Margaret Atwood, a canadian-born poet, award winning writer, and a proclaimed feminist, wrote several poems dedicated to women and their struggles. Atwood explained to Judy Klemesrud in the New York Times, “My women suffer because most of the women I talk to seem to have suffered.” Since then, Atwood has become known and recognized as a feminist. Atwood’s attentiveness to women and their experiences are shown in many of her works; Including “This Photograph of Me” and the “Siren Song”, a poem that remodels Homer’s epic The Odyssey. Atwood’s unique perspective classifies her as a great feminist poets. Furthermore, Atwood, who was surrounded by the intellect of the female faculty members at Victoria College, often portrays female characters dominated by the patriarchal society in her poems.
It shows that serious consequences will occur if these problems stay unresolved. As a nation like the Republic of Gilead decides its policies based on biblical stories, it shows how extreme applications of those verses can lead to intrusion of human rights and degraded roles of women to only reproduce and nothing else. In addition, Atwood also focuses on the executions and persecution of women and constant efforts of these women to fight against the male-dominated society. Many of the characters such as Moira, Offred’s friend, Ofglen, another handmaid, Serena Joy and Offred, try to resist in her own way. Furthermore, I think there were many efforts by Atwood to use symbolism to represent motifs of the novel.
While waiting for the Ceremony to begin, Offred reflects, “I have another name, which nobody uses now because it’s forbidden. I tell myself it doesn’t matter, your name is like your telephone number, useful only to others; but what I tell myself is wrong, it does matter,”(Atwood 84). Atwood utilizes pseudonyms to indicate the significant connection between name and identity. Offred’s name encompasses the entirety of who she was in the past society. The new name signifies the birth of a new identity, and to eradicate the connections of the past for future women.
In both passages, Attwood highlights the distinctive perspectives with the focus directing towards the maids. In the first passage, the perspective that Attwood presents is the maids’, where she uses a repetition of “wipe” to suggest that the maid’s are forced to “wipe the floor and wipe away the grease.” Contextually, this passage occurs in the days where Penelope is alone and Odeysseus hasn’t come back yet. The author chooses to use the repetition of “wipe” instead of describing the maids’ daily tasks through the noble’s demands to suggest that the maids know that they have no choice but to follow instructions. She also further emphasises this through the connotation “we are not chased around the hall,” where she refers to the maids’ dreams. By doing this, Attwood infers that those who have names and roles, namely the suitors who chase
Moreover, it means that Atwood “takes what already exists and makes an imaginative leap into the future” (Synder 470) by employing the scientific means which were at hand when she wrote the book (Wolter 259). She imagines what could happen if humanity followed the path it is already on, concerning the abuse of scientific progress
In the novel, The Poisonwood Bible by Barbra Kingsolver, poetry is continuously used to illustrate Adah’s character. Adah Price is the one character that always appears as though she does not belong. During her childhood while her family lived in Africa, she did not speak, and also was born with hemiplegia, which caused her to walk with a terrible limp. She was created to be very analytical, intelligent, and extremely outside the box. Her habits from when she was younger, such as reading and thinking backwards, can directly relate to her disability and is seen as her way of handling how it feels to be so different from those around her.
Firstly, Atwood satirizes the way women are presented stereotypically in literature work. She implies that women do not have a voice of their own, and that they always act in the shadows of men because of lust or pity for men. This description is full of exaggerations and Atwood also indicates how
How does Atwood present the narrator at the start of The Handmaid’s Tale? Atwood renders the narrator within the Handmaid’s Tale as a protagonist to manifest the contrast between those who conform to societies’ values, and those adamant to rebel. Thus Atwood delineates the narrator as a protagonist through the use of the sensory imagery, psychoanalysis, and tyrannical propaganda to illustrate this contrast. Atwood roots sensory imagery and color to insinuate class distinction, and how it shapes the personality of the narrator. Atwood chooses the predominant color of red to indicate that the narrator is of a lower class by linking it to the themes of blood and infatuation.
Obviously, her poems spoke her truth and were very detailed in the sense that she wrote from the heart. She chose to write without a filter in front of her and wrote what she really believed was right. Another heavy influence in her work was the concept of living life to the fullest. In her poems, it was obvious that she did not intend on wasting any time and rather wanted to make the most of her opportunities. She writes, “I keep on dying, because I love to live,” in her poem “The Lesson.” Lastly, Angelou commonly wrote about her internal struggles through life.
Atwood’s novels are examined in many context whether culture historical or even social, which explores the victimization of women. Victimization includes anything that affects women’s survival, specifically, victimization through physical, psychological, and economic manipulation. Survival is also taken in the broadest sense. It includes both physical and spiritual survival "as anything more than a minimally human being" (Atwood Survival 33). In Survival, Atwood presents four "Basic Victim Positions," which include denying victimization, acquiescing in victimization, repudiating victimization, and becoming a creative non-victim" (36-39).