompanied by wages.
Fritz Lang’s expressionist film Metropolis and George Orwell’s novel 1984 share a common narrative of social manipulation by an oligarchical collective in order to sustain and perpetuate their power. Fritz Lang reflects the paradigmatic concerns and discontents of the Weimar Republic of Germany following the First World War through the forced labour and oppression of the underprivileged to serve Metropolis’s oligarchy. On the other hand, Orwell’s 1984 was written as a plausible extension of the perverted socialism tested by Hitler and Stalin during World War 2, offering a prophecy for a future dictatorial state which practices extreme political manipulation. Fritz Lang’s film Metropolis reflects the paradigmatic concerns of his time through